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World Heritage and Tourism

  • Michael A. Di Giovine 3  
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World heritage refers to monuments, sites, and cultural and natural landscapes, as well as intangible practices and traditions, as designated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Specifically, it refers to something to be of “outstanding universal value” that transcends any specific significances it might have at the local, regional, or national levels. The preservation of world heritage is paramount since it is considered “of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity” (UNESCO 2005 : 12).

World heritage is often seen as an intrinsic quality to a site or tradition, but in actuality, it is the product of a complex political process that evolved over more than a half-century. Born from the 1972 Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritag e, it is elaborated upon through the day-to-day work of UNESCO’s Advisory Bodies (International Council on Monuments and Sites, International Union for...

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Brumann, Christoph. 2022. The best we share . Oxford: Berghahn.

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Di Giovine, Michael A. 2009. The heritage-scape: UNESCO, world heritage, and tourism . Lanham: Lexington Books.

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Gravari-Barbas, M., L. Bourdeau, and M. Robinson. 2015. World heritage and tourism: From opposition to co- production. In World heritage, tourism and identity: Inscription and co-production. Heritage culture and identity , ed. L. Bourdeau, M. Gravari-Barbas, and M. Robinson, 1–24. London: Routledge.

Meskell, Lynn. 2018. A future in ruins: UNESCO, world heritage, and the dream of peace . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Smith, Laurajane. 2006. Uses of heritage . London: Routledge.

UNESCO. 2005. World Heritage Information Kit . Paris: World Heritage Center.

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West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester, USA

Michael A. Di Giovine

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Jafar Jafari

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Honggen Xiao

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Universidad Nacional de Quilmes Bernal, Bernal, Argentina

Regina Schlüter

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Di Giovine, M.A. (2023). World Heritage and Tourism. In: Jafari, J., Xiao, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Tourism. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01669-6_224-2

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Advisory Council on Historic Preservation

Each year, millions of travelers visit America’s historic places. The National Trust for Historic Preservation defines heritage tourism as “traveling to experience the places, artifacts, and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past and present.”  A high percentage of domestic and international travelers participate in cultural and/or heritage activities while traveling, and those that do stay longer, spend more, and travel more often. Heritage tourism creates jobs and business opportunities, helps protect resources, and often improves the quality of life for local residents.

The ACHP has encouraged national travel and tourism policies that promote the international marketing of America’s historic sites as tourism destinations. The ACHP also engages in ongoing efforts to build a more inclusive preservation program, reaching out to diverse communities and groups and engaging them in dialogue about what parts of our national legacy should be more fully recognized, preserved, and shared. 

The ACHP developed Preserve America , a national initiative to encourage and support community efforts for the preservation and enjoyment of America’s cultural and natural heritage. In partnership with other federal agencies, the initiative has encouraged the use of historic assets for economic development and community revitalization, as well as enabling people to experience and appreciate local historic resources through heritage tourism and education programs. These goals have been advanced by an Executive Order directing federal agencies to support such efforts, a community designation program, and a recognition program for outstanding stewardship of historic resources by volunteers.

From 2004-2016, over 900 Preserve America Communities   were designated in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and two territories, as well as nearly 60 Preserve America Stewards . Many Preserve America Communities are featured in “Discover Our Shared Heritage” National Register on-line travel itineraries . From 2006 through 2010, the National Park Service (in partnership with the ACHP) awarded more than $21 million in Preserve America Grants   to support sustainable historic resource management strategies, with a focus on heritage tourism. 

These links are being provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only; if they are not ACHP links, they do not constitute an endorsement or an approval by the ACHP of any of the products, services or opinions of the corporation or organization or individual. The ACHP bears no responsibility for the accuracy, legality, or content of the external site or for that of subsequent links. Please contact the external site for answers to questions regarding its content, including its privacy policies.

