ESL Worksheets for Teachers

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ethical travel lesson plan

Intermediate (B1-B2)

The topic of this lesson is ethical travel. Students will listen to a radio programme about "voluntourism" and get the chance to discuss the pros and cons of combining volunteering and tourism. Students will learn level-appropriate language to talk about ethical travel with a focus on adjectives. They will read a blog about things to avoid on holiday if they want to be more ethical when they travel and take part in a roleplay with a travel agent. There is the chance to write a short essay on a topic connected to ethical travel and, in addition to this, students have the real-world task of planning an ethical holiday.

by Richard Moon

ethical travel lesson plan

Upper-intermediate (B2-C1)

This lesson is based on information from the Visit Greece website. Students will learn about Greek landmarks, geography and history and get some ideas of what to see and do if they visit Greece. Listening and reading skills will also be tested, and students will have the opportunity to prepare a presentation.

by Gillian Smylie

ethical travel lesson plan

This lesson is based on information from the Visit Mexico website. Students will learn about Mexican landmarks, geography and history and get some ideas of what to see and do if they visit Mexico. Listening and reading skills will also be tested, and students will have the opportunity to prepare a presentation.

ethical travel lesson plan

This lesson is based on information from the Visit Australia website. Students will learn about Australian landmarks, geography and history and get some ideas of what to see and do if they visit Australia. Exercises will cover vocabulary specific to Australia and some phrasal verbs. Listening and reading skills will also be tested, and students will have the opportunity to prepare a presentation.

ethical travel lesson plan

This lesson is based on information from the Discover Northern Ireland website. Students will learn about Northern Irish landmarks and history and get some ideas about what to do and see if they visit Northern Ireland. Exercises will test students’ listening and reading skills and students will have the opportunity to give a presentation.

ethical travel lesson plan

This lesson is based on information from the and Visit Wales websites. Students will learn about Welsh landmarks, language and culture, and get some ideas about what to do and see if they visit Wales. Exercises will test students’ listening and reading skills and the language point will give students practice in asking for clarification when they are unsure about something. There is also an opportunity for students to plan their own trip or do some more research into an aspect of Welsh culture.

ethical travel lesson plan

This lesson is based on information from the English Heritage and Natural England websites. Students will learn factual information about England's, tourism, politics and history. Exercises will test students’ listening and reading skills and the language point will give students practice in asking for information during a trip to England. There is also an opportunity for students to do some research into planning their own trip.

ethical travel lesson plan

In this lesson, students will learn some practical information about the geography, politics and history of Scotland, and will get some ideas about what to see and do when visiting Scotland. Exercises will test students’ listening and reading skills and the ability to work out vocabulary from context. The grammar point relates to advice and suggestions , and students will get an opportunity to practise making suggestions and giving advice in a role-play exercise. 

Note: this lesson can take 60-90mins.

ethical travel lesson plan

This lesson is centred around the topic of swimming pools and helps students to describe and compare photographs for work, study, social and exam contexts. The target language includes describing main content, the use of present continuous, the use of the verb look and modals of speculation, and how to organise a spoken description. Students activate the language in a pair work speaking activity and there are two optional extension activities to choose from: a creative writing activity and a caption matching activity.

by Stephanie Hisrchman

ethical travel lesson plan

This ESP worksheet presents a list of discussion questions designed to encourage hotel managers to talk at length about their profession.

ethical travel lesson plan

This ESP worksheet presents a list of discussion questions designed to encourage tour operators  and agents to talk at length about their profession.

ethical travel lesson plan

Pre-intermediate (A2-B1)

Students define some vocabulary related to cars and driving before reading an article about self-driving cars. The language point is making predictions about the future using will , might , may and could , as well as adverbs and likely / unlikely . Students activate the language in a discussion activity about self-driving cars and drones. There is also an optional extension activity about expressions with the word drive .

by Stephanie Hirshman 

ethical travel lesson plan

Students share experiences of having a day out before listening to a three-way conversation about planning a day out. They are introduced to language for making suggestions ( shall , let’s and how about ), compare how will and be going to are used for making plans and offers, and review the use of will and be going to for predictions. Students plan their own day out in a pair work speaking activity. There is also an optional extension relating to snack foods.

by Stephanie Hirschman  

ethical travel lesson plan

Students watch a short video about a location app called What3words . They then read an article to find out more about the app. The lesson includes vocabulary development and discussion, as well as a language point about adjective phrases with numbers and a pronunciation game with similar sounding words. There is an optional extension activity which provides extra practice with the vocabulary from the lesson.

by Stephanie Hirschman

ethical travel lesson plan

Students consider what people do on a gap year and why, before listening to a dialogue about gap year plans. They then compare and contrast the forms for talking about future arrangements, plans or intentions and predictions. The language is activated in a speaking activity where students plan and describe a gap year. There is also an optional extension activity showing how gap year experiences could be described on a CV.

