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Metal Shout

TOOL 2023 Tour Dates – TOOL Concert and Festival Schedules

TOOL 2023 Tour Dates – TOOL Concert and Festival Schedules

TOOL is one of the most well-known prog-rock bands of all time, and they will return to the stage in 2023 for more concerts and festivals.

We will help you find cheap tickets to upcoming TOOL concerts, shows, or festivals in 2023. Check our TOOL 2023 tour dates below!

TOOL 2023 Tour Dates – Full Schedule of TOOL Shows

According to Maynard James Keenan, Tool picks their openers like this:

“No point in choosing something similar to us. The approach or criteria I usually take when it’s my turn to choose an opener is Diversity. No point in choosing something similar to us. Most are only here for the headliner, anyway. But for those with open hearts and minds, I choose something I feel is compelling in its own way.

@blonderedheadofficial is my pick for this upcoming run. Incredible melodies, complex & subtle rhythms, and nontraditional arrangements.

But Nothing like @Toolmusic. And Not meant to be. Obviously, if it’s not your thing, don’t worry. What you came to hear will soon follow. But if any of what you hear resonates, @blonderedheadofficial have a deep catalog for you to get lost in for years to come.”

TOOL is a Los Angeles, California-based American prog-metal and rock band. They formed in 1990. Here are the Tool members: vocalist Maynard James Keenan , guitarist Adam Jones , and drummer Danny Carey . Justin Chancellor has been the band’s bassist since 1995, succeeding original bassist Paul D’Amour. TOOL genre is also unique in metal and rock music history.

The band won four Grammy Awards and went on worldwide tours and festivals. And released numerous albums that topped the global charts. TOOL has so far released five studio albums, one box set, two extended plays, four video albums, fifteen singles, and eight music videos — also; the TOOL band is planning to release new records in 2023 too.

TOOL band members total net worth is around $210 million.

Related: Tool Members Net Worth: Albums, Life and More

Here are all the scheduled TOOL concerts, shows, and festivals. If the schedule for the concert isn’t correct, you can contact us, and we’ll add a concert by TOOL from 2023 to our database . Check the TOOL tour dates section below!

Will there be a Tool tour in 2023?

TOOL band is also touring in 2023. Check the TOOL concert dates below!

How long does a Tool show usually last?

Usually, a TOOL show and concert lasts for 2 hours and 45 minutes on average.

Who is opening for TOOL on their next 2023 tour?

Opening acts will be changing for each TOOL  concert. 

Maynard also talked about the when is the release date of TOOL’s new album:

“The guys in Tool, just take longer to process information and get it together and present me something that I can start building on. I have made the mistake in the past of trying to build on something that wasn’t ready yet. And then all the work I put into building on the thing, they change the foundation. If I’m [Maynard James Keenan] trying to decorate the house and then you move where the doors are or the windows or add a floor, I gotta start over, as an interior decorator. I have to wait for them to do it, so there’s time. I have time to do all these other things in between because I can and I should.

One could argue a little bit of discipline and a little prodding, a little cattle prod or a taser would help move these guys along a little faster, but that’s their process, you just have to kind of respect it.

It’s frustrating. I’m sure they’re frustrated with me because they hand it to me and I’m like, ‘It’s done.’ like, ‘You didn’t take any time with it?’ Yes, it took 50 years for this reaction to these things. I’ve been preparing for decades to hear these things and be able to react honestly, and I riff on them – on all the songs, on all the projects.”

TOOL 2023 Tour Dates

All TOOL concerts for 2023 announced. You can also check 2022’s tour dates below!

  • May 21 – Daytona International Speedway – Welcome to Rockville 2023
  • May 25 – Sonic Temple Festival
  • September 22 – LOUDER THAN LIFE FESTIVAL
  • October 3 – Loveland, CO Budweiser Event Center
  • October 6 – Aftershock Festival 2023
  • October 8 – PowerTrip Festival 2023
  • Oct. 8 – Indio, CA Power Trip
  • Oct. 10 – Salt Lake City, UT Delta Center
  • Oct. 12 – Idaho Falls, ID Mountain America Center
  • Oct. 14 – Nampa, ID Ford Idaho Center
  • Oct. 15 – Spokane, WA Spokane Arena
  • Oct. 17 – Eugene, OR Matthew Knight Center
  • Oct. 19 – Portland, OR Moda Center
  • Oct. 20 – Tacoma, WA Tacoma Dome
  • Oct. 22 – Kelowna, BC Prospera Place Arena
  • Oct. 23 – Vancouver, BC Rogers Arena
  • Oct. 25 – Edmonton, AB Rogers Place
  • Oct. 27 – Calgary, AB Scotiabank Saddledome
  • Oct. 29 – Winnipeg, MB Canada Life Center
  • Oct. 31 – St. Paul, MN Xcel Energy Center
  • November 1 – Milwaukee, WI Fiserv Forum
  • Nov. 3 – Knoxville, TN Thompson-Boiling Arena
  • Nov. 4 – Charleston, WV Charleston Coliseum
  • Nov. 6 – Rochester, NY Blue Cross Arena
  • Nov. 7 – Allentown, PA PPL Center
  • Nov. 10 – Uncasville, CT Mohegan Sun Arena
  • Nov. 13 – Manchester, NH SNHU Arena
  • Nov. 15 – Boston, MA TD Garden
  • Nov. 16 – Philadelphia, PA Wells Fargo Center
  • Nov. 19 – Montreal, QC Bell Center
  • Nov. 20 – Toronto, ON Scotiabank Arena
  • Nov. 21 – Toronto, ON Scotiabank Arena

Related: Best concert ticket sites ever: Online ticket sites you can find cheap event tickets

January 2022

tool tour europe 2023

  • January 10 Eugene, OR Matthew Knight Arena
  • January 11 Tacoma, WA Tacoma Dome
  • January 13 Boise, ID Ford Idaho Center
  • January 15 Sacramento, CA Golden 1 Center
  • January 16 San Francisco, CA Chase Center
  • January 18 Anaheim, CA Honda Center
  • January 19 San Diego, CA Viejas Arena
  • January 21 Phoenix, AZ Footprint Center
  • January 22 Las Vegas, NV T-Mobile Arena
  • January 25 Salt Lake City, UT Maverik Center
  • January 27 Denver, CO Ball Arena
  • January 28 Colorado Springs, CO Broadmoor World Arena
  • January 30 Tulsa, OK BOK Center
  • January 31 Dallas, TX American Airlines Center

February 2022

  • February 2 San Antonio, TX AT&T Center
  • February 4 Houston, Austin, TX Toyota Center
  • February 5 New Orleans, LA Smoothie King Center
  • February 8 Orlando, FL Amway Center
  • February 9 Tampa, FL Amalie Arena
  • February 10 Miami, FL FTX Arena
  • February 19 Boston, MA TD Garden
  • February 20 Philadelphia, PA Wells Fargo Center
  • February 22 Washington, DC Capital One Arena
  • February 23 Belmont Park, NY UBS Arena
  • February 26 Newark, NJ Prudential Center
  • February 27 Buffalo, NY KeyBank Center
  • March 1 Pittsburgh, PA PPG Paints Arena
  • March 3 Detroit, MI Little Caesars Arena
  • March 4 Louisville, KY KFC Yum! Center
  • March 6 Columbus, OH Nationwide Arena
  • March 8 Grand Rapids, MI Van Andel Arena
  • March 10 Chicago, IL United Center
  • March 12 Omaha, NE CHI Health Center Arena
  • March 13 Minneapolis, MN Target Center
  • March 15 Kansas City, MO T-Mobile Center
  • March 17 Moline, IL TaxSlayer Center
  • March 18 St. Louis, MO Enterprise Center
  • March 20 Cleveland, OH Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse

TOOL 2022 European Tour Dates

  • April 23 Copenhagen, DK Royal Arena
  • April 25 Oslo, NO Spektrum
  • April 26 Stockholm, SE Avicii Arena
  • April 28 Hamburg, DE Barclaycard Arena
  • April 29 Frankfurt, DE Festhalle
  • May 2 Manchester, UK AO Arena Manchester
  • May 4 Birmingham, UK Resorts World Arena
  • May 6 Dublin, IE 3Arena
  • May 9 London, UK The O2 Arena
  • May 12 Paris, FR AccorHotels Arena
  • May 13 Antwerp, BE Sportpaleis
  • May 15 Berlin, DE Mercedes-Benz Arena
  • May 17 Cologne, DE Lanxess Arena
  • May 19 Amsterdam, NL Ziggo Dome
  • May 21 Krakow, PL Tauron Arena
  • May 23 Prague, CZ O2 Arena
  • May 24 Budapest, HU SportAréna
  • June 18 Tennessee, USA

Average setlist from the TOOL concerts

Tool concert playlist will change in 2023, and there will be many new surprise songs or covers from Tool .

  • ‘Fear Inoculum’
  • ‘Opiate’ (extended version)
  • ‘The Grudge’
  • ‘Right In Two’
  • ‘Hooker With A Penis’
  • ‘Descending’
  • ‘Chocolate Chip Trip’
  • ‘Eon Blue Apocalypse’
  • ‘The Patient’
  • ‘Invincible’

Find the TOOL tour dates and tickets for 2023 near you on Metalshout !

You can also watch the video made by Metalshout below!

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I'm Yunus Emre Ozdiyar and I'm the founder of metalshout.com I've enjoyed writing listicles, guides, news and doing interviews about heavy metal and rock music ever since 2005 and I'm an official journalist since 2015.

Would absolutely love to see Tool play The Patient live!

When is the 2023 tour and where does it start?

we expect Tool 2023 tour will start this summer

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Entertainment Focus

Tool announce UK & European tour: Pre-sale details here

James Daykin

Prepare for an unforgettable musical journey as TOOL, the iconic Los Angeles-based band featuring Danny Carey, Justin Chancellor, Adam Jones, and Maynard James Keenan, gears up for a highly-anticipated return to Europe this Spring. The 2024 trek promises a month of dates that include headline performances at renowned venues such as London’s The O2, Stockholm’s Tele2 Arena, and Paris’ Accor Arena, along with must-see festival appearances at Graspop Metal Meeting, Tons of Rock, and CopenHell.

This European tour announcement comes on the heels of a whirlwind period for TOOL, currently immersed in a North American tour that extends into February. Over the past five months, the band has headlined major festivals like Aftershock, Welcome to Rockville, Louder Than Life, and the Sonic Temple Arts & Music festivals. Their exceptional performance at Power Trip left a lasting impression, with Metal Hammer describing it as “a mind-melting, triumphant showcase of just how singular their art is, a transcendental experience that surpasses genre boundaries.”

Tickets for all headline dates go on sale this Friday, Nov. 17, at 10 am local time. Ahead of the public on-sale, TOOL Army has opened additional memberships, granting exclusive access to pre-sale tickets for members starting today at 10 am local time and lasting for a 24-hour window. TOOL Army members will continue to enjoy pre-sale benefits until the general on-sale begins on Friday. VIP packages, including premium tickets, sound check access with a group photo, exclusive merchandise, and more, will be initially available to TOOL Army members, with additional options released to the general public on Nov. 17. For more details, visit Toolband.com/vipeuuk . All ticketing links are accessible via Toolband.com . Night Verses is set to open for all European, non-festival dates.

TOOL European Tour Dates:

  • 25 May: Hannover, DE – ZAG Arena
  • 27 May: Amsterdam, NL – Ziggo Dome
  • 30 May: Birmingham, UK – Resorts World Arena
  • 1 June: Manchester, UK – AO Arena
  • 3 June: London, UK – The O2
  • 5 June: Paris, FR – Accor Arena
  • 8 June: Berlin, DE – Parkbühne Wuhlheide
  • 10 June: Wien, AT – Wiener Stadthalle
  • 11 June: Kraków, PL – Tauron Arena
  • 13 June: Budapest, HU – BudapestAréna
  • 18 June: Köln, DE – Lanxess Arena
  • 20 June: Dessel, BE – Graspop Metal Meeting
  • 22 June: Copenhagen, DK – CopenHell
  • 25 June: Stockholm, SE – Tele2 Arena
  • 27 June: Oslo, NO – Tons of Rock

James Daykin

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Tool announce massive 2024 UK and European arena tour

The live shows include a slot at London’s O2 Arena

Tool

Tool have announced a series of UK and European tour dates, set to kick off in 2024. Find a list of upcoming shows and ticket details below.

  • READ MORE: Tool – ‘Fear Inoculum’ review: worth the wait

All set to take place in spring next year, the upcoming tour dates come as the band – comprised of Maynard James Keenan , Adam Jones, Justin Chancellor and Danny Carey – are currently in the midst of a North American tour that extends into February.

Set to kick off two months later, the tour will open with a slot at the ZAG Arena in Hannover, Germany on May 25, and continue two days later with a show at the Ziggo Dome in Amsterdam.

From there, three performances around the UK are scheduled, opening with a performance in Birmingham on May 30, held at the Resorts World Arena. The band will then make a stop at the AO Arena in Manchester on June 1, and play a final UK show in London’s O2 Arena two days after.

The remainder of scheduled 2024 shows continue in Paris on June 5, and run throughout the rest of the month with appearances in Berlin, Kraków, Budapest, Stockholm and more.

Various festival sets are also planned for the latter half of June – featuring a stop at CopenHell on June 22 and a performance at Tons Of Rock in Oslo on June 27.