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Heritage and Tourism

Profile image of Yujie Zhu

2015, Global Heritage: A Reader

Some argue that the globalization of heritage through tourism has led to a greater respect for (both material and living) culture than previously existed. However, the transformation of heritage properties into destinations and cultural expressions into performances is seldom straightforward. The interface between heritage and tourism is extremely complex. In a tourism setting, heritage can be (mis)used in a variety of ways for a variety of purposes by a variety of stakeholders. This chapter critically analyzes some of the key issues at stake in the multifaceted relation between heritage and tourism, in particular the positive and negative effects in relation to local communities, but also issues such as authenticity, the role of social imaginaries, and the special tourism status of World Heritage properties. Given the limited space, the focus here is on cultural heritage only, although many of the topics discussed equally apply to natural or “mixed” heritage (a UNESCO term denoting properties containing elements of both cultural and natural significance).

Related Papers

Alfredo Conti

Conservators are generally trained to work on the tangible components of cultural heritage (mainly historic buildings and sites) as a means of preserving their values and meanings and to transmit them to future generations. In our capacity of conservators, we have usually worked to preserve the tangible substance of heritage as a means to preserve values. But when the values may differ according to different stakeholders or interested public, among them tourists, we face new challenges related in some case to the proper use of heritage or to the proper interpretation of those values by local communities and visitors. In this framework, the purpose of this paper is presenting some reflections on the relationship of cultural heritage and tourism; in other words, to reflect on the role and the impact of cultural tourism on heritage conservation.

heritage tourism definition unesco

G Richards (ed) Cultural tourism: global and local perspectives

Jaume Franquesa , Marc Morell

Paragraphs from pages 170 and 171 in lieu of an abstract: Social processes, often conflictive, contribute to the making of heritage products. In these processes, we have to consider a range of groups and social agents who have different political and economic interests and different cultural conceptions, stemming from their distinct positions in social space. Opposed to the discourses that see heritage as something natural and as a product of a consensus, often because of ingenuity as well as dishonest intentions, it is important to stress the dynamic, processual, and conflictive nature of heritage product-making, particularly when it concerns enormously sensitive questions such as identity or memory. That is, heritage-making is inseparable from questions of influence, politics, interests, and authority -in short, power. On the other hand, this conflictive dimension becomes even worse when we move from heritage to heritage tourism, since the commercial exploitation implied by heritage tourism usually arouses resentment. It is not only the fact that commercial exploitalion may be viewed by certain groups as illegitimate when applied to heritage objects of a sacred or inalienable nature, but also the fact that commercial exploitation entails complex political and economic decisions. These issues include lhe kind of public for which the product is designed (which often does not match with the owners of the ascribed meanings), and the fact that the urban speculation that usually accompanies heritage tourism can lead to a rise in the price of land, to processes of use replacement, gentrification, etc. In fact, these latter issues become especially relevant since heritage tourism is mainly a kind of urban tourism and focuses on the historic centers of cities, which become, as a whole, public spaces made heritage (and therefore not only the meanings become problematic, but also spatial practices and uses of space). This is hardly surprising since historic city centers, besides offering a high concentration of heritage referents, usually characterize themselves by their function of centrality and their symbolic contents, particularly their role in representing the city as a whole. Nevertheless. "touristification/heritagization" is still problematic, and it is in these spaces that most of the conflicts regarding heritage and tourism become visible. These conflicts create social discomfort, hence negatively influencing the political success and the economic viability of heritage tourism: consequently, it seems there is a need to develop common criteria for assessment of the complex factors affecting heritage.