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The Ethical Vagabond

Let's adventure...better..

  • Feb 17, 2023

How to Travel Ethically (Beginner's Guide)

Updated: Feb 26, 2023

ethical travel lesson plan

Traveling is an enriching and rewarding experience that broadens our horizons, introduces us to new cultures, and creates lifelong memories. However, the tourism industry can have significant negative impacts on the environment, local communities, and wildlife. As travelers, it is our responsibility to ensure that we engage in ethical and sustainable tourism practices that protect the destinations we visit and the people who call them home. In this ultimate guide, we will provide a comprehensive overview of ethical travel and offer practical tips on how to travel responsibly.

What is ethical travel?

Ethical travel, also known as responsible tourism, is a type of tourism that prioritizes the preservation of the environment, the well-being of local communities, and the protection of wildlife. It involves making conscious choices about where to go, how to get there, where to stay, and how to interact with the local culture.

Why is ethical travel important?

The tourism industry has the potential to generate significant economic benefits for communities around the world. However, if tourism is not managed responsibly, it can lead to environmental degradation, cultural commodification, and economic exploitation. Ethical travel is important because it helps to mitigate these negative impacts and create a more sustainable and equitable tourism industry.

Tips for ethical travel

1. choose your destination wisely.

Before you book your trip, research your destination and learn about its culture, history, and current issues. Consider the impact that tourism has on the local community and environment. Choose destinations that promote sustainable tourism practices and prioritize the well-being of their residents.

2. Travel light

When you travel, pack only what you need and try to avoid single-use plastic items. Bring a reusable water bottle, tote bag, and toiletry containers. Opt for eco-friendly products and avoid products made from endangered species, such as coral or sea turtle shell.

3.Choose eco-friendly transportation

Consider taking public transportation, walking, or cycling instead of renting a car or taking taxis. If you do need to rent a car, choose a fuel-efficient vehicle. Consider offsetting the carbon emissions from your flights by purchasing carbon credits or donating to environmental causes.

4. Support local businesses

Choose locally-owned hotels, restaurants, and shops that support the local economy and culture. Avoid large international chains that may have a negative impact on the local community. Shop at local markets and support local artisans.

5. Respect local cultures and customs

Learn about the customs and traditions of the local culture before you visit. Dress appropriately and be respectful of religious and cultural practices. Avoid behaviors that could be offensive or disrespectful, such as taking photos of people without their permission.

6. Be mindful of wildlife

Do not purchase products made from endangered species or participate in activities that exploit or harm animals, such as elephant rides or dolphin shows. Choose wildlife experiences that promote conservation and protection of natural habitats.

7. Reduce your waste

Dispose of your waste properly and recycle when possible. Avoid leaving trash or littering in natural areas. Choose environmentally-friendly tours and activities that minimize waste and protect the environment. If you need to buy new gear for a trip, consider buying from ethical businesses and organizations that make their items from repurposed or scrap materials.

8. Give back

Consider volunteering or making a donation to a local organization that supports the community or the environment. Choose responsible tour operators that give back to the community and promote sustainability.

Ethical travel is a responsible and sustainable way to explore the world while minimizing negative impacts on the environment and local communities. By making conscious choices about where to go, how to get there, and how to interact with the local culture, travelers can help to create a more sustainable and equitable tourism industry. Use this ultimate guide as a resource to help you plan your next ethical travel adventure.

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ethical travel lesson plan

Bernina Express train in the Albula Valley, Switzerland. Photo by Roberto Moiola/Getty

How to be a more ethical traveller

You are itching to get out there and want to do it with care. how do you avoid traps like voluntourism and greenwashing.

by Carolin Lusby   + BIO

is an associate professor in the School of Hospitality and Tourism Management at Florida International University in Miami, co-director of the Global Sustainable Tourism Degree, and a Fulbright Scholar recipient. She is passionate about travel and sustainability, and writes about these topics regularly.

Edited by Matt Huston

Listen to this Guide.

Need to know

Travel is one of the great joys of life. But, increasingly, many of us have a desire to tread more lightly as we travel – to reduce the negative impacts that we’ve heard it can have on communities and the climate, and to travel in ways that benefit them. In short, to travel more ethically.

Perhaps you feel this desire, too. Amid the global disruptions of recent years, many have felt the urge to get off the hamster wheel and re-examine what they value. That reflection ought to extend not only to where we live and how we work, but also to where we go in our free time. For many, enduring the COVID-19 pandemic has reinforced the need to be in awe of something, to visit sites of natural beauty, to engage in cultural exchange, to learn new things. These activities all contribute to our wellbeing, and they are all among the reasons why we yearn to travel. At the same time, we have witnessed how, in some ways, the planet benefits when we stay at home: sharp reductions in travel due to the pandemic lockdowns led to signs of nature recovering, and the oceans and skies clearing up.