Recommended

Tickets for all headlining dates are on sale this Friday (November 17) at 10 am local time and can be found here . Pre-sale options and VIP packages are also available from 10am today (November 14) for members of the band’s own Tool Army . Find a full list of UK and EU tour dates below.

Adam Jones, Maynard James Keenan, Danny Carey and Justin Chancellor of Tool perform live onstage during 2017 Governors Ball Music Festival

TOOL’s European tour dates are:

MAY 25 – Hannover, DE ZAG Arena 27 – Amsterdam, NL Ziggo Dome 30 – Birmingham, UK Resorts World Arena

JUNE 1 – Manchester, UK AO Arena 3 – London, UK The O2 5 – Paris, FR Accor Arena 8 – Berlin, DE Parkbühne Wuhlheide 10 – Wien, AT Wiener Stadthalle 11 – Kraków, PL Tauron Arena 13 – Budapest, HU BudapestAréna 18 – Köln, DE Lanxess Arena 20 – Dessel, BE Graspop Metal Meeting 22 – Copenhagen, DK CopenHell 25 – Stockholm, SE Tele2 Arena 27 – Oslo, NO Tons of Rock

The LA group released their fifth and most recent studio record, ‘Fear Inoculum’ , back in 2019. It arrived 13 years after its predecessor, ‘10,000 Days’ (2006). Last month, however, bassist Justin Chancellor teased that fans won’t be waiting as long for Tool’s next LP .

He said the band have already “got many ideas cooking” for the new album, but confirmed that they “haven’t recorded anything yet”.

“But we’re quite busy until after the spring of next year touring. So once that’s done we’re gonna get back in the studio and knuckle down and put some of it together,” he added. “So we’ve got all the ingredients in place. We’ve just got to really bang it out and spend that time when we’re not touring.”

Drummer Danny Carey made a similar sentiment shortly after the release of ‘Fear Inoculum’, confirming that he hoped Tool would get back in the studio sooner rather than later to “knock out another record” .

In a five-star review of the album , NME wrote: “If you’re wondering whether ‘Fear Inoculum’ was worth the wait, then the answer is yes. If you’re wondering whether it’ll touch your heart, soul and spirit, the answer is also so.”

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  • Maynard James Keenan

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tool tour europe 2023

TOOL  make their highly-anticipated return to Europe this Spring, with a month of dates slated for the 2024 trek, including outings at London’s The O 2  , Stockholm’s Tele2 Arena and Paris’ Accor Arena, as well as festival outings at Graspop Metal Meeting, Tons of Rock and CopenHell.   News of the band’s European tour follows a particularly busy time for the Los Angeles-based band, with the foursome featuring Danny Carey, Justin Chancellor, Adam Jones and Maynard James Keenan, currently in the midst of a North American tour that extends into February.

Over the last five months, TOOL has headlined Aftershock, Welcome to Rockville, Louder Than Life and the Sonic Temple Arts & Music festivals, as well as a once-in-a-lifetime performance at Power Trip, which  Metal Hammer  described as “a mind-melting, triumphant showcase of just how singular their art is, a transcendental experience that surpasses genre boundaries.

tool tour europe 2023

Tickets for all headlining dates are on-sale this Friday, Nov. 17 at 10 am local time. In advance of the forthcoming on-sale,  TOOL Army  has opened additional memberships, with pre-sale tickets available exclusively to members for a 24-hour window beginning today at 10 am local time.

TOOL Army members will continue to have access to pre-sale tickets until the public on-sale begins on Friday. A limited number of VIP packages will also be initially available to TOOL Army members, with remaining options available to the general public as the on-sale begins on Nov. 17. Select packages include premium tickets, sound check access with group photo, exclusive merchandise and more. 

For more information, visit  https://www.toolband.com/vipeuuk . All ticketing links are available via  Toolband.com . Night Verses opens on all European, non-festival dates.   TOOL European tour dates: 25 May  Hannover, DE  ZAG Arena 27 May  Amsterdam, NL  Ziggo Dome 30 May  Birmingham, UK  Resorts World Arena 1 June  Manchester, UK  AO Arena 3 June  London, UK  The O 2 5 June  Paris, FR  Accor Arena 8 June  Berlin, DE  Parkbühne Wuhlheide 10 June  Wien, AT  Wiener Stadthalle 11 June  Kraków, PL  Tauron Arena 13 June  Budapest, HU  BudapestAréna 18 June  Köln, DE  Lanxess Arena 20 June  Dessel, BE  Graspop Metal Meeting 22 June  Copenhagen, DK  CopenHell 25 June  Stockholm, SE  Tele2 Arena 27 June  Oslo, NO  Tons of Rock   TOOL North American tour dates: 15 November  Boston, MA  TD Garden 16 November  Philadelphia, PA  Wells Fargo Center 19 November  Montreal, QC  Bell Center 20 November  Toronto, ON  Scotiabank Arena 21 November  Toronto, ON  Scotiabank Arena 10 January  Baltimore, MD  CFG Bank Arena 12 January  New York, NY  Madison Square Garden 13 January  New York, NY  Madison Square Garden 18 January  Hollywood, FL  Hard Rock Live at Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood 19 January  Hollywood, FL  Hard Rock Live at Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood 21 January  Charlotte, NC  Spectrum Center 23 January  Nashville, TN  Bridgestone Arena 24 January  Atlanta, GA  State Farm Arena 26 January  Birmingham, AL  The Legacy Arena at The BJCC 27 January  Biloxi, MS  Mississippi Coast Coliseum 30 January  Corpus Christi, TX  American Bank Center 31 January  Austin, TX  Moody Center 2 February  Dallas, TX  American Airlines Center 3 February  Oklahoma City, OK  Paycom Center 5 February  Denver, CO  Ball Arena 7 February  El Paso, TX  UTEP Don Haskins Center 9 February  Phoenix, AZ  Footprint Center 10 February  Phoenix, AZ  Footprint Center 12 February  Fresno, CA  Save Mart Center 14 February  Los Angeles, CA  Crypto.com Arena 15 February  Los Angeles, CA  Crypto.com Arena 17 February  Ontario, CA  Toyota Arena 18 February  Las Vegas, NV  T-Mobile Arena

TOOL formed in 1990, releasing five studio albums:  Undertow  (1993),  Ænima  (1996),  Lateralus  (2001), 10,000 Days  (2006), and  Fear Inoculum  (2019); two EPs:  72826  (1991) and  Opiate  (1992), and the limited-edition boxset  Salival  (2000). The band has won four GRAMMY Awards®: Best Metal Performance (1998, “Ænima”), Best Metal Performance (2002, “Schism”), Best Recording Package (2007,  10,000 Days ) and Best Metal Performance (2020, “7empest”). TOOL is Danny Carey (drums), Justin Chancellor (bass), Adam Jones (guitar) and Maynard James Keenan (vocals).

Toolband.com YouTube.com/Toolmusic Instagram.com/Toolmusic Facebook.com/Toolmusic Twitter.com/Tool

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Tool  

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Tool (formed in 1990) is a Grammy Award-winning American alternative metal and art rock band that also lends influences from progressive and psychedelic rock, hailing from Los Angeles, California, U.S.

With dreams of lives in the film industry, bassist Paul D’Amour and guitarist Adam Jones moved to Los Angeles during the 1980s, which is where they met singer Maynard James Keenan and drummer Danny Carey. Upon forming in 1990, the band spent two years performing live shows around Los Angeles, and recording demos to raise their profile. In 1992 Tool signed with Zoo Entertainment, who issued the band’s debut EP “Opiate” the same year. Led by the singles “Hush” and “Opiate”, the record was a hard-hitting, heavy release and was supported with a tour alongside Rollins Band, Fishbone and Rage Against the Machine.

With Nirvana augmenting the successful grunge period of the late eighties and early nineties, Tool toned down the metal themes on their debut full-length, “Undertow”. Released in 1993, the record rose to No. 50 on the Billboard 200, and was marked by its nihilistic and haunting aesthetic. Following the release the band played a successful series of shows on the 1993 Lollapalooza tour, where they moved from the second stage to the main, and were introduced by comedian Bill Hicks.

Tool’s second studio album, “Ænima” was released in March 2003 marked by the departure of bassic D’Amour and arrival of Justin Chancellor. Produced by prog-rock producer David Bottrill, the record was dedicated to the late Bill Hicks, who had shared many of the band’s ideals. Later earning triple platinum certification despite the falling popularity of alternative rock, the record was led by the Grammy-winning titled track and led Tool to become figureheads of alternative metal.

Once again supported by an extensive touring schedule, the band’s third full-length “Lateralus” followed in 2001, this time marked with art rock themes with greater atmospheric accompaniments both visual and auditory. Rising to No. 1 on the Billboard 200, an impressive feat for an alt-metal group, the record spawned the single “Schism”, which went on the win the Grammy for Best Metal Performance in 2001. Two years of solid touring followed, including dates alongside King Crimson, following which the group’s members took time away from Tool to focus on other interests.

Led by the single “Vicarious”, Tool’s fourth full-length album, “10,000 Days”, arrived in May 2006, once again topping the U.S. Billboard 200. Proving not quite as popular as its predecessor, the album’s packaging later won the Grammy for Best Recording Package, and was supported with constant touring alongside Isis and Mastadon.

Live reviews

What a show. I can not believe I never saw Tool in my high school years. I've wasted half of my life not having seen them. There are really three shows when you go to a Tool concert. We'll start from what I saw on the left to what I saw on the right:

1) The visuals. The screen behind the band was CONSTANTLY filled by amazing images and videos. The images and light coming from so many angles could be a show all its own. Beautiful.

2)Duh. The band. Drummer, Guitarist, Bassist, and Maynard's little raised stage area were all lit perfectly well. MJK was wearing riot gear, interestingly enough. The drummer astounded me. They often do, but this guy was surrounded by percussion and made me feel like I was the one in the drummer box. Guitarist and Bassist played with the crowd constantly. Professionals and obviously so thankful for the admiration. What talent in each performer.

3) The crowd. Initially, my wife and I were in the pit and caught the opening act (3Teeth...think Tool, NIN, and Marilyn Manson cloned into a band. We had so much fun with them). After they finished and we got our first round of beers, we made our way to the balcony nearly all the way to the edge stage right. We had full view of the band and it was only then that I realized how packed in people were down below. We got to watch the moshers and laugh at the crowd surfers who were yanked out of the crowd by security as if they were tissues being taken from a kleenex box. I'm so glad we weren't up front. Anytime someone tried recording with their phones (Seriously, idiots. Please stop this), the staff would wave mag-lights into their lenses. Great idea BUT it also menas you're blinding everyone between you and the recorder. I can imagine that'd be a bit jarring.

Great show from beginning to end.

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Rafterian’s profile image

Sometimes it is nearly impossible to remove yourself from your surroundings when attending a concert in a giant corporate arena. While others times, suspension of disbelief is achieved effortlessly. When it comes to a Tool show, the venue itself literally ceases to exist. That was the case at the Pepsi Center last night. Hypnotized by Can Buyukberber’s alien/reptilian visuals and Maynard James Keenan’s deviant psychology, the sold-out crowd took flight on a journey into the furthest reaches of the human mind.

Transitory life was put on hold as we were forced to look inward instead of forward. The words and ideas of controverisial visionaries such as Bill Hicks, Carl Jung, and Karl Marx joined with the industrial heartbeat provided by Danny Carey, Justin Chancellor, and Adam Jones; all while MJK preached the gospel of poisoned religion, astrological phenomenon, unified consciousness, and Armageddon.

Tool shows have shown very little variety since the last album, but that doesn’t mean each one isn’t a unique experience. Like a mushroom or LSD trip, the vehicle and destination are same, but the journey is something completely different each time.

see more at http://ilistensoyoudonthaveto.com/2016/10/27/tool-pepsi-center-10-26-16/

kmartini’s profile image

Been a bucket list band for some time now.... Finally got close enough to make it.

Entertainment value 5

Fan base 10

Maynard remained in the dark the entire performance and once just left the stage for whatever reason letting his fellow band mates play continuous rifts until his return. He made a brief walk across stage after the show was over and the lights turned on.

The extremely long instrumental rifts were TOOL fashion but they could have easily squeezed in 5 more songs if they just dialed that back a bit.

Show lasted just over 2 hours..... Expected a longer show. Everyone did.

No pics or video were allowed except the very last song when Maynard let everyone know they could. This was strictly enforced as a guy was removed for doing so.

They released new album date during the show.

They did not play "Sober".... The one song I was hoping to hear live...

The drummer played some killer solos...

Maynard was sporting a "red and black striped" mohawk.

Overall a pleasant trip.... The fan base truly didn't disappoint by cheering loudly.... And letting TOOL know they were still loved and supported....

I still want to hear "Sober" live..... Ugh

Misfit1075’s profile image

One of the best shows I have ever seen, and I have been to many. This was my 3rd time seeing Tool, and this was their best performance. Danny Carey and Justin Chancellor were having an out of body experience. These guys were playing out of their minds! I have never seen anyone rock a gong the way Danny did. They were both spot on. Tool may have the best rhythm section in the world right now. The light show was amazing as well. The screens and laser effects was out of this world. I personally like the no camera policy these guys have too. It was great to not have to watch a show through someone's phone screen for a change. They did let everyone take out their device for pictures and video on the last song. Nice compromise. As always, the Tulsa crowd was great too. I believe they are the reason Tool keeps coming back here. They get a lot of love from us down here. Now I have to find a way to get to another city and see this one again!