C del Mármol, M Morell and J Chalcraft (eds) The making of heritage. Seduction and disenchantment

Marc Morell

If interested in the full text, please contact the author. First pararaphs of last section in lieu of an abstract: It is argued that the World Heritage site nomination is so that Majorcans can gain international recognition of the splendid mountain range they treasure, so they can sustainably develop it while caringly protecting it from the very same development that feeds upon the climate, the heritage, the landscape, the urbanisation of land and the tourist expenditure. The questions I have wished to put forward are concerned with the value forms heritage takes in an island that represents the paradigm of the Spanish brick-and-mortar economy, the role of heritage as a commodity in a society in which tourism is a total prestation: [T]otalities tend to end up inscribed in a series of objects that, insofar as they become media of value, also become objects of desire . . . The object in question might be almost anything . . . Such objects imply within their own structure all those principles of motion that shape the field in which they take on meaning . . . In any case, they become frozen images of those patterns of actions that in practice are called into being by the very fact that people value them; they are . . . mirrors of our own manipulated intentions. (Graeber 2001: 259). The one thing almost all heritage objects share is that, among their self-indulgent outline, their reports are mostly made of preachments on use values. And yet, grounded research reveals that there is not a huge distance to cover from the use values heritage offers in its advertising and legal materials to the exchange values many of its promoters actually seek when appealing to the attraction of visitors. Take, for instance, Crossley and Picard (2014) who initially dismiss what they call the “conventional economic angle” in their critical exploration of value in tourism. Their agenda is haunted by the commodity form tourism values are about in the last instance. However, after a brief escape they fancifully return to a notion of value that holds at once use and exchange: “meanings attached to intangible or atmospheric qualities of a tourist destination [can] be seen as intimately linked to its measurable, economic value” (Crossley and Picard 2014: 1). Because, at the end of the day, why do we seek heritage nominations in heavily touristic-loaded places like the Balearics?

Norberto Santos , Claudete Oliveira Moreira

The second half of the twentieth century began a time of change for society in general and each individual in particular. Although the concept of development is not globally understood as the same phenomenon, concepts such as sustainability and sustainable development, heritage and culture, tourism and ethics, uniqueness and authenticity, materiality and intangibility, among others, have entered the lexicon of scientific research, political speeches, strategic and development plans, and non-governmental organizations. The assumption that the human being is the most relevant heritage is decisive for respecting the other and valuing the differences between us. This approach might help creating a common sphere where everyone and every place plays a crucial role. It is in this context that culture/heritage, as a differentiating element, undertakes a progressive and continuously relevant meaning, a core part in global society. Are many and diverse responsible for this construction. Whether the individual point of view or the collective. The creation of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) in November 1945 is a fundamental stepping-stone in this context. The concern to protect the still visible course of the history of Humankind, independent from the dimension or geographical location is the example of a global concern which should involve all of us. Many of these sites listed in UNESCO’s World Heritage List, are also, for this same reason, touristic sites, and thus subject to different uses, almost always different from their initial purpose. These uses should not imply destruction, loss of genuineness, or massification. They should instead preserve or re-establish the authenticity that identifies these sites, making them unique. This apparently contradictory context lays the focus of the reflection that is aimed to be developed in this international meeting: "Local Identity and Tourism Management on World Heritage Sites: Trends and Challenges", in the framework of the International UNESCO-UNITWIN Network Culture, Tourism and Development. The central objective of this Conference is to promote the discussion/reflection on the challenges that we face nowadays and in the process of future development, resulting from the mutability of the relationship between. a) tourism offer in World Heritage Sites, b) preservation of a unique identity and singularity, c) the diverse motivations of tourism demand, d) the creation of local tourist activities able to complement an internationally renowned rooted heritage, e) the importance of new technologies on the management of a heritage that generates social cohesion and territorial solidarity. Simultaneously, tourism is rapidly expanding. It is increasingly diverse and considered as an important social value. Its economic value is also increasing as its weight grows in national GDP. We also witness the development of cultural and heritage tourism as an expression of the ability of societies to turn their legacy into consumer products and instruments of local and regional development. In this perspective there is the need to understand the motivations of the tourist and the profiles of the visitors, connected with multi-attraction and multi-motivation demand. It is important to encompass an understanding of what is being visited, the quest for experience and emotion, the committed participation mediated by ethics and sustainable behaviours; to create the conditions for a new, ontological tourism to grow inside each one of us, in every journey, in each place. The increasing interest and desire for the historical and cultural heritage sites, material or immaterial, allows us to (re)discover the singularity, the authenticity, notoriety and, at the same time, the originality of World Heritage Sites, causing its tourism management to be carried out in such a way that the physical, social, cultural and economic sustainability becomes a permanent and dynamic concern, open and complex. This Conference will enrich the knowledge of tourism, through the debate between different participants and case studies. The objective is to improve the capacities to build on each World Heritage Site an identity able to generate processes that enhance the quality of life of local residents, a marketing strategy designed to offer cultural/heritage reference products, and an informed research, committed and motivated to use (somewhere between entertainment and development) improve the offer on World Heritage Sites.