The environmental harms and other negative consequences of mass travel (we’ll examine some of these below) might make you wonder if you are being selfish by travelling cross-country or overseas. Does choosing to travel mean you are putting your own desires above the needs of other people, or of future generations? Can it still be ethical to travel? Indeed, I would argue that travel, including recreational travel, remains a valuable endeavour and is good for humankind – as long as we make conscious choices about how to do it.

If you’d like to become a more ethical traveller but aren’t sure how to proceed, let’s first take a closer look at a few of the main problems posed by conventional forms of travel. We can then explore how to adopt more responsible approaches to travel while still enjoying its many benefits.

The ethical challenges of travel-as-usual

Tourism has grown exponentially over the past century, with an estimated 1.4 billion international tourist arrivals in 2018. While recreational travel has long been hailed as a tool for economic development – through spending on things such as accommodation, food and tours, and the creation of jobs that support the industry – the economic benefits are commonly overshadowed by drawbacks such as low pay and seasonality in work, limited opportunities for the advancement of local employees, and the leakage of money away from the local economy. Many travellers now stay at all-inclusive resorts, on cruise ships, or in big tourism complexes, so their spending largely flows out to multinational companies.

The negative sociocultural impacts of tourism on local communities are varied, but they can include outcomes such as crowding and the displacement of residents; the loss of local culture or its commodification; and resentment stemming from tourists having favoured access to resources. ‘Access’ has many meanings here. Think of inflation that hikes up prices for locals, the strain on local water resources due to hotels, cruises and golf courses, or a loss of access to beaches because of large-scale resorts. All of these are examples of a power struggle in which tourism is developed from the top down, instead of being used as a tool for locals to enhance their quality of life.

Among the most consequential effects of mass travel, of course, are the carbon emissions of the airplanes, cruise ships and cars that get us where we want to go, which are significant contributors to the climate crisis. At individual travel destinations, tourism can lead to problems such as pollution and the loss of natural habitats.

Here’s the important thing: as a consumer, you have the power to help shift practices in the travel industry. When many food consumers started demanding more organic options, the food industry responded. Similarly, consumers who collectively choose tourism products that are better for the planet and for people can push suppliers to adapt. There are signs that many travellers’ views have shifted – that more of us are seeking more authentic and ethical travel experiences.

Travel’s benefits should not be discounted. Not only does it provide opportunities for personal fulfilment, it can also lead to international friendships and has the potential to promote intercultural understanding and, ultimately, peace. Organisations such as the International Cultural Youth Exchange and the Fulbright US Student Program were founded partly based on this premise. Visiting other countries and encountering other cultures reminds us that we are all part of one planet, one human race. By making conscious choices about how we travel, we can also contribute to cultural preservation, the conservation of ecosystems, and the support of local livelihoods at our destinations.

So how can you start travelling in a more ethical way? Increased awareness of your options is key. I have worked in the tourism industry as a tour guide and an adventure guide, in hotels and resorts and on cruise ships, and I have researched and written about tourism for more than 15 years. Much of my scholarship focuses specifically on ethical travel and, in my role as a professor in tourism, I oversee our global sustainable tourism degree and regularly lead groups on trips. In this Guide, I’ll draw on what I’ve learned from these experiences, so you can take your own journeys in ways that benefit both you and the places you visit.

Select your destination with care

As you decide to travel more ethically, you will ideally want to choose destinations that have not been overrun by tourism and where your money can be especially beneficial. While you might understandably be drawn to places like Venice, Amsterdam or Bali – which get filled to the brim with tourists – it is worth also considering destinations such as Slovenia, Botswana or less-visited islands in Indonesia. These places also have much to offer travellers, the destinations will not be as overrun, and your money will likely have a bigger impact. So take some time to explore options that are less crowded. If you do choose a typically crowded destination, take the time to research when its peak seasons are (for much of Europe, it’s the summer months) and when the cruise ships are in town to avoid the highest-density times.

Also consider alternatives to all-inclusive resorts or cruise ships. Destinations that have been overdeveloped and that are now heavily characterised by all-inclusive resorts often see extreme economic leakage as a result (ie, much of the tourism money spent within the country is sent elsewhere). And locations that are on cruise itineraries commonly suffer from crunch times in which they are overcrowded by tourists. Cruises may visit many destinations, yet they offer relatively few benefits to those destinations and can have detrimental impacts on the environment. They also tend to keep travellers in a ‘tourism bubble’ and contribute to economic leakage.