Dajesus’s profile image

I've been a Tool fan since I first saw the video for Sober back on Headbangers Ball with Riki Rachtman (that shows hold old I am), but I've only seen them three times. Let me just say that they don't tour often, and when they do, it's not always close to home, but it is ALWAYS worth the drive/flight! Tool never disappoints and ALWAYS brings their "A game". Danny was sick as hell and STILL brought down the house with his skills! Adam and Justin delivered unrivaled precision on all my faves, well almost all, and I say that just cause I'm greedy and want to hear MORE! Then of course Mr. Maynard James... the dude stands in the background the entire time and lets the rest of the band take the spotlight. The dude is weird as hell... but I wouldn't have it any other way. I love these guys and hope to go to dozens more Tool shows before I kick the bucket. #legendary

essentialjj’s profile image

I expect the sound at the dome to be poor, but, this was utter crap. The floor usually has acceptable sound, and for $150 I expect that I will get my bang for the buck. I got hardly any vocals, and a muddy distorted mess. I also expect to get nothing from Maynard, and we got a little more than that. The band has so little stage presence, that, I ended up watching the impressive visuals probably 80%of the show. And for half of it I even forgot the band was playing. Danny Carey the drummer did his best to take center stage and he did an admirable job, and Justin Chancellor the bassist also attempted to draw some attention. Stoned out of your gourd you will truly appreciate the visuals, but, stay home throw on any or all tool cds,search for visuals and enjoy. Or just watch your screen saver, and you will feel like you are there but better.

god_complx’s profile image

Absolutely incredible show! The sound was perfect, the visuals were spectacular and the band sounded super-tight (no surprise there). That is no easy feat considering the complexity of their music (especially their new material). They're one of the very few bands that actually sound the same or better live than the studio album. Maynard is finally more visible on this tour as they've added two platforms on each side of the drum riser where he crouched, danced, slithered and delivered his exceptional vocals. He even engaged the crowd a little bit, which was shocking. You could tell he and all his band mates are in a good head space and were really enjoying themselves. Truly memorable show from one of the greatest rock bands ever!

ggavros2002’s profile image

Tool concerts tend to stick with you for quite a while. The visuals alone are captivating, inspiring, working with the music, creating a synchronicity few bands have achieved.

Adam Jones is the artistic force that really drives the group, Maynard James Keenan providing lyrical emotion and commentary. Danny Carey and Justin Chancellor take the songs and drive them to a new level with brilliant drum and bass overtures.

The sum of the parts continually push the limits of progressive music and the best way to experience this is in person. I'll always support this band, their creative vision is something to witness, hopefully they will tour and create music for us to consume. If you haven't seen them, do it before they stop!

clew’s profile image

The band was unreal as always.

I attended a Montreal show a couple of years back and this was just as good along with the addition of some new album tracks.

Unfortunately, I can't say the same for the crowd here. The fans were far more connected to the music in Montreal. They understood the ebb and flow.

But, for some reason, we've got fools in Toronto who show up, get trashed and are somehow louder than the band. People here don't seem to get the idea that they're there with 12 - 13 thousand other people so it's really not about them. But, hey, that's the maturity level of kids old enough to drink legally, but not self-aware...

If ever they're back again, I'll see them, but never at Scotia again.

idrissw’s profile image

I have been waiting for over 20 yrs for Tool to come back to Dallas and Jam out. Well that's exactly what TOOL did on 22January2020 in Dallas, TX at American Airlines Arena. From start to end nothing but excellence from all 4 Gentleman. lanyards voice was Top form and the musician's jammed do hard I know they have to have blisters on their fingers. They are a very fine tuned head banging, fist in the air rocking Rock and Roll band of the Decade. If you happen to get a chance to see TOOL within the next 4 shows, only in the states, get there. Because you dont want to miss this show. SHOW OF THE YEAR!!!!! Guaranteed!!!

Penguin1723’s profile image

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Tool European Tour 2024: Dates, Venues, Details + How to Get Tickets

Tool

Calling all Tool fans! The legendary band will be returning to Europe this 2024 and their shows will be bigger than ever! Check out all the details below if you want to snag tickets before it runs out.

According to Anti-Music , the group, consisting of Danny Carey, Maynard James Keenan, Justin Chancellor, and Adam Jones, will be traveling to different cities across Europe next year after the North American tour which will last until February 2024.

This year has been a major success for the band as they were able to play their hit tracks and newer ones in music festivals such as Louder Than Life, Aftershock, Welcome to Rockville, and many more.

We’re returning to Europe and the UK next May and June for twelve headline shows, with support from @NightVerses , and some festival appearances. Tickets for all headline shows go on-sale to the general public this Friday, November 17th, at 10am local time. pic.twitter.com/kylpPsUD6O — TOOL effing TOOL (@Tool) November 14, 2023

For their upcoming shows in Europe, they will be kicking off their series of concerts at the ZAG Arena in Hannover, DE, on May 25, 2024.

Tool European Tour 2024 Tickets

For those who are interested in watching the group perform live, tickets will be available to the general public starting this November 17, 2023, Friday, at 10 a.m. local time.

If you want to get tickets ahead of everyone, the band also has a pre-sale for the TOOL Army. Passes for those members will have a 24-hour window beginning today at 10 a.m. local time.

TOOL Army members will get a chance to buy tickets in advance until the general on-sale begins selling passes.

READ ALSO: Kenny Chesney Tour 2024: Singer Touring With THIS Major Band Next Year - Details

In addition, members could also enjoy some select packages for premium tickets as they will have a chance to have access to the band's sound check, a group photo with the band, exclusive merch, and many more.

Complete information regarding tickets is available on their official website .

Tool European Tour Dates 2024

Check out the band's tour dates in Europe below:

May 25 in Hannover, DE at ZAG Arena May 27 in Amsterdam, NL at Ziggo Dome May 30 in Birmingham, UK at Resorts World Arena June 1 in Manchester, UK at AO Arena June 3 in London, UK The at O2 Arena June 5 in Paris, FR at Accor Arena June 8 in Berlin, DE at Parkbuhne Wuhlheide June 10 in Wien, AT at Wiener Stadthalle June 11 in Krakow, PL at Tauron Arena June 13 in Budapest, HU at BudapestArena June 18 in Koln, DE at Lanxess Arena June 20 in Dessel, BE at Graspop Metal Meeting June 22 in Copenhagen, DK at CopenHell June 25 in Stockholm, SE at Tele2 Arena June 27 in Oslo, NO at Tons of Rock

READ MORE: Lainey Wilson Australian, European Tour 2024: Tour Dates, Special Guests + How to Get Tickets

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Tool TOUR 2023: North American Dates, Tickets, and More Details

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Tool Europe and UK 2024 tour dates announced

  • November 14, 2023 November 14, 2023

As was promised a few days ago , Tool have announced their dates for Europe and the UK in 2024, a few being festivals, and others being stand alone gigs. Details and dates below:

We’re returning to Europe and the UK next May and June for twelve headline shows, with support from @nightverses, and some festival appearances. Tickets for all headline shows go on-sale to the general public this Friday, November 17th, at 10am local time. In advance of the forthcoming on-sale, TOOL Army has opened additional memberships, with pre-sale tickets available EXCLUSIVELY to members for 24 hours, starting TODAY, November 14th at 10am local time. A limited number of VIP packages will also be initially available to TOOL Army members, with remaining options available to the general public as the on-sale begins on November 17th. Select packages include premium tickets, sound check access with group photo, exclusive merchandise & more. Links are in our bio for VIP packages, joining Tool Army, and more info on tour dates. May 25th – Hannover, DE – ZAG Arena May 27th – Amsterdam, NL – Ziggo Dome May 30th – Birmingham, UK – Resorts World Arena June 1st – Manchester, UK – AO Arena June 3rd – London, UK – The O2 June 5th – Paris, FR – Accor Arena June 8th – Berlin, DE – Parkbühne Wuhlheide June 10th – Wien, AT – Wiener Stadthalle June 11th – Kraków, PL – Tauron Arena June 13th – Budapest, HU – Budapestarena June 18th – Köln, DE – Lanxess Arena June 20th – Dessel, BE – Graspop Metal Meeting June 22nd – Copenhagen, DK – Copenhell June 25th – Stockholm, SE – Tele2 Arena June 27th – Oslo, NO – Tons of Rock Festival https://www.instagram.com/p/CzntyzhOqGS/

You can find links to all the relevant pre-sale stuff over on Toolband . Get on it!

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Tool say they’re announcing tour dates “very soon”

Get ready: Tool are set to unveil details of their “upcoming tour dates coming very soon”…

Tool say they’re announcing tour dates “very soon”

They’ve got three massive festival dates lined up for the rest of this year – including the frankly ridiculous mega-fest Power Trip – but it seems as though Tool are planning much more than what’s on their current calendar.

The alternative metal legends have teased that they’ll be announcing a proper tour “very soon”, following the launch of their “new and improved” Tool Army fan club. “Join the new and improved Tool Army, now powered by TopFan, for special merch and perks, including exclusive pre-sale to Tool headlining shows and early access to VIP packages,” reads the message. “More [details] for our upcoming tour dates coming very soon.”

This time last year, of course, the band had been in the UK for their incredible Fear Inoculum run. Reviewing their London show , Kerrang! reflected how “impossible” it was to put together the perfect Tool setlist.

“It's a puzzle to put it together, no doubt,” we wrote. “But changing bits up every night means no matter how good one show is (immaculate, sublime, additional synonyms for ‘it was very excellent’), the other night’s grass will always have greener patches. Nicer problems to have. The solution to which, of course, is to go and see more Tool shows.”

Hopefully that ‘problem’ will be rectified very soon, then…

Read this: “The beauty of not understanding it is letting it stay alive”: The untold story of Tool’s Lateralus

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Tool announce UK and Europe tour for 2024

Tool announce UK and Europe tour for 2024

Tool will make their return to the UK and Europe for an arena and festival tour this summer

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Tool are hitting the road early next year for a massive tour with Elder – and the run includes two nights at New York’s iconic Madison Square Garden.

Tool have announced a North American headline tour

Tool have announced a North American headline tour

Kicking off with some massive festival dates, Tool will extensively be touring North America this autumn…

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TOOL plotting "big tour" for fall 2023

tool PRESS 2019 3, Travis Shinn

Outside of their headlining festival appearances at Florida's Welcome to Rockville (May 21st) and Ohio's Sonic Temple (May 25th), TOOL  have no other shows on the schedule for 2023. At least not yet. According to drummer  Danny Carey , the alt-metal giants are planning a "big tour" that's set to go down later this fall, presumably throughout North America. 

The drummer spilled the beans during a video acceptance speech for Drumeo, who bestowed him with the title of "Progressive Drummer of the Year." After doling out the proper "thank yous" for his award, Carey ended his speech by giving TOOL fans a taste of what the band has in-store for later in 2023. 

"I hope to see you out there on the road in 2023," Carey said. "We have a big tour coming in the fall, a few festivals in the summertime."

That's not a whole lot to go on, but it's enough to get us pumped at the prospect of an oncoming slew of TOOL dates. Drumeo is a website that offers video lessons and tutorials for drummers of all experience levels, and since it's based in Canada, we have to imagine Carey was directing that tour tease at North American viewers (it could very well be a world tour, as well). 

See Carey's spiel below and stay tuned for more details.

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Tool Announces Dates For 2023 North American Fall Tour

Outing includes the band's first Canadian gigs since before the pandemic.

By Gil Kaufman

Gil Kaufman

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Maynard Keenan of Tool

Tool are hitting the road this fall. The prog rockers announced the dates for a North American tour on Tuesday morning (June 6), including their first Canadian shows since 2019. The fall outing will compliment the band’s previously announced summer festival gigs with six weeks of new non-fest shows slated to kick off on Oct. 3 in Loveland, CO at the Budweiser Event Center.

Tool’s Maynard James Keenan Says Drag Outfit Had Nothing to Do With Florida Law: ‘I’m Not a…

Trending on billboard.

Singer Maynard James Keenan made news last month when he wore what appeared to be drag during a set at Daytona Beach’s Welcome to Rockville Festival, that seemed at first to be a reaction to the series of  controversial bills  signed by Gov. Ron DeSantis recently that ban minors from attending  drag  shows. But the vocalist who often wears women’s clothes and bizarre costumes on stage later said the choice was personal, not political.

“I’ve been cross-dressing since long before these clickbait-junkie dupes were out of diapers,” he told The Messenger . “And that’s really all there is to it. I’m not a political fella — had nothing to do with Florida.”

Check out the dates for Tool’s 2023 fall tour below.