The significance of World Heritage: Origins, management, consequences

Noel B. Salazar

Curator: The Museum Journal

Mechtild Rossler

Rossitza Ohridska-Olson

The aim of this special issue of Ottoman: Journal of Tourism and Management Research is to trace the latest trends in the relationship between Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) and tourism. Traditional practices, festivities, events, and crafts have existed as resource for sustainable tourism development much before the UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage entered into force in 2003 and before various national and international documents were deployed to intervene in the tourism product formation and marketing processes. In the past several years, the relationship between ICH and tourism is marked by new dynamics, uncovers previously unexplored resources and outlines new prospects of development and interaction. In spite of the significant contributions in several fields of study (culture anthropology, tourism, cultural diplomacy, politics, etc.), the existing scholarly literature does not reflect the rich transformations that the relationship between ICH and tourism is experiencing nowadays. New regulations, administrative and legislative changes on local, national and international national level prompt the reconsideration on ethical issues, valorization of ICH elements, and create a fusion in the strategic and practical realms of tourism interactions with other industries' plans for sustainable development. New paradigms are appearing through the intervention of NGOs initiatives in safeguarding and valorization of ICH, directly or indirectly casting their influence on tourism development. All these transformations are affecting several tourism experiences in the cultural, wine & gourmet, creative, ethno-, eco-, adventure, and rural types of tourism, to mention a few. On their side, the upsurge of new travel industry initiatives on a global scale poses a significant impact on local communities' traditional practices and forms finding expression in their use as a resource to attract tourist attention, their adjustment to market rules, and their susceptibility to over-commercialization and decontextualization.

Tourism Geographies

Dr. Alon Gelbman

Heritage and culture have long been recognized as core components of tourism. Whether we are dealing with pilgrimages and visits to sacred sites, visits for cultural interaction with ‘other’ host societies, or elaborating on other forms of spiritual activities, tourism has always been an important platform for such meetings and interactions. This report is a summary of the conference ‘Heritage and Cultural Tourism: The Present and Future of the Past’. The conference was held on 17-19 June 2008, at the Brigham Young University, Jerusalem Center for Near Eastern Studies, in Jerusalem, Israel. It brought together 75 tourism researchers from fifteen countries, and was organized by the Department of Geography at Brigham Young University (Utah, USA) with the assistance and sponsorship of several partners.

Emma Waterton

For many years tourism has been one of the principal ways through which the relationship between heritage and globalisation is analytically articulated. Countless studies since the 1970s have considered the arrival of tourism as the precipitator of modernity, of modernisation and of widespread social transformation. There is little doubt this tradition of scholarship will continue to thrive and evolve. By way of a contribution to this research, this chapter sets out to illustrate why current debates in this field need to shift direction, and why frameworks which better reflect the realities of today's global tourism industry need to be developed, most notably ones which can better account for the ongoing rise of non-Western forms of tourism.

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Tourism and Culture

Ethics, Culture and Social Responsibility

  • Global Code of Ethics for Tourism
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The convergence between tourism and culture, and the increasing interest of visitors in cultural experiences, bring unique opportunities but also complex challenges for the tourism sector.