You might be wondering if ethical travel is costlier by nature. Thankfully, that is not necessarily the case: staying in accommodation in a less touristy place will typically cost less, and local foods and souvenirs purchased outside of tourist zones are often more affordable.

Once you have decided where you want to go, choose your accommodation wisely. If possible, choose lodgings that are locally owned, as opposed to a brand-name hotel or resort run by a corporation that is based elsewhere. In this way, you can help ensure that your tourism spending actually benefits the local community. If it’s not clear whether an establishment is owned by locals (eg, from an ‘About’ page on its website), you might want to call or send an email to ask.

When researching accommodation, you can also seek out places that have been certified for sustainable practices. Be mindful of the fact that many operators (the companies that provide travel services) pretend to be environmentally friendly, knowing that consumers want to feel good about their choices. In order to avoid ‘greenwashing’, choose properties that have received the stamp of approval from an accredited certification agency or that can at least show you that they do more than just let you choose when to wash your towels and linens. You might look for properties that have been certified by the Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC), EarthCheck, or Green Globe (which lists members on its website). And many booking sites now make it easier for travellers to identify more sustainable options. and KAYAK both have sustainable travel badges for properties that meet certain guidelines. Similarly, TripAdvisor has a ‘GreenLeaders’ badge.

For some establishments, often called ecolodges, benefiting the local environment and community is a core part of the mission. By staying at one, you can contribute to the preservation of natural resources. For example, when I lead my university’s sustainable tourism study-abroad programme in Belize, a favourite stop is Chaa Creek Ecolodge by the Macal River. Its 400-acre nature reserve protects local forest from timbering and preserves a habitat for wildlife. The list of sustainable practices at Chaa Creek is long: staff collect rainwater to use for washing and laundry; food is grown on the resort-owned farm or purchased from local vendors; facilities are built from sustainable materials, and in a way that blends with the natural environment of the rainforest; and so on. Environmental interpretation is another important feature of ecolodges; guests at Chaa Creek are educated about the local environment and Maya culture on free guided walks. These practices are communicated to guests on their website.

Weigh your options for how to get there

Is it possible to take a train or bus on the way to your destination rather than flying the whole way (or flying at all)? Public transportation is often an affordable option and has a much smaller carbon footprint.

Research shows that a full bus is a relatively low-carbon solution for travel. Travelling by train is another good option: it can cut your carbon emissions by half, or more, when compared with taking a flight. Things get a little more complex when you consider a flight’s occupancy rates. An article in 2021 on the website Treehugger notes that, if a plane is largely empty, the rate of emissions per passenger increases dramatically. So carpooling with other people is probably more climate-friendly than riding on an unfilled plane. But a flight full of passengers is likely a better option, in terms of CO 2 emissions, than travelling the same route by yourself in a gasoline-powered car. Some online carbon-footprint calculators can estimate the climate impact of your trip, based on which mode of transport you use.

If you have to fly, try to fly nonstop and on routes that are booked more fully. Google’s flight-booking tool now displays and compares estimates of carbon emissions for each flight (though the tool currently appears to underestimate the full climate impact of flying). While many argue that it is most important to reduce the carbon footprint of travel, you could also seek to offset a portion of the greenhouse gases that flying emits through a plethora of offset programmes, such as the one offered by Sustainable Travel International. Just be sure to research your options, as not all carbon offset programmes are considered effective.

Lastly, avoid jam-packed itineraries that have you jetting from destination to destination, and instead opt for a slower approach to travel – one where you take more time to engage with your destination, unwind and connect more deeply with the culture, people and the environment there. This can be better for the environment, in terms of saving carbon emissions, and also better for your wellbeing.

Choose dining and activities that support local interests

Plan to eat local while at your destination: that is, choose locally owned restaurants and food that is typical for the region. Not only will you get a taste for the cuisine, but you will also help to reduce economic leakage. When I plan my tours, I make it a goal to include a few days staying in a relatively small community (ie, a village) that engages in community-based tourism – in which tourist activities are planned and implemented by, and bring benefits to, the local community. One of the communities I visit in Belize features a restaurant that is entirely run by a women’s group. All monies earned are divided between those women. Not only do the visiting groups get to taste local dishes such as chimole or garnachas and meet families in the community, they also directly contribute to the livelihoods of the families of these women (and to the broader community, as these families in turn spend locally).

When planning other activities, seek operators that aim to educate, to conserve, and to minimise negative impacts on the local environment or community. For example, a snorkel operator who also teaches you about the local reef – and how you and other visitors can help reduce damage to it – adds more value to a trip, from an ethical perspective, than one who simply takes masses of people for a quick ride to the reef. Certain operators also make it a point to give back to local communities by training local guides, providing scholarships for children, or charging guests a community fee that is then used for development. Check out the websites or materials of tour operators. Are they transparent about where the money goes and who their suppliers or vendors are