Sept. 22 — Louisville, KY @ Louder Than Life Festival

Oct. 3 Loveland, CO @ Budweiser Event Center

Oct. 6 — Sacramento, CA @ Aftershock Festival

Oct. 8 — Indio, CA @ Power Trip

Oct. 12 — Idaho Falls, ID @ Mountain America Center

Oct. 14 — Nampa, ID @ Ford Idaho Center

Oct. 15 — Spokane, WA @ Spokane Arena

Oct. 17 — Eugene, OR @ Matthew Knight Center

Oct. 19 — Portland, OR @ Moda Center

Oct. 20 — Tacoma, WA @ Tacoma Dome

Oct. 22 — Kelowna, BC @ Prospera Place Arena

Oct. 23 — Vancouver, BC @ Rogers Arena

Oct. 25 Edmonton, AB Rogers Place

Oct. 27 — Calgary, AB @ Scotiabank Saddledome

Oct. 29 — Winnipeg, MB @ Canada Life Center

Oct. 31 — St. Paul, MN @ Xcel Energy Center

Nov. 1 — Milwaukee, WI @ Fiserv Forum

Nov. 3 — Knoxville, TN @ Thompson-Boiling Arena

Nov. 4 — Charleston, WV @ Charleston Coliseum

Nov. — 6 Rochester, NY @ Blue Cross Arena

Nov. 7 — Allentown, PA @ PPL Center

Nov. 10 — Uncasville, CT @ Mohegan Sun Arena

Nov. 13 — Manchester, NH @ SNHU Arena

Nov. 15 — Boston, MA @ TD Garden

Nov. 16 — Philadelphia, PA @ Wells Fargo Center

Nov. 19 — Montreal, QC @ Bell Center

Nov. 20 – Toronto, ON @ Scotiabank Arena

Nov. 21 — Toronto, ON @ Scotiabank Arena

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Loudwire

Tool Announce 2023 North American Tour Dates

Tool have announced a 2023 North American tour that's set to kick off this fall.

The run begins with a Sept. 22 appearance at the Louder Than Life Festival and after that, it's back out on the road from Oct. 3 through Nov. 21 as the band makes stops in the U.S. and Canada with additional festival stops (Aftershock, Power Trip) in the mix as well.

See all of the upcoming dates below and look for non-festival tickets to go on sale on June 9 at 10AM local time. Pre-sale tickets, meanwhile, will be offered to the Tool Army starting June 8 at 10AM local time. Head here for additional Tool Army information.

READ MORE:  Every Tool Song Ranked

In late February, Adam Jones shared a video on his Instagram story rehearsing the  10,000 Days  track "Rosetta Stoned" with Justin Chancellor and Danny Carey. The band's fans were freaked out on Reddit over the clip because the song hasn't been played much at all over the last decade. They performed it a handful of times in 2018, and prior to that, it hadn't been part of their setlist since 2009, so perhaps we'll see the rockers bring it back around during this upcoming run.

Tool 2023 North American Tour Dates

Sept. 22 — Louisville, Ky. @ Louder Than Life Festival Oct. 03 — Loveland, Colo. @ Budweiser Event Center Oct. 06 — Sacramento, Calif. @ Aftershock Festival Oct. 08 — Indio, Calif. @ Power Trip Oct. 11 — Salt Lake City, Utah @ Delta Center Oct. 12 — Idaho Falls, Idaho @ Mountain America Center Oct. 14 — Nampa, Idaho @ Ford Idaho Center Oct. 15 — Spokane, Wash. @ Spokane Arena Oct. 17 — Eugene, Ore. @ Matthew Knight Center Oct. 19 — Portland, Ore. @ Moda Center Oct. 20 — Tacoma, Wash. @ Tacoma Dome Oct. 22 — Kelowna, British Columbia @ Prospera Place Arena Oct. 23 — Vancouver, British Columbia @ Rogers Arena Oct. 25 — Edmonton, Alberta @ Rogers Place Oct. 27 — Calgary, Alberta @ Scotiabank Saddledome Oct. 29 — Winnipeg, Manitoba @ Canada Life Center Oct. 31 — St. Paul, Minn. @ Xcel Energy Center Nov. 01 — Milwaukee, Wis. @ Fiserv Forum Nov. 03 — Knoxville, Tenn. @ Thompson-Boiling Arena Nov. 04 — Charleston, W.V. @ Charleston Coliseum Nov. 06 — Rochester, N.Y. @ Blue Cross Arena Nov. 07 — Allentown, Pa. @ PPL Center Nov. 10 — Uncasville, Ct. @ Mohegan Sun Arena Nov. 13 — Manchester, N.H. @ SNHU Arena Nov. 15 — Boston, Mass. @ TD Garden Nov. 16 — Philadelphia, Pa. @ Wells Fargo Center Nov. 19 — Montreal, Quebec @ Bell Center Nov. 20 — Toronto, Ontario @ Scotiabank Arena Nov. 21 — Toronto, Ontario @ Scotiabank Arena

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TOOL Announce Dates For 2023 North American Tour

TOOL return to the road this Fall, expanding on their recently announced festival appearances (Power Trip, Aftershock and Louder Than Life) with an additional six weeks of performances, including the band’s first Canadian dates since 2019.

The tour announcement follows TOOL’s debut live performances of 2023, headlining both Welcome to Rockville and the Sonic Temple Art & Music Festival in recent weeks.

Tickets for all non-festival shows are on-sale this Friday, June 9 at 10 am local time. In advance of the forthcoming on-sale, TOOL Army has opened additional memberships, with pre-sale tickets available exclusively to members on June 8 at 10 am local time. A limited number of VIP packages will also be initially available to TOOL Army members, with remaining options, including premium tickets, soundcheck access, exclusive merchandise and more, available to the general public as the on-sale begins on June 9.

tool tour europe 2023

TOOL Tour Dates 2023:

September 22 Louisville, KY Louder Than Life Festival

October 3 Loveland, CO Budweiser Event Center

October 6 Sacramento, CA Aftershock Festival

October 8 Indio, CA Power Trip

October 10 Salt Lake City, UT Delta Center

October 12 Idaho Falls, ID Mountain America Center

October 14 Nampa, ID Ford Idaho Center

October 15 Spokane, WA Spokane Arena

October 17 Eugene, OR Matthew Knight Center

October 19 Portland, OR Moda Center

October 20 Tacoma, WA Tacoma Dome

October 22 Kelowna, BC Prospera Place Arena

October 23 Vancouver, BC Rogers Arena

October 25 Edmonton, AB Rogers Place

October 27 Calgary, AB Scotiabank Saddledome

October 29 Winnipeg, MB Canada Life Center

October 31 St. Paul, MN Xcel Energy Center

November 1 Milwaukee, WI Fiserv Forum

November 3 Knoxville, TN Thompson-Boiling Arena

November 4 Charleston, WV Charleston Coliseum

November 6 Rochester, NY Blue Cross Arena

November 7 Allentown, PA PPL Center

November 10 Uncasville, CT Mohegan Sun Arena

November 13 Manchester, NH SNHU Arena

November 15 Boston, MA TD Garden

November 16 Philadelphia, PA Wells Fargo Center

November 19 Montreal, QC Bell Center

November 20 Toronto, ON Scotiabank Arena

November 21 Toronto, ON Scotiabank Arena

Since the 2019 release of TOOL’s critically-acclaimed album, Fear Inoculum , the band has won a GRAMMY Award® (Best Metal Performance for “7empest”), completed sold-out tours of both the U.S. and Europe, and headlined Bonnaroo, Welcome to Rockville and the Sonic Temple Arts & Music Festival. TOOL marked the 30th anniversary of the Opiate EP with the 2022 release of “ Opiate 2 ,” a re-imagining of the EP’s title track, released in tandem with a breathtaking, 10-minute short film crafted by Adam Jones and visual artist Dominic Hailstone (“Alien: Covenant”, “The Eel”).

Reviews from TOOL’s sold-out 2022 tours praised the four-piece, with Loudwiredubbing the performances as “a masterclass of immersion, sound and stage design, musicianship… and levels of ungodly tightness.” The Austin Chronicle described the incomparable live experience as an “unbridled exchange of catharsis between performers and fans.” More recently, Revolver, covering Welcome to Rockville 2023, said “TOOL delivered a stunning… set featuring classic fan favorites, newer Fear Inoculum standouts and choice deeper cuts … the striking visuals also included a psychedelic laser and projections show bar none.”

ABOUT TOOL: TOOL formed in 1990, releasing five studio albums: Undertow (1993), Ænima(1996), Lateralus (2001),10,000 Days (2006), and Fear Inoculum (2019); two EPs: 72826 (1991) and Opiate (1992), and the limited-edition boxset Salival (2000). The band has won four GRAMMY Awards®: Best Metal Performance (1998, “Ænima”), Best Metal Performance (2002, “Schism”), Best Recording Package (2007, 10,000 Days) and Best Metal Performance (2020, “7empest”). TOOL is Danny Carey (drums), Justin Chancellor (bass), Adam Jones (guitar) and Maynard James Keenan (vocals).

Connect with TOOL:

Toolband.com

YouTube.com/Toolmusic

Instagram.com/Toolmusic

Facebook.com/Toolmusic

Twitter.com/Tool

tool tour europe 2023

Jason Price founded the mighty Icon Vs. Icon more than a decade ago. Along the way, he’s assembled an amazing group of like-minded individuals to spread the word on some of the most unique people and projects on the pop culture landscape.

PICK OF THE WEEK

FARSCAPE: THE COMPLETE SERIES (25TH ANNIVERSARY EDITION)

The European Qualifications Framework

The EU developed the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) as a translation tool to make national qualifications easier to understand and more comparable. The EQF seeks to support cross-border mobility of learners and workers, promote lifelong learning and professional development across Europe.

What is the EQF?

The EQF is an 8-level , learning outcomes-based framework for all types of qualifications that serves as a translation tool between different national qualifications frameworks. This framework helps improve transparency, comparability and portability of people’s qualifications and makes it possible to compare qualifications from different countries and institutions.

The EQF covers all types and all levels of qualifications and the use of learning outcomes makes it clear what a person knows, understands and is able to do. The level increases according to the level of proficiency, level 1 is the lowest and 8 the highest level. Most importantly the EQF is closely linked to national qualifications frameworks , this way it can provide a comprehensive map of all types and levels of qualifications in Europe, which are increasingly accessible through qualification databases.

The EQF was set up in 2008 and later revised in 2017 . Its revision has kept the core objectives of creating transparency and mutual trust in the landscape of qualifications in Europe. Member States committed themselves to further develop the EQF and make it more effective in facilitating the understanding of national, international and third-country qualifications by employers, workers and learners.

Which countries are involved?

In addition to the EU Member States another 11 countries work towards implementing the EQF, namely Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (European Economic Area countries), Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Türkiye (candidate countries), Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo ** (potential candidates) and Switzerland.

Who else is involved?

EQF Advisory Group (AG),established in 2008, is the central forum for discussion between the Commission, countries and stakeholders from the world of education and training, employment and civil society. The role of the AG is to ensure overall coherence and promote transparency, and trust in the process of referencing. Minutes and documents of the EQF Advisory Group meetings are published on the Register of Commission Expert Groups

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop) and the European Training Foundation (ETF) , as European Agencies, play an important role in supporting the implementation of the EQF.  

The ENIC/NARIC network  is a network of national centres set up to directly support institutions and citizens with the recognition of academic qualifications.

Man comparing EQF levels

The EQF works together with other European and international instruments supporting the recognition of qualifications.

  • The Council Recommendation of 26 November 2018 on promoting automatic mutual recognition of higher education and upper secondary education and training qualifications and the outcomes of learning periods abroad refers to the EQF as a way to foster transparency and build trust between national education and training systems
  • Directive 2005/36/EC addresses the recognition of professional qualifications in the EU , enabling professionals to move across borders and practise their occupation or provide services abroad
  • The Lisbon recognition convention is an international agreement administered by UNESCO and the Council of Europe that allows for the recognition of academic qualifications in Europe and beyond;
  • The EQF is compatible with the Qualifications Framework for the European Higher Education Area and its cycle descriptors. The framework was agreed by education ministers of the intergovernmental Bologna Process in 2005.

What is the referencing process?

The EQF Recommendation invites Member States to reference their national qualifications frameworks or systems to the EQF, in order to establish a clear and transparent relationship between their national qualification levels and the eight EQF levels. Member States are recommended to review and update, when relevant, the referencing of the levels of the national qualifications frameworks or systems to the levels of the EQF.

Each country wanting to relate its national qualifications levels to the EQF has to prepare a detailed referencing report that follows the 10 EQF referencing criteria agreed in Annex III to the revised EQF Recommendation.  National referencing reports are presented to the EQF Advisory Group which endorses them if they satisfy the referencing criteria.

Once national frameworks are referenced to the EQF all newly issued qualifications (e.g. certificates, diplomas, certificate supplements, diploma supplements), and/or qualifications databases should in principle contain a clear reference to the appropriate EQF and NQF level.

Find support through EU services

Professional qualifications in the eu, european higher education area and bologna process, cedefop-eqf, you may be interested to read.

Billiard ball with numbers 1 and 8

Description of the eight EQF levels

Two small spirit levels

Compare qualifications frameworks

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National Qualifications Frameworks

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Despite a succession of new shocks, the international role of the euro remained resilient in 2022. This was a year that saw the onset of Russia’s war in Ukraine, a rise in economic sanctions and a substantial increase in geopolitical risks – all with potential repercussions for the international monetary system. However, the share of the euro across various indicators of international currency use continued to average close to 20%. The euro remained the second most important currency globally.

This resilience was noteworthy in a context of rising inflationary pressures worldwide – in part owing to war-related energy and food price increases – which led to tighter monetary policies across major economies and higher interest rates on the main international currencies.

But there are developments ahead to monitor for the euro as an international currency. This year’s report discusses the future of the international monetary system following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, reviewing the available evidence. So far, the data do not show substantial changes in the use of international currencies. However, they do suggest that international currency status should not be taken for granted.