“Tourism policies and activities should be conducted with respect for the artistic, archaeological and cultural heritage, which they should protect and pass on to future generations; particular care should be devoted to preserving monuments, worship sites, archaeological and historic sites as well as upgrading museums which must be widely open and accessible to tourism visits”

UN Tourism Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics

Article 7, paragraph 2

This webpage provides UN Tourism resources aimed at strengthening the dialogue between tourism and culture and an informed decision-making in the sphere of cultural tourism. It also promotes the exchange of good practices showcasing inclusive management systems and innovative cultural tourism experiences .  

About Cultural Tourism

According to the definition adopted by the UN Tourism General Assembly, at its 22nd session (2017), Cultural Tourism implies “A type of tourism activity in which the visitor’s essential motivation is to learn, discover, experience and consume the tangible and intangible cultural attractions/products in a tourism destination. These attractions/products relate to a set of distinctive material, intellectual, spiritual and emotional features of a society that encompasses arts and architecture, historical and cultural heritage, culinary heritage, literature, music, creative industries and the living cultures with their lifestyles, value systems, beliefs and traditions”. UN Tourism provides support to its members in strengthening cultural tourism policy frameworks, strategies and product development . It also provides guidelines for the tourism sector in adopting policies and governance models that benefit all stakeholders, while promoting and preserving cultural elements.

Recommendations for Cultural Tourism Key Players on Accessibility 

UN Tourism , Fundación ONCE and UNE issued in September 2023, a set of guidelines targeting key players of the cultural tourism ecosystem, who wish to make their offerings more accessible.

The key partners in the drafting and expert review process were the ICOMOS International Cultural Tourism Committee and the European Network for Accessible Tourism (ENAT) . The ICOMOS experts’ input was key in covering crucial action areas where accessibility needs to be put in the spotlight, in order to make cultural experiences more inclusive for all people.

This guidance tool is also framed within the promotion of the ISO Standard ISO 21902 , in whose development UN Tourism had one of the leading roles.

Download here the English and Spanish version of the Recommendations.

Compendium of Good Practices in Indigenous Tourism

Compendium of Good Practices in Indigenous Tourismo

The report is primarily meant to showcase good practices championed by indigenous leaders and associations from the Region. However, it also includes a conceptual introduction to different aspects of planning, management and promotion of a responsible and sustainable indigenous tourism development.

The compendium also sets forward a series of recommendations targeting public administrations, as well as a list of tips promoting a responsible conduct of tourists who decide to visit indigenous communities.

For downloads, please visit the UN Tourism E-library page: Download in English - Download in Spanish .

Weaving the Recovery - Indigenous Women in Tourism

Weaving the recovery

This initiative, which gathers UN Tourism , t he World Indigenous Tourism Alliance (WINTA) , Centro de las Artes Indígenas (CAI) and the NGO IMPACTO , was selected as one of the ten most promising projects amoung 850+ initiatives to address the most pressing global challenges. The project will test different methodologies in pilot communities, starting with Mexico , to enable indigenous women access markets and demonstrate their leadership in the post-COVID recovery.

This empowerment model , based on promoting a responsible tourism development, cultural transmission and fair-trade principles, will represent a novel community approach with a high global replication potential.

Visit the Weaving the Recovery - Indigenous Women in Tourism project webpage.

Inclusive Recovery of Cultural Tourism

INCLUSIVE RECOVERY OF CULTURAL TOURISM

The release of the guidelines comes within the context of the International Year of Creative Economy for Sustainable Development 2021 , a UN initiative designed to recognize how culture and creativity, including cultural tourism, can contribute to advancing the SDGs.  

UN Tourism Inclusive Recovery Guide, Issue 4: Indigenous Communities

Indigenous Communities

Sustainable Development of Indigenous Tourism

The Recommendations on Sustainable Development of Indigenous Tourism provide guidance to tourism stakeholders to develop their operations in a responsible and sustainable manner within those indigenous communities that wish to:

  • Open up to tourism development, or
  • Improve the management of the existing tourism experiences within their communities.