This new landscape increases the onus on European policymakers to create the conditions for the euro to thrive. Its international role is primarily supported by a deeper and more complete Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), including advancing the capital markets union, in the context of the pursuit of sound economic policies in the euro area. The Eurosystem supports these policies and emphasises the need for further efforts to complete EMU. Further European economic and financial integration will be pivotal in increasing the resilience of the international role of the euro in a potentially more fragmented world economy.

The ECB will continue to monitor developments and publish information on the international role of the euro on a regular basis.

Christine Lagarde President

1 Main findings

This 22nd annual review of the international role of the euro presents an overview of developments in the use of the euro by non-euro area residents. The report covers developments in 2022. This was a year that saw the onset of Russia’s war in Ukraine and a substantial increase in geopolitical risks with potential repercussions for the international monetary system. Rising inflationary pressures globally – in part coming from war-related energy and food price increases – and tighter monetary policies in major economies led to higher interest rates on the main international currencies.

Against this challenging background, a composite index of the international role of the euro remained resilient over the review period ( Chart 1 ). Adjusting for exchange rate valuation effects, the index increased by around 1.3 percentage points. At current exchange rates, it remained largely unchanged. The share of the euro across various indicators of international currency use averaged close to 20%. The euro remained the second most important currency in the international monetary system ( Chart 2 ).

Chart 1

The international role of the euro was resilient in 2022

Composite index of the international role of the euro

(percentages; at current and constant Q4 2022 exchange rates; four-quarter moving averages)

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: Bank for International Settlements (BIS), International Monetary Fund (IMF), CLS Bank International, Ilzetzki, Reinhart and Rogoff (2019) and ECB calculations. Notes: Arithmetic average of the shares of the euro at constant (current) exchange rates in stocks of international bonds, loans by banks outside the euro area to borrowers outside the euro area, deposits with banks outside the euro area from creditors outside the euro area, global foreign exchange settlements, global foreign exchange reserves and global exchange rate regimes. The estimates for the share of the euro in global exchange rate regimes are based on IMF data for the period post-2010; pre-2010 shares were estimated using data from Ilzetzki, E., Reinhart, C. and Rogoff, K. (2019), “ Exchange Arrangements Entering the 21st Century: which anchor will hold? ”, Quarterly Journal of Economics , Vol. 134, Issue 2, May, pp. 599-646. The latest observation is for the fourth quarter of 2022.

Chart 2

The euro remained the second most important currency in the international monetary system

Snapshot of the international monetary system

(percentages)

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: BIS, IMF, Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) and ECB calculations. Notes: The latest data for foreign exchange reserves, international debt and international loans are for the fourth quarter of 2022. SWIFT data are for December 2022. Foreign exchange turnover data are as at April 2022. *Since transactions in foreign exchange markets always involve two currencies, shares add up to 200%.

The share of the euro in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves increased in 2022 by 0.5 percentage points to 20.5%, when measured at constant exchange rates ( Table 1 ). The share of the US dollar declined by more than 2 percentage points, while the share of the renminbi was substantially unchanged. Box 1 examines whether the renminbi could play a stronger role as an international reserve currency despite China’s lack of full financial account openness. A strong dollar and large changes in the price of bonds issued by major economies encouraged official reserve managers to manage their portfolios actively in 2022. Net official purchases of assets denominated in currencies other than the US dollar increased, offsetting valuation effects arising from the dollar’s appreciation – which mechanically raised the share of the US dollar in official reserve portfolios at current exchange rates. Whether inflation developments influenced the decisions of official foreign exchange reserve investors is unclear, as shown by the poor correlation between changes in the share of major currencies in global foreign exchange reserves and inflation rates in the issuing economies. Box 3 discusses how these developments are not exceptional and reflect conventional reserve management strategies by central banks. Interest rates are another factor which can influence the management of reserve portfolios. While interest rates in the euro area returned to positive territory, they remained lower than in other major economies, which could have discouraged rebalancing to euro-denominated assets. Box 2 shows that interest rate differentials are important determinants in the active rebalancing of the government debt portfolios of a sample of US mutual fund managers, much as they influence investment decisions of official reserve managers. [ 1 ] Finally, heightened geopolitical risks might have played a role in the investment decisions of official reserve managers in some countries. Special Feature A shows that the accumulation of gold as an official reserve asset was especially strong in countries that are geopolitically close to China and Russia. This may be because such countries are looking to reduce their exposure to the risk of financial sanctions. Higher inflation globally might confound these developments, however, insofar as gold is traditionally seen as a hedge against inflationary risks.

Other indicators of the international role of the euro tracked in this report also point to a noteworthy resilience in the attractiveness of the euro ( Table 1 ). The share of the euro in the outstanding stock of international debt securities increased by more than 1 percentage point to 22.0% in 2022 compared with the previous year, when measured at constant exchange rates. The shares of the euro in the outstanding stocks of international loans and international deposits rose by around 2.4 and 1.5 percentage points, respectively, in 2022. The share of the euro in foreign exchange settlements also increased by almost 3 percentage points to around 38%, when measured at constant exchange rates, over the review period. However, the latest BIS Triennial Survey points to a decline in the share of the euro in global foreign exchange turnover of around 1.8 percentage points since 2019, to 30.5%, owing to the relatively stronger growth of trading in other currencies, such as the US dollar and the renminbi. Box 4 shows that the City of London remained the main venue for foreign exchange trading in euro and that the United Kingdom’s importance for international financial activities in euro did not change materially after Brexit, albeit with a few exceptions. The international role of the euro in foreign currency bond issuance, including the issuance of international green bonds, was substantially stable. Finally, the share of the euro in the invoicing of extra-euro area imports and exports did not change significantly. The impact of Russia’s war in Ukraine on the international role of the euro was particularly visible in the form of a temporary surge in net shipments of euro cash outside the euro area, presumably for precautionary reasons ( Box 5 ). This reversed in the second half of 2022 on the back of higher interest rates and opportunity costs of holding cash ( Section 2.5 ).

As stressed in last year’s edition of this report, the European Union’s economic and financial resilience to the current geopolitical challenges underlines the strength of the international role of the euro. The international role of the euro is primarily supported by a deeper and more complete Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), including advancing the capital markets union, in the context of the pursuit of sound economic policies in the euro area. The Eurosystem supports these policies and emphasises the need for further efforts to complete EMU.

This year’s report includes three special features . The first special feature sheds light on the debate surrounding the future of the international monetary system following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, reviewing the available evidence. Shortly after the invasion, several packages of sanctions were imposed on Russia, including the freezing of nearly half of the Russian central bank’s foreign exchange reserves and the exclusion of several Russian banks from SWIFT, the dominant financial messaging system for cross-border payments. Some observers noted that these sanctions may encourage countries that are not fully aligned with the United States geopolitically to cut their exposures to the currencies of sanctioning countries, while others were more sceptical and pointed to challenges in moving away from the major international currencies. The special feature shows that evidence of a potential fragmentation of the international monetary system since Russia’s invasion is so far mainly restricted to announcements and specific cases and is not indicative of broader trends. Anecdotal evidence, including official statements, points to the intention of some countries to develop the use of alternatives to the sanctioned currencies, such as the renminbi, the rouble and the Indian rupee, for the invoicing of international trade – notably in commodities. There is also evidence that Russia has been using the Chinese renminbi to a significantly greater extent for international invoicing and cross-border payments in the past few months. However, on the whole, the available data do not show substantial changes in the use of international currencies. One noteworthy development is evidence of diversification into gold by countries that are geopolitically close to China and Russia, perhaps in an attempt to reduce their risk of exposure to sanctions.

The second special feature aims to give a broader perspective to ongoing discussions on the future of the international monetary system and reviews the evidence – both old and new – on how one leading international currency is replaced by another. The conventional historical narrative is that inertia in international currency use is substantial – it takes a long time for a challenger currency to replace the incumbent unit as the presence of network externalities gives rise to lock-in effects. However, one interesting exception is the invoicing of trade by countries neighbouring the euro area, where the euro overtook the US dollar in the space of a few years, i.e. between 1999 – the year of the euro’s creation – and 2019. Two competing hypotheses may explain these developments: a trade shock – in which stronger trade links with the euro area tilted invoicing towards the euro – and an exchange rate volatility shock – in which growing use of the euro as an exchange rate anchor spilled over to invoicing. New evidence from ECB staff research gives support to the first hypothesis, finding that a trade shock is a key determinant of the stronger role of the euro for invoicing international trade in countries neighbouring the euro area. In countries where trade links with the euro area increased, the shock accounts for almost 40% (on average) of the rise in the share of exports invoiced in euro between 1999 and 2019. By contrast, the impact of greater exchange rate stability against the euro is found to be statistically insignificant. Moreover, the estimates point to significant cross-country effects – the fact that countries’ invoicing currency choices are not just impacted by their own trade patterns and exchange rate volatilities, but also by those of their trade partners and competitors. These findings have implications for policy. They suggest that in response to the pandemic shock and the war in Ukraine, the reshoring or “friendshoring” of production chains could lead to stronger regional trade, notably on the European continent and, in turn, to a stronger role of the euro for invoicing international trade, with the caveat that such a reversal in global economic integration would bring other economic costs.

The third special feature looks at the role of international currencies in global finance. It provides insights into determinants of currency choice in cross-border bank lending, including bilateral distance, measures of linkages to the issuer countries through finance, trade and the use of vehicle currencies for trade invoicing. The special feature pinpoints several new facts. It highlights the centrality of the City of London for euro-denominated loans, albeit with tentative signs of adverse Brexit effects. It shows that offshore financial centres play a pivotal role in the international network of cross-border loans denominated in US dollars, which largely reflects lending to non-bank financial intermediaries (such as investment banks, finance companies, mutual funds, pension funds and insurance companies) in the Cayman Islands. Moreover, empirical estimates suggest that euro-denominated loans are driven by gravity effects, pointing to a stronger role of the euro in the immediate vicinity of the euro area, in contrast to US dollar loans which have a more global outreach. Finally, there is evidence that complementarity effects between trade invoicing and bank lending decisions – which are predicted to be significant according to recent theoretical models of international currency use – are stronger for the euro than for the US dollar.

Table 1

The international role of the euro from different perspectives

Summary of data in this report

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: BIS, CLS Bank International, Dealogic, IMF, national sources and ECB calculations. Notes: An increase in the euro nominal effective exchange rate indicates an appreciation of the euro. For foreign exchange trading, currency shares add up to 200% because transactions always involve two currencies.

Box 1 Internationalisation of the renminbi and capital account openness

Prepared by Barry Eichengreen (UC Berkeley), Camille Macaire (Banque de France), Arnaud Mehl, Eric Monnet (Paris School of Economics) and Alain Naef (Banque de France)

Why doesn’t the currency of the second largest economy in the world play a more consequential reserve currency role? The share of the Chinese renminbi in global reserve portfolios, at about 3%, pales in comparison with those of the US dollar (about 60%) and the euro (about 20%). [ 2 ] What explains the difference?

2 Key developments

2.1 use of the euro as an international reserve and investment currency.

The share of the euro in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves increased in 2022 when measured at constant exchange rates. At the end of 2022, official investors held about €11.4 trillion (USD 12.0 trillion) in foreign exchange reserves. Total foreign exchange reserves declined by more than 7 percentage points, when measured at current exchange rates, compared with the previous year ( Table 1 ). The share of the euro in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves increased by 0.5 percentage points to 20.5% in 2022 when measured at constant exchange rates ( Chart 3 ). By contrast, the share of the euro remained broadly stable, declining by about 0.1 percentage points, when measured at current exchange rates ( Chart 5 ). Overall, in the past seven years the share of the euro in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves has remained within a relatively narrow range.

Chart 3

The share of the euro in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves increased in 2022

Shares of the euro, US dollar and other currencies in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves

(percentages; at constant Q4 2022 exchange rates)

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: IMF and ECB calculations. Note: The latest observation is for the fourth quarter of 2022.

Interest rates and fixed-income yields on highly-rated euro area government bonds turned positive in 2022, although they remained lower than in other major economies. Interest rate differentials with other major advanced economies widened over the course of 2022, except with Japan. For instance, euro area long-term interest rates remained lower by around 200 basis points compared with the United States and about 150 basis points compared with the United Kingdom, which could have discouraged rebalancing to euro-denominated assets ( Chart 4 ). Box 2 shows how interest rate differentials are important determinants of active rebalancing for US mutual fund managers across currencies within their portfolios of government debt securities, [ 3 ] which is consistent with evidence from the literature for official reserve managers. [ 4 ]

Average interest rates in the euro area in positive territory but lower than in several advanced economies in 2022

Five-year and one-month interest rate in the major economies in 2022

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: Refinitiv Datastream, BIS, S&P Global and ECB calculations. Note: The five-year government yield for the euro area is calculated as a debt-weighted average of five-year euro area yields of sovereigns with a Standard & Poor’s credit rating of at least AA.

A strong dollar and rising policy interest rates encouraged official reserve managers to manage their portfolios actively in 2022, to a large extent offsetting the valuation effects arising from exchange rate and bond price movements. In 2022 the share of the US dollar – the major global reserve currency – remained stable at around 58.4%, when measured at current exchange rates, although it declined by about 2.2 percentage points at constant exchange rates. Reserve managers sold an estimated USD 293 billion of US dollar assets in the review period. Net purchases of currencies other than the US dollar largely offset the impact of valuation effects stemming from the US dollar’s appreciation – which mechanically raises the share of the US dollar in official reserve portfolios. Net purchases of euro-denominated reserves by official investors reached an estimated €50 billion (USD 53 billion) in the review period. [ 5 ] Not only did the share of the euro increase at constant exchange rates but also the share of currencies other than the euro and the US dollar – by about 1.7 percentage points in the review period ( Chart 3 ). In particular, the share of official reserve assets denominated in Japanese yen and pound sterling both increased by 0.5 percentage points, while the share of other major reserve currencies remained broadly stable ( Chart 5 ). These developments are not exceptional and reflect conventional reserve management strategies by central banks. During periods of strong dollar appreciation reserve managers tend to stabilise the composition of their portfolios by selling dollar assets and purchasing assets in other major currencies, such as the euro ( Box 3 ). In addition, foreign exchange interventions aiming at stabilising the exchange rate of the domestic currency against the US dollar or limiting its volatility become more likely when the US dollar appreciates, particularly in emerging markets, explaining net sales of US dollar-denominated reserve assets. According to a regular survey conducted by the investment bank UBS, rising interest rates in the US and inflation represented one of the main concerns for the investment of foreign exchange reserves. [ 6 ] The extent to which current inflation developments influenced the decisions of official foreign exchange reserve investors is not entirely clear as shown by the limited correlation between changes in the share of major currencies in global foreign exchange reserves and inflation rates in the issuing economies in 2022 ( Chart 6 ).

Chart 5

Official reserve managers tried to manage their portfolios actively to offset the effects of a strong US dollar

Change in the share of selected currencies in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves

(percentage points; at current and constant Q4 2022 exchange rates)

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: IMF and ECB calculations.

Chart 6

Inflation developments are uncorrelated with changes in the currency composition of foreign exchange reserves

Correlation between changes in the share of selected currencies in global official holdings of foreign exchange reserves and inflation in 2022

(x-axis: annual percentage changes in consumer price indices in 2022; y-axis: percentage point changes in currency shares of foreign exchange reserves, at constant exchange rates)

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: IMF and ECB calculations. Note: The latest observation of the foreign exchange reserve data is for the fourth quarter of 2022 .

Box 2 Investment funds and search for yield within the sovereign debt market of highly-rated issuers

Prepared by Tamar den Besten, Marco Graziano [ 7 ] and Maurizio Michael Habib

To what extent do investors reallocate their portfolios of safe assets across major currencies in search for higher returns? In previous years, survey evidence suggested that relatively low yields in euro area fixed-income markets might have been a factor in moderating the global appeal of the euro as a reserve and investment currency. [ 8 ] The empirical evidence presented in this box indicates that investors tend to reallocate their portfolio of safe assets in response to changes in yields across major currencies.

Box 3 Valuation effects and rebalancing of official foreign exchange reserves

Prepared by Tamar den Besten, Massimo Ferrari Minesso and Maurizio Michael Habib

Movements in the exchange rates of major reserve currencies as well as in the market prices of securities held by central banks may have a significant impact on the currency composition of official foreign exchange reserves, when measured at current exchange rates. For instance, a broad US dollar appreciation, as was the case in 2022, mechanically increases the share of the US dollar, as other currencies lose value against that currency. Similarly, if yields increase, the market value of bonds falls, leading to a stronger decline in the value of reserve assets denominated in currencies experiencing the largest decreases in bond prices. These developments, as noted by Chinn et al. (2022) [ 9 ] , confound active reserve management strategies through changes in the value of the underlying assets. This box reviews the evidence of the importance of these valuation effects for the adjustment of currency portfolios by reserve managers against the background of large fluctuations in exchange rates and bond prices seen in the past year.

2.2 The euro in global foreign exchange markets

The euro remained the second most actively traded currency in global foreign exchange markets after the US dollar. The share of the euro in global foreign exchange settlements increased slightly in 2022, according to data from the CLS system, standing at almost 38% in the fourth quarter of 2022 ( Chart 7, panel a ) – an increase of almost 3 percentage points from the previous year when measured at constant exchange rates. [ 10 ] By contrast, the share of the US dollar decreased by more than 6 percentage points, although the US dollar remained the leading currency in global foreign exchange settlements – being involved in almost 90% of all settlements in the fourth quarter of 2022. [ 11 ] Volumes of euro settlements increased by over 20% in the fourth quarter of 2022 compared with the previous year, consistent with trends in the past few years ( Chart 7, panel b ).

The latest evidence from the Triennial Central Bank Survey of foreign exchange and over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives markets, conducted by the BIS in April 2022, showed that the share of the euro decreased by 1.8 percentage points compared with the previous survey conducted in 2019 ( Chart 8, panel a ). [ 12 ] Global foreign exchange turnover increased by 14% compared with 2019, reaching USD 7.5 trillion. Overall, the US dollar remained the most used currency, being on one side of almost 90% of total OTC transactions, a share that is broadly stable compared with earlier surveys. Meanwhile, the euro was used in 31% of all trades, thereby remaining the second most actively traded currency. [ 13 ] Volumes of OTC trade in euro increased by USD 167 billion (or about 8%) relative to 2019, compared with even stronger increases for the US dollar and the Chinese renminbi of USD 830 billion (or about 14%) and USD 241 billion (or about 85%) respectively. The Chinese renminbi thus exhibited the largest increase in market share since the 2019 survey, being on one side of 7% of all trades in 2022 (up from 4% in 2019) to become the fifth most traded currency. The Japanese yen and pound sterling were on one side of 17% and 13% of all trades respectively, largely unchanged compared with the previous survey. Global foreign exchange trading activity involving the euro is concentrated in the United Kingdom, which accounts for more than 42% of total trading, as well as in the United States, the euro area, Hong Kong SAR, Singapore and Switzerland ( Chart 8, panel b ). Relative to the 2019 survey, euro foreign exchange (FX) trading activity in the United Kingdom contracted by 6 percentage points, standing close to the level prevailing at the time of the 2016 Brexit referendum.

The euro remained the second most important currency in global foreign exchange settlements

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: ECB calculations based on CLS Bank International data. Note: As two currencies are involved in each transaction, the sum of the percentage shares of individual currencies totals 200% instead of 100%. The latest observation is for the fourth quarter of 2022.

The share of the euro in global OTC transactions decreased slightly in the latest BIS Triennial Survey compared with the previous survey

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: BIS and ECB calculations. Notes: As two currencies are involved in each transaction, the sum of the percentage shares of individual currencies totals 200% instead of 100%. Adjusted for local and cross-border inter-dealer double-counting (i.e. on a “net-net” basis). The data on geographical locations include spot transactions, outright forwards, foreign exchange swaps, currency swaps, options and other products. They are adjusted for local inter-dealer double-counting (i.e. on a net-gross basis) and may differ slightly from national survey data owing to differences in aggregation procedures and rounding. The BIS uses several criteria to determine the location of a foreign exchange transaction, notably the location of the initiating sales desk.

2.3 Use of the euro in international debt and loan markets

2.3.1 the euro in international debt markets.

The share of the euro in the stock of international debt securities increased in 2022. [ 14 ] When measured at constant exchange rates, the share of the euro in the stock of international debt securities stood at 22%, increasing by 1.2 percentage points in the review period. The share of the euro remains about 8 percentage points lower than its peak in the mid-2000s. By contrast, the share of the US dollar declined by about 1.2 percentage points, although it remains the leading currency in the international debt security markets, accounting for more than 65% of the global stock ( Chart 9 and Table A4 ).

Chart 9

The share of the euro in the stock of international debt securities increased in 2022

Currency composition of outstanding international debt securities

(percentages; at constant Q4 2022 exchange rates)

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Sources: BIS and ECB calculations. Notes: Narrow measure. The latest observation is for the fourth quarter of 2022.

Granular data on international issuance of foreign currency-denominated bonds suggest that the volume of international bond issuance decreased markedly in 2022. [ 15 ] In 2022 the total volume of foreign currency-denominated bond issuance contracted by more than USD 700 billion, corresponding to a decline of 30% in relative terms over the review period. This decline occurred amid market concerns about the economic outlook, tighter financial conditions in advanced economies and geopolitical fragmentation risks ( Special Feature A ). In particular, the issuance of euro-denominated bonds decreased by about 30% in 2022 compared with the previous year, standing at €377 billion (USD 397 billion). However, the share of the euro in foreign currency-denominated bond issuance remained stable, at around 25% ( Chart 10, panel a ). Issuance of US dollar-denominated bonds (USD 930 billion in 2022) fell more markedly, by around 36% year on year, reducing the share of the dollar in international bond issuance by 5 percentage points. [ 16 ] Despite these developments, the US dollar remains by far the leading currency for international issuance of foreign currency-denominated bonds, accounting for more than 57% of total issuance in the review period ( Chart 10, panel b ). Notably, the share of currencies other than the US dollar and the euro increased to around 17%.

The share of the euro in international issuance of foreign currency-denominatedbonds remained stable in 2022

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: Dealogic and ECB calculations. Note: The latest observation is for end-2022.

The retrenchment in euro-denominated international bond issuance was mainly driven by lower issuance in the United Kingdom, the United States and emerging markets. Issuance of euro-denominated international bonds contracted by 72% among emerging market economies in 2022 and by more than 40% in the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan ( Chart 11, panel b ). At the same time, in non-euro area EU Member States and other advanced economies, issuance of euro-denominated bonds increased by 6 and 8 percentage points respectively. Issuance of US dollar-denominated bonds in emerging market economies declined by 55% ( Chart 11, panel a ). [ 17 ] The retrenchment might have arisen from higher interest rates and financing costs in advanced economies, combined with heightened volatility in bond markets. This might have in turn dampened demand for foreign currency-denominated debt issued by emerging market economies. The impact of Brexit on the role of the City of London as a centre for the intermediation of foreign currency-denominated funding might also explain the lower issuance of euro and US dollar-denominated debt in the United Kingdom ( Box 4 ).

Issuance of euro and US dollar-denominated bonds declined in emerging market economies in 2022

tool tour europe 2023

International issuance of green bonds also decreased substantially in the review period. [ 18 ] In absolute terms, the amount of international green bonds issued in major currencies contracted by about USD 41 billion ( Chart 12, panel a ). Issuance of green bonds denominated in euro decreased by €11 billion (USD 12 billion) for a total issuance of about €34 billion (USD 36 billion) in 2022. US dollar-denominated issuance also fell from USD 80 billion to USD 59 billion. In relative terms, the shares of euro and US dollar-denominated green bonds remained stable, with the two currencies accounting for about 31% and 51% of total issuance respectively.

International green bond issuance retrenched in 2022, although the share of the euro in total issuance remained stable

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: Dealogic and ECB calculations. Notes: Annual totals are based on the aggregation of individual deals. The latest observation is for end-2022.

2.3.2 The euro in international loan and deposit markets

The share of the euro in the outstanding stock of international loans continued to increase in 2022. Euro-denominated international loans increased by about 2.4 percentage points in the review period, when measured at constant exchange rates ( Chart 13 and Table A6 ). [ 19 ] The share of the euro in 2022, at around 19%, is close to its historical peak of about 20% seen in 2005. By contrast, the share of the US dollar in international loan markets continued to decline, although the US dollar remains the leading currency in international loan markets by a large margin, accounting for about 53% of total loans. Geographical distance or complementarities with trade invoicing patterns tend to affect demand for euro-denominated and, to a lesser extent, dollar-denominated international loans ( Special Feature C ).

Chart 13

The share of the euro in outstanding international loans remained close to historical peaks

Currency composition of outstanding amounts of international loans

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: BIS and ECB calculations. Notes: The latest observation is for the fourth quarter of 2022. International loans are defined as loans by banks outside the currency area to borrowers outside the currency area.

The share of outstanding international deposits denominated in euro continued to increase in 2022. The share of the euro rose by about 1.5 percentage points over the review period, when measured at constant exchange rates, standing at almost 18% ( Chart 14 and Table A7 ). [ 20 ] By contrast, the share of US dollar-denominated deposits declined by about 1.4 percentage points in 2022 as investors reduced holdings of dollar-denominated deposits accumulated as liquid balances during the pandemic. [ 21 ] However, despite a marginal decline in 2022, the share of US dollar-denominated international deposits remained close to pre-pandemic levels, at around 52% of total international deposits.

Chart 14

The share of the euro in outstanding international deposits increased further in 2022

Currency composition of outstanding amounts of international deposits

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: BIS and ECB calculations. Notes: The latest observation is for the fourth quarter of 2022. International deposits are defined as deposits with banks outside the currency area from creditors outside the currency area.