They were prepared by the UN Tourism Ethics, Culture and Social Responsibility Department in close consultation with indigenous tourism associations, indigenous entrepreneurs and advocates. The Recommendations were endorsed by the World Committee on Tourism Ethics and finally adopted by the UN Tourism General Assembly in 2019, as a landmark document of the Organization in this sphere.

Who are these Recommendations targeting?

  • Tour operators and travel agencies
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  • Indigenous communities
  • Other stakeholders such as governments, policy makers and destinations

The Recommendations address some of the key questions regarding indigenous tourism:

indigenous entrepreneurs and advocates

Download PDF:

  • Recommendations on Sustainable Development of Indigenous Tourism
  • Recomendaciones sobre el desarrollo sostenible del turismo indígena, ESP

UN Tourism/UNESCO World Conferences on Tourism and Culture

The UN Tourism/UNESCO World Conferences on Tourism and Culture bring together Ministers of Tourism and Ministers of Culture with the objective to identify key opportunities and challenges for a stronger cooperation between these highly interlinked fields. Gathering tourism and culture stakeholders from all world regions the conferences which have been hosted by Cambodia, Oman, Türkiye and Japan have addressed a wide range of topics, including governance models, the promotion, protection and safeguarding of culture, innovation, the role of creative industries and urban regeneration as a vehicle for sustainable development in destinations worldwide.

Fourth UN Tourism/UNESCO World Conference on Tourism and Culture: Investing in future generations. Kyoto, Japan. 12-13 December 2019 Kyoto Declaration on Tourism and Culture: Investing in future generations ( English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Russian and Japanese )

Third UN Tourism/UNESCO World Conference on Tourism and Culture : For the Benefit of All. Istanbul, Türkiye. 3 -5 December 2018 Istanbul Declaration on Tourism and Culture: For the Benefit of All ( English , French , Spanish , Arabic , Russian )

Second UN Tourism/UNESCO World Conference’s on Tourism and Culture: Fostering Sustainable Development. Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. 11-12 December 2017 Muscat Declaration on Tourism and Culture: Fostering Sustainable Development ( English , French , Spanish , Arabic , Russian )

First UN Tourism/UNESCO World Conference’s on Tourism and Culture: Building a new partnership. Siem Reap, Cambodia. 4-6 February 2015 Siem Reap Declaration on Tourism and Culture – Building a New Partnership Model ( English )

UN Tourism Study on Tourism and Intangible Cultural Heritage  

The first UN Tourism Study on Tourism and Intangible Cultural Heritage provides comprehensive baseline research on the interlinkages between tourism and the expressions and skills that make up humanity’s intangible cultural heritage (ICH). 

UNWTO Study on Tourism and Intangible Cultural Heritage

Through a compendium of case studies drawn from across five continents, the report offers in-depth information on, and analysis of, government-led actions, public-private partnerships and community initiatives.

These practical examples feature tourism development projects related to six pivotal areas of ICH: handicrafts and the visual arts; gastronomy; social practices, rituals and festive events; music and the performing arts; oral traditions and expressions; and, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe.

Highlighting innovative forms of policy-making, the UN Tourism Study on Tourism and Intangible Cultural Heritage recommends specific actions for stakeholders to foster the sustainable and responsible development of tourism by incorporating and safeguarding intangible cultural assets.