Box 4 Impact of Brexit on the international role of the euro

Prepared by Matthias Rau-Goehring

This box presents an early assessment of the changing role of the City of London for euro-denominated financial activities since Brexit. [ 22 ] Since its introduction in 1999, the City of London has been the leading financial centre for the international use of the euro in several market segments. [ 23 ] The decision of the United Kingdom in June 2016 to leave the EU was therefore seen as the portent of a potential change in the central role of the City of London for global financial markets. [ 24 ] This event was particularly relevant for euro financial activities that benefit from a harmonisation of rules and standards with the EU, such as trading in foreign exchange and OTC derivatives and banking services. [ 25 ] Data on these activities thus far, however, show no major shifts in the importance of the City of London for euro-denominated financial market segments, with some exceptions. [ 26 ]

2.4 Use of the euro as an invoicing currency

The share of the euro as an invoicing or settlement currency for extra-euro area trade, in particular services exports, remained broadly stable in 2022. Extra-euro area exports of goods invoiced in euro declined by half a percentage point in 2022 to around 59%, while the share of extra-euro area imports of goods invoiced in euro also dropped by half a percentage point to below 52% ( Chart 15, panel a and Table A8 ). However, such changes remain marginal and, from a long-term perspective, the role of the euro as an invoicing currency for trade in goods remains by and large unchanged. Almost 58% of extra-euro area services exports were invoiced in euro in 2022, down from around 60% in the previous year. The share of exports of services invoiced in euro, similar to the euro-invoiced share of exports of goods, also reached a historical low, continuing the downward trend seen since 2018. Likewise, just below 53% of extra-euro area imports of services were invoiced in euro in 2022, down by about 0.3 percentage points compared with the previous year ( Chart 15, panel b ).

The share of euro as an invoicing currency of extra-euro area trade in goods and services was broadly stable in 2022

tool tour europe 2023

Sources: National central banks and ECB calculations. Note: The computation of the euro area aggregate is based on the latest observation reported by each Member State.

2.5 Use of euro banknotes outside the euro area

Cumulative shipments of euro banknotes to destinations outside the euro area decreased to a ten-year low in 2022. The value of net registered shipments of euro banknotes to destinations outside the euro area declined by about 11% over the review period, the largest year-on-year decline since the launch of the euro (see Chart 16 ).

Chart 16

Net extra-euro area shipments of euro banknotes saw an unprecedented decline in 2022

Net monthly shipments of euro banknotes to destinations outside the euro area

(EUR billions; adjusted for seasonal effects)

tool tour europe 2023

Source: Eurosystem. Notes: Net shipments are euro banknotes sent to destinations outside the euro area minus euro banknotes received from outside the euro area. The latest observation is for December 2022.

However, developments in shipments of euro banknotes outside the euro area differed markedly between the first half and second half of 2022. In the first half of the year, the value of net registered shipments of euro banknotes to destinations outside the euro area increased by around 8%. This surge in demand for euro cash was likely caused by the outbreak of Russia’s war in Ukraine which spurred precautionary demand for euro banknotes in a number of central and eastern European countries outside the euro area neighbouring Ukraine ( Box 5 on the impact of Russia’s war in Ukraine on foreign demand for euro cash).

In the second half of 2022, net shipments of euro banknotes to destinations outside the euro area decreased markedly as a result of two factors. First, the beginning of monetary policy normalisation by the ECB led to an associated rise in opportunity costs of holding cash and may have encouraged decreases in cash holdings. In anticipation of the increase in ECB policy rates in July 2022, net shipments decreased by around 4% month-on-month – an unprecedented deceleration – followed by significant banknote purchases in the subsequent months. Second, geopolitical developments likely reduced sales of euro banknotes to eastern European countries outside the EU significantly. These countries accounted for 15% of total sales in 2022, compared with almost 30% in 2021 ( Chart 17, panel a ).

In 2022 euro banknotes were mainly exported to and imported from countries neighbouring the euro area

tool tour europe 2023

Source: ECB calculations based on data from international banknote wholesalers. Note: The data are for 2022.

Box 5 The impact of war: extreme demand for euro cash in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine

Prepared by Elisabeth Beckmann and Alejandro Zamora-Pérez

Proximity to war boosts foreign and domestic demand for euro cash

Geopolitical conflicts can have a significant impact on the demand for euro cash outside the euro area, as illustrated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. Chart A, panel a, compares the deviation of demand for euro banknotes from historical averages, both from non-euro area countries (blue line) and from countries within the euro area (dotted grey lines) between January 2021 and May 2022 – immediately after demand returned to near-average levels. In the months before the invasion, foreign demand for euro cash remained below its historical average. However, it rose far above its historical average just after the invasion (in March 2022), to an extent greater than in most euro area countries in that period. This suggests that precautionary motives were a determinant of demand for euro cash from non-euro area countries, mainly driven by high-value denominations (€100 and €200) which are mostly used for store-of-value purposes. [ 27 ]

3 Special features

A geopolitical fragmentation risks and international currencies.

By Tamar den Besten, Paola Di Casola, Maurizio Michael Habib

Shortly after Russia invaded Ukraine, several packages of unprecedented sanctions were imposed on Russia, including the freezing of nearly half of the Russian central bank’s foreign exchange reserves and the exclusion of a number of Russian banks from SWIFT, the dominant financial messaging system used to facilitate cross-border payments. Several observers noted that these sanctions may have far-reaching consequences for the role of the currencies of the sanctioning countries – including the US dollar and the euro – in the international monetary and financial system. According to these observers, countries that are not fully aligned geopolitically with the United States might reduce their exposures to the currencies of sanctioning countries going forward. However, other observers have been more cautious and pointed to challenges involved in diversifying from the major international currencies. This special feature sheds light on this debate by reviewing the available evidence on the effects of geopolitical fragmentation risks on the use of international currencies. It shows that evidence of potential fragmentation in the international monetary system since Russia’s invasion has so far been mainly restricted to announcements and specific cases rather than pointing to broader trends. Anecdotal evidence, including official statements, points to intentions of some countries to develop the use of alternatives to major traditional currencies, such as the Chinese renminbi, the Russian rouble or the Indian rupee for invoicing international trade. There is also evidence that Russia has been using the Chinese renminbi to a significantly greater extent for international invoicing and cross-border payments in the past few months. However, the available data do not show substantial changes in the use of international currencies as yet. One exception is evidence of increased accumulation of gold as an alternative reserve asset, possibly driven by countries geopolitically closer to China and Russia.

B How is a leading international currency replaced by another? Old versus new evidence

By A. Mehl, M. Mlikota (University of Pennsylvania) and I. Van Robays

This special feature reviews the evidence – both old and new – on how a leading international currency is replaced by another. The conventional historical narrative is that inertia in international currency use is substantial – it takes a long time for a challenger currency to replace the incumbent owing to the existence of network externalities that give rise to lock-in effects. The US dollar remains the leading currency for global trade and finance today, despite the decline in the United States’ share of global output and trade, which testifies to the importance of inertia. However, one interesting exception is the currency invoicing of trade of countries neighbouring the euro area between 1999 – the year of the euro’s creation – and 2019, when the share of the euro increased by more than 20 percentage points on average, at the expense of the US dollar.

Two competing hypotheses may explain these developments: a trade shock – where stronger trade links with the euro area tilt invoicing towards the euro – and an exchange rate volatility shock – where growing use of the euro as an exchange rate anchor spills over to invoicing. Recent evidence from ECB staff research empirically tests the relative importance of these two shocks. The estimates give support to the view that a trade shock is a key determinant of the stronger role of the euro for invoicing international trade in countries neighbouring the euro area. In those countries where trade links with the euro area increased, the shock explains on average almost 40% of the rise in the share of exports invoiced in euro between 1999 and 2019. By contrast, the impact of greater exchange rate stability against the euro is statistically insignificant. Countries’ invoicing currency choices are not just impacted by their own trade patterns and exchange rate volatilities but also by those of their trade partners and competitors. These effects operate mainly via bilateral trade linkages rather than strategic complementarities in export price setting, which underscores the relevance of changes to input-output linkages as determinants of invoicing currency patterns.

These findings have implications for policy. They suggest that, in response to the pandemic shock and the war in Ukraine, reshoring or friendshoring of production chains could lead to stronger regional trade, notably on the European continent. That in turn could strengthen the future role of the euro for the invoicing of international trade.

C Determinants of currency choice in cross-border bank loans

By Lorenz Emter, Peter McQuade, Swapan Kumar Pradhan (BIS) [ 28 ] and Martin Schmitz

Dominant currencies confer important economic, financial and strategic advantages on the issuer, so it is important to understand why some currencies have a more prominent international role than others. This special feature provides insights into various potential determinants of currency choice in cross-border bank lending, such as bilateral distance, measures of financial and trade linkages to issuer countries of major currencies, and invoicing currency patterns. Cross-border bank lending in US dollars, and particularly in euro, is highly concentrated in a small number of countries. The United Kingdom is central in the international network of loans denominated in euro, although there are tentative signs that this role has diminished for lending to non-banks since Brexit, with such loans now possibly booked by newly-established US (or euro area) subsidiaries. Offshore financial centres are pivotal for US dollar loans, reflecting, in particular, lending to non-bank financial intermediaries in the Cayman Islands, possibly as a result of regulatory and tax optimisation strategies of large multinationals and high net worth individuals. An empirical analysis suggests that euro-denominated loans face the “tyranny of distance”, in line with predictions of standard models of trade, as captured by a variety of variables, in contrast to US dollar loans. Complementarities between trade invoicing and bank lending are found for both the euro and the US dollar. Overall, the analysis suggests that the euro tends to be more of a regional currency, while use of the US dollar in cross-border bank lending is global.

4 Statistical annex

© European Central Bank, 2023

Postal address 60640 Frankfurt am Main, Germany Telephone +49 69 1344 0 Website www.ecb.europa.eu

All rights reserved. Reproduction for educational and non-commercial purposes is permitted provided that the source is acknowledged.

For specific terminology please refer to the ECB glossary (available in English only).

The cut-off date for the statistics included in this report was 30 April 2023.

PDF ISBN 978-92-899-5527-0, ISSN 1725-6593, doi:10.2866/518597, QB-XN-23-001-EN-N HTML ISBN 978-92-899-5552-2, ISSN 1725-6593, doi:10.2866/063496, QB-XN-23-001-EN-Q

See Arslanalp, S., Eichengreen, B. and Simpson-Bell, C. (2022), “ The Stealth Erosion of Dollar Dominance and the Rise of Nontraditional Reserve Currencies ”, Journal of International Economics , Vol. 138, No 103656.

See also Anaya Longaric, P. and Di Casola, P. (2022), “ The internationalisation of the renminbi: regaining strength? ”, The international role of the euro, European Central Bank, June.

Estimates presented in Box 2 , for example, show that an increase of 100 basis points in the yields of highly-rated euro area debt securities relative to yields on the debt of other reserve currency issuers leads to an increase in the share of the euro area of over 1 percentage point on average across funds. This corresponds to a total reallocation of around USD 300 million in each quarter.

Purchases were derived from changes in holdings over the review period. The estimates account for valuation effects arising from exchange rate and bond price changes that influence nominal amounts of reserves denominated in euro and reported in US dollar terms. See Box 3 for a detailed review of the methodology used.

See UBS (2022), “ UBS Annual Reserve Manager Survey ”, Zurich, June

University of Lausanne. The analysis was prepared when Marco Graziano was a trainee at the ECB.

See Section 2.1 of The international role of the euro , European Central Bank, June 2021.

Chinn, M.D., Ito, H. and McCauley, R.N. (2022), “Do central banks rebalance their currency shares?”, Journal of International Money and Finance , Vol. 122, No 102557.

CLS is operated by CLS Bank International, a specialised financial institution providing settlement services for its members in the foreign exchange market. Although not all foreign exchange transactions are settled in CLS, which partly reflects the fact that the foreign exchange market is largely decentralised, it has been estimated that over 50% of eligible global foreign exchange transactions are settled in CLS. This suggests that data on activity in CLS might be indicative of broader market trends.

Since transactions in foreign exchange markets always involve two currencies, shares add up to 200%.

See the BIS Triennial Central Bank Survey: OTC foreign exchange turnover in April 2022 , October 2022. Compared with CLS data, which cover 18 major currencies, the BIS triennial survey is more comprehensive and includes, among others, the trading of the Chinese renminbi, which is not covered by CLS. The strong growth in renminbi trading could explain differences in the relative shares of currencies in CLS data and the BIS Triennial Survey.

The USD/EUR is the most liquid currency pair, accounting for around 23% of all transactions.

The discussion here is based on the “narrow” definition of international debt issuance, which focuses on the foreign currency principle. This definition therefore excludes all domestic currency issuance, i.e. all securities denominated in the currency of the economy in which the issuer resides, from the standard (also known as “broad”) definition of international debt issuance. For instance, the narrow definition excludes a euro-denominated bond issued by a German company, whether issued outside the euro area (e.g. in the United States) or inside the euro area (e.g. in France).

The fact that the data on the share of the euro in foreign currency-denominated bond issuance reveal a different pattern to the data on the stock of international debt securities may be because the latter also depend on net redemptions and developments in money market instruments.

Issuance in currencies other than the US dollar and the euro also decreased by about 6 percentage points (USD 17 billion).

Issuance of US dollar-denominated bonds also declined in the euro area (-35%), Japan (-42%) and across other advanced economies (-13%).

International issuance of green bonds refers to issuance in a foreign currency based on the nationality of the issuer or the parent entity of the issuer.

International loans are defined as loans by banks outside the currency area to borrowers outside the currency area. For instance, “international loans in euro” refers to all euro-denominated loans by banks outside the euro area to borrowers outside the euro area.

The definition of international deposits is equivalent to the definition of international loans. International deposits are defined as deposits with banks outside the currency area made by creditors from outside the currency area. For instance, international deposits in euro correspond to all euro-denominated deposits with banks outside the euro area made by creditors from outside the euro area.

See “ International role of the euro ”, European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, June 2022.