UN Tourism Study on Tourism and Intangible Cultural Heritage

  • UN Tourism Study
  • Summary of the Study

Studies and research on tourism and culture commissioned by UN Tourism

  • Tourism and Culture Synergies, 2018
  • UN Tourism Study on Tourism and Intangible Cultural Heritage, 2012
  • Big Data in Cultural Tourism – Building Sustainability and Enhancing Competitiveness (e-unwto.org)

Outcomes from the UN Tourism Affiliate Members World Expert Meeting on Cultural Tourism, Madrid, Spain, 1–2 December 2022

UN Tourism and the Region of Madrid – through the Regional Ministry of Culture, Tourism, and Sports – held the World Expert Meeting on Cultural Tourism in Madrid on 1 and 2 December 2022. The initiative reflects the alliance and common commitment of the two partners to further explore the bond between tourism and culture. This publication is the result of the collaboration and discussion between the experts at the meeting, and subsequent contributions.

Relevant Links

  • 3RD UN Tourism/UNESCO WORLD CONFERENCE ON TOURISM AND CULTURE ‘FOR THE BENEFIT OF ALL’

Photo credit of the Summary's cover page:  www.banglanatak.com

Sustainable Tourism

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COMMENTS

  1. Sustainable Tourism

    A key goal of the UNESCO WH+ST Programme is to strengthen the enabling environment by advocating policies and frameworks that support sustainable tourism as an important vehicle for managing cultural and natural heritage. Developing strategies through broad stakeholder engagement for the planning, development and management of sustainable ...

  2. Heritage tourism

    Heritage tourism. Cultural heritage tourism is a form of non-business travel whereby tourists engage with the heritage, tangible and intangible, moveable and immovable, of a region through activities, experiences, and purchases which facilitate a connection to the people, objects, and places of the past associated with the locations being ...

  3. UNESCO World Heritage Sustainable Tourism Online Toolkit Guide 1

    Sustainable planning and management of tourism is one of the most pressing challenges concerning the future of the World Heritage Convention today and is the focus of the UNESCO World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme. These 'How To' guides for World Heritage Site managers and other key stakeholders will

  4. World Heritage and Tourism

    The ambitious goals of UNESCO's World Heritage Convention are to ensure the protection of endangered cultural and natural resources, to enhance sustainable development primarily through heritage tourism, and, ultimately, to foster "peace in the minds of men," as outlined in UNESCO's 1945 Constitution (Di Giovine 2009).Yet because UNESCO is an intergovernmental organization that derives ...

  5. World Heritage

    This is our world heritage. But our heritage is constantly under threat - from natural disasters, wars, climate change, construction, pollution and mass tourism. In this book, we visit over 70 World Heritage Sites in 52 countries. We find out how communities, governments and organisations are working to save this extraordinary inheritance.

  6. Understanding tourism at your destination

    World Heritage partnerships for conservation. Ensuring that World Heritage sites sustain their outstanding universal value is an increasingly challenging mission in today's complex world, where sites are vulnerable to the effects of uncontrolled urban development, unsustainable tourism practices, neglect, natural calamities, pollution, political instability, and conflict.

  7. PDF UNESCO World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme

    The UNESCO World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme represents a new approach based on dialogue and stakeholder cooperation where planning for tourism and heritage management is integrated at a destination level, the natural and cultural assets are valued and protected, and appropriate tourism developed. The Programme creates an ...

  8. A Framework for Defining a World Heritage Path to Tourism: Small Island

    World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the World Heritage Advisory Bodies (ICCROM, ICOMOS, IUCN) for example the ICOMOS Tourism Charter. Also, the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, IUCN and ICOMOS all have manuals on tourism management. A framework for sites to reflect on their own tourism goals and objectives, within the requirements and benefits of

  9. PDF Sustainable & Resilient Tourism a

    Promoting sustainable tourism at World Heritage sites. Launched in 2011, the UNESCO World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme works to facilitate the management and development of sustainable tourism at World Heritage properties, particularly by fostering the awareness, capacity and equal participation of local stakeholders.

  10. Cultural heritage: tangible and intangible values, address ...

    Cultural heritage sites in general, and in particular, those inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, generate substantial revenues and employment from tourism. Similarly intangible cultural heritage, which sustains living cultural expressions and traditional know-how, as well as performing arts, holds great economic potential.