This box draws on and updates some of the data first discussed in BIS (2022), “London as a financial centre since Brexit: evidence from the 2022 BIS Triennial Survey”, BIS Bulletin, No 65. The author is grateful to Jakub Demski, Robert N. McCauley and Patrick McGuire for discussions and assistance regarding the data, as well as Guy-Charles Marhic, Alexandra Born and Claudia Lambert for discussions and helpful comments.

See “The euro’s contribution to financial market activity in the City of London” in ECB (2003), “Review of the international role of the euro”.

The most important milestones in the Brexit timeline include the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the EU on 23 June 2016, the agreement on a transition phase on 19 March 2018, the EU’s approval of postponing the Brexit date on 29 October 2019 and the end of the Brexit transition period on 31 December 2020.

See EY Financial Services (2017): “Brexit Tracker”, PricewaterhouseCoopers (2016): “What does Brexit mean for London, the UK and Europe?” and New Financial (2016) “ The potential impact of Brexit on European capital markets ”. Estimates predicted that the removal of passporting rights and the loss of regulatory equivalence could lead to a 30% shift in operations, the moving of 13% of staff (of a total of 400,000) and an additional 13,000 financial sector jobs at risk in London.

In early 2021, equity trading of EU-listed corporates saw an abrupt relocation from the City of London, mainly to Amsterdam. This was the result of the European Commission not recognising UK exchanges as having the same supervisory status as EU exchanges. The implications of Brexit for the real economy, particularly for trade and labour markets, have been more pronounced (see the article entitled “ The impact of Brexit on UK trade and labour markets ” in Issue 3/2023 of the ECB Economic Bulletin).

Significantly large increases in precautionary cash demand were observed globally in past financial, technological or natural disaster-related crises. See “ The paradox of banknotes: understanding the demand for cash beyond transactional use ”,  Economic Bulletin , Issue 2, ECB, Frankfurt am Main, 2021.

The views expressed here are those of the authors. They do not represent the views of the Bank for International Settlements, the ECB or the Eurosystem.

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The EU in 2023: Succeeding amidst challenging times

Collage of pictures including a photo of a small robot; a photo of female scientist; a photo of rescue services; a photo of an old lady with a young girl; and a photo of a person on a wind turbine

At a time of increased geopolitical tensions, the EU has continued to successfully tackle the issues that concern Europeans most in 2023 , whilst remaining on track to deliver on the political priorities. That is according to the new edition of the EU General Report, which was published today.

The report looks at how we have responded to emerging and existing global challenges, with our ongoing, steadfast support for Ukraine being the highlight. We have provided over €88 billion in financial, humanitarian and military assistance, offered protection to over 4 million people fleeing from Ukraine to the EU and are ready to open accession negotiations.

It also looks to the Middle East and how we have responded to the drastic deterioration in the humanitarian situation of Palestinians, quadrupling humanitarian aid to over €100 million in the last year.

At home, the report emphasises the work done in staying the course on key EU priorities

  • continuing our economic recovery from the pandemic
  • boosting competitiveness and manufacturing capacity for the technologies and products required to meet our ambitious climate targets
  • putting in place the legal framework to cut emissions by 55 % by 2030 (a key milestone on the path to climate neutrality)
  • making progress in ending the EU’s reliance on Russian fossil fuels, thanks to the REPowerEU Plan, and in reforming the design of the EU’s electricity market, to protect consumers against price shocks
  • working on a first comprehensive law on Artificial Intelligence as part of Europe’s digital transition
  • strengthening social dialogue and progressing on new rules to improve working conditions of people working through digital market platforms
  • reaching an important milestone in overhauling our migration system.

The report is available in all official languages of the EU as a fully illustrated book and an online version which is available below.

Find more information

The EU in 2023: General Report on the Activities of the European Union

The story of the von der Leyen Commission

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tool tour europe 2023

How to Travel Through Europe by Train Like a Pro

Last Updated on June 8, 2023

Traveling through Europe by train is a wonderful experience that offers a unique and authentic way to explore the continent. It is a cost-effective and sustainable way to travel that gives you a chance to see the breathtaking scenery of Europe. 

However, train travel can also be overwhelming for first-timers. That’s why we’ve put together this guide on traveling through Europe by train like a pro.

Make an Itinerary

The first step to traveling through Europe by train like a pro is to plan ahead. Research your destinations and create a rough itinerary of the places you want to visit, as well as the duration of your stay. You can use websites such as Rail Europe or Eurail to plan your train journeys and book tickets in advance. This can save you money, time, and heartache on your adventure!

Buy a Rail Pass

If you plan to take multiple train journeys during your trip, buying a rail pass is worth considering. A rail pass allows you to travel on most trains in Europe without purchasing individual tickets for each journey. Different types of rail passes are available, depending on the length of your trip and the countries you want to visit.

Utilize Nearby Luggage Storage

When traveling through Europe by train, you may find yourself in a situation where you need to store your luggage temporarily. This can happen if you arrive at your destination before your hotel check-in time or want to explore a city without carrying heavy bags.

Fortunately, many train stations in Europe offer luggage storage facilities. For example, if you’re spending the day in St. Pancras, simply look for luggage storage in St. Pancras . Now, you can explore the city with peace of mind — and no heavy bags weighing you down.

Choose Your Train

When traveling through Europe by train , you can take high-speed trains, regional trains, or overnight trains. High-speed trains, such as the Eurostar or TGV, are faster and more expensive than regional trains. However, they are a smart option for longer journeys or days you want to travel between two distant cities in a short amount of time.

Regional trains, on the other hand, are slower but cheaper. They are an option if you want to explore smaller towns and villages along your route. Overnight trains, such as the Nightjet, allow you to save time and money by combining transportation and accommodation.

One of the advantages of traveling through Europe by train is the ability to easily move from one place to another. However, this can be difficult if you are carrying a heavy suitcase. Therefore, it is important to pack light and only bring the essentials. A backpack or a small suitcase is ideal for train travel.

Arrive Early

You should arrive at the train station at least 30 minutes before your train departure time. This allows you to find your platform, check the train timetable, and board the train stress-free. After all, when a train says it leaves at 10:00, you best believe it’ll be on the move promptly at 10:00.

Additionally, arriving early can give you time to grab a coffee or a snack from one of the many cafes at the train station.

Validate Your Ticket

If you have purchased individual train tickets, don’t forget to validate them before boarding the train. You can do this at the yellow validation machines located at the train station. Failure to validate your ticket can result in a fine if you are caught by a ticket inspector on the train.

Keep Your Ticket Handy

Once you have boarded the train, it is important to keep your ticket handy. Ticket inspectors may ask to see your ticket any time during the journey, so it is best to have it easily accessible. Additionally, some trains have a designated area for luggage storage, so be sure to keep your bags in the appropriate area.

Bring Your Own Food

While some trains have dining cars or food carts, it is always a good idea to bring your own food and snacks for the journey. This can save you money and ensure that you have something to eat if the train has no food options or limited options.

Enjoy the Scenery

Last but not least, one of the most important things to remember when traveling through Europe by train is to take the time to enjoy the scenery. Europe is home to some of the world’s most beautiful landscapes and architecture, and traveling by train allows you to see it all from a unique perspective.

Happy Travels!

Traveling through Europe by train is a fantastic experience that offers a unique and authentic way to explore the continent. With these tips, you can travel like a pro and make the most of your journey. Remember to plan ahead, pack light, and most importantly, enjoy the beautiful scenery along the way.

Related posts:

  • Why you should travel by train in Europe (and how to book tickets)
  • Exploring France by train: Our top five train rides in France
  • How to Travel around Europe on the Cheap
  • Things to Know Before You Board a Train from Vienna to Prague

Traveling through Europe by train is a wonderful experience that offers a unique and authentic way to explore the continent. It is a cost-effective and sustainable way to travel that …

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  13. Tool European Tour 2024: Dates, Venues, Details + How to Get Tickets

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  14. Tool Europe and UK 2024 tour dates announced

    Tool. November 14, 2023. As was promised a few days ago, Tool have announced their dates for Europe and the UK in 2024, a few being festivals, and others being stand alone gigs. Details and dates below: We're returning to Europe and the UK next May and June for twelve headline shows, with support from @nightverses, and some festival appearances.

  15. Tool Tease U.K. and Europe 2024 Tour Dates

    Tool Tease U.K. and Europe 2024 Tour Dates. November 10th, 2023 at 12:28pm. Mandy Scythe. 0. Tool have already announced their U.S. tour dates, and now, they're also teasing European and U.K. dates in 2024. The band didn't make it official yet, but they shared a video, which you can see below, reaching out to fans: "Tool Army cordially ...

  16. Tool say they're announcing tour dates "very soon"

    Tool announce UK and Europe tour for 2024. ... Aftershock announce full 2023 line-up: Avenged, Tool, Korn and loads more. Guns N' Roses, Tool, Avenged Sevenfold, Korn and so many more are ...

  17. TOOL Return to Europe for Spring 2024 Tour

    Nov. 14, 2023, LOS ANGELES - TOOL make their highly-anticipated return to Europe this Spring, with a month of dates slated for the 2024 trek, including outings at London's The O 2 Arena, Stockholm's Tele2 Arena and Paris' Accor Arena, as well as festival outings at Graspop Metal Meeting, Tons of Rock and CopenHell.. News of the band's European tour follows a particularly busy time ...

  18. TOOL announce 2024 European tour

    Pick up TOOL's Revolver Winter 2023 cover bundle — featuring a TOOL-inspired print and Fear Inoculum on 3LP vinyl — over at our shop.. TOOL's busy 2024 just got even busier.The alt-metal giants — and current Revolver cover stars — are touring the U.S. in January and February, and then later in the spring, they're heading across the pond for a full-scale European and U.K. trek.

  19. TOOL plotting "big tour" for fall 2023

    February 2, 2023. Outside of their headlining festival appearances at Florida's Welcome to Rockville (May 21st) and Ohio's Sonic Temple (May 25th), TOOL have no other shows on the schedule for 2023. At least not yet. According to drummer Danny Carey, the alt-metal giants are planning a "big tour" that's set to go down later this fall ...

  20. TOOL Tour Dates Coming Soon for 2023 and 2024 : r/ToolBand

    Historically they do a big tour and hit Van+GTA, then come back and hit smaller cities, Edmonton, Calgary, etc. they don't come here as often but I've seen Tool 5 times here, I've got faith they're coming back to make good on the cancelled 2020 dates finally. 1. sm_rollinger. • 5 mo. ago. They were supposed to play here in Sioux Falls ...

  21. Tool Announces Dates For 2023 North American Fall Tour

    I'm not a political fella — had nothing to do with Florida.". Check out the dates for Tool's 2023 fall tour below. Sept. 22 — Louisville, KY @ Louder Than Life Festival. Oct. 3 Loveland ...

  22. Tool Announce 2023 North American Tour Dates

    Tool have announced a 2023 North American tour that's set to kick off this fall. The run begins with a Sept. 22 appearance at the Louder Than Life Festival and after that, it's back out on the ...

  23. TOOL Announce Dates For 2023 North American Tour

    TOOL Tour Dates 2023: September 22 Louisville, KY Louder Than Life Festival. October 3 Loveland, CO Budweiser Event Center. October 6 Sacramento, CA Aftershock Festival. October 8 Indio, CA Power ...

  24. IU H.E.R. World Tour

    Tools. Tools. move to sidebar hide. Actions Read; Edit; View history ... IU H.E.R. World Tour is the first world tour and ninth concert tour overall by South Korean ... set to conclude on September 22, 2024, in Seoul, South Korea. The tour consists of concerts in Asia, North America and Europe. Background. IU announced that she would be holding ...

  25. The European Qualifications Framework (EQF)

    The European Qualifications Framework. The EU developed the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) as a translation tool to make national qualifications easier to understand and more comparable. The EQF seeks to support cross-border mobility of learners and workers, promote lifelong learning and professional development across Europe.

  26. The international role of the euro, June 2023

    Foreword; 1 Main findings. Box 1 Internationalisation of the renminbi and capital account openness; 2 Key developments. 2.1 Use of the euro as an international reserve and investment currency; Box 2 Investment funds and search for yield within the sovereign debt market of highly-rated issuers; Box 3 Valuation effects and rebalancing of official foreign exchange reserves

  27. The EU in 2023: Succeeding amidst challenging times

    At a time of increased geopolitical tensions, the EU has continued to successfully tackle the issues that concern Europeans most in 2023, whilst remaining on track to deliver on the political priorities.That is according to the new edition of the EU General Report, which was published today. The report looks at how we have responded to emerging and existing global challenges, with our ongoing ...

  28. 2024 European Tour

    The 2024 European Tour, titled as the 2024 DP World Tour for sponsorship reasons, is the 53rd season of the European Tour, the main professional golf tour in Europe since its inaugural season in 1972.. It is the third season of the tour under a title sponsorship agreement with DP World that was announced in November 2021.

  29. How to Travel Through Europe by Train Like a Pro

    Last Updated on June 8, 2023. Traveling through Europe by train is a wonderful experience that offers a unique and authentic way to explore the continent.

  30. Formula 1 announces calendar for 2024

    Formula 1 has announced the calendar for the 2024 FIA Formula One World Championship, approved by the World Motor Sport Council. The calendar features 24 races and begins in Bahrain on March 2 and finishes in Abu Dhabi on December 8.