  11. Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Tourism: Drivers of Poverty ...

    UNESCO's long-standing operational programs and advocacy involving its six Culture Conventions on cultural heritage and creativity, have brought the safeguarding of cultural heritage and the promotion of creativity to the forefront of international debates as integral preconditions for communities around the globe to attain the Sustainable ...

  12. How does a UNESCO World Heritage rating affect a tourist destination

    How to define heritage With 1,153 World Heritage sites on the list, travelers shouldn't expect a one-size-fits-all approach. "Heritage" can be defined in a lot of ways, and UNESCO splits ...

  13. UNWTO International Conference on Heritage Tourism: How do we Foster

    Cultural and natural heritage are key to tourism. The UNESCO World Heritage Centre defines heritage as "our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritages are irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration." The concept of heritage has widened past tangible ...

  14. Heritage Tourism

    Each year, millions of travelers visit America's historic places. The National Trust for Historic Preservation defines heritage tourism as "traveling to experience the places, artifacts, and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past and present." A high percentage of domestic and international travelers participate in cultural and/or heritage activities ...

  15. (PDF) Heritage and Tourism

    Heritage and Tourism. Yujie Zhu Noel B. Salazar. 2015, Global Heritage: A Reader. Some argue that the globalization of heritage through tourism has led to a greater respect for (both material and living) culture than previously existed. However, the transformation of heritage properties into destinations and cultural expressions into ...

  16. Sustainable tourism strategy document

    JAK/2018/PI/H/1 REV.CONTENT Foreword Unesco Jakarta 4 Preface 6 Introduction 8 Outstanding Universal Values - Definition 10 Melaka And George Town, Historic Cities Of The Straits Of Malacca 11 World Heritage Opportunities And Responsibilities 13 Definition Of Sustainable Tourism And Community Based Management 15 Setting The Scene For Melaka And George Town 17 Results Of Workshops 19 Way ...

  17. What is Heritage Tourism

    Heritage tourism is a practice where people visit heritage sites within a country or travel abroad to historical places of significance to see centuries old past heritage and experience traditional heritage monuments, gardens, and places as recognized by UNESCO, archeological societies, and other places of historical, cultural, and natural ...

  18. Tourism and Culture

    This webpage provides UN Tourism resources aimed at strengthening the dialogue between tourism and culture and an informed decision-making in the sphere of cultural tourism. It also promotes the exchange of good practices showcasing inclusive management systems and innovative cultural tourism experiences.. About Cultural Tourism. According to the definition adopted by the UN Tourism General ...

  19. Living Heritage

    Living heritage worldwide is increasingly affected by emergencies, including conflicts and disasters caused by natural and human-induced hazards. On the one hand, emergencies directly threaten the transmission and viability of intangible cultural heritage, which provides a crucial foundation for the identity and well-being of communities ...

  20. PDF Guidelines for Green and Low-Carbon Consumption at World Heritage ites

    Definition. In 2021, the State Council of China issued guide- lines for accelerating the development of a green, low-carbon and circular economic development system to promote green ideals in planning, design, investment, construction, production, circulation, livelihoods, and consumption in a holistic way throughout the entire process of the ...

  21. UNESCO addresses sustainable tourism management at World Heritage sites

    When managed responsibly, tourism can be a driver for preservation and conservation of cultural and natural heritage and a vehicle for sustainable progress," said Ms. Maryam Soltanzadeh, delivering a message from Cvetan Cvetkovski, Officer-in-charge of the UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office, during the opening remarks. Mr.

  22. Sustainable Tourism

    Intangible Cultural Heritage; UNESCO Global Geoparks; World Heritage; Prizes; UNESCO in the World. Member States; Field Offices ... Public access to information is a key component of UNESCO's commitment to transparency and its accountability. Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005 Convention) ... Sustainable Tourism. Latest. Project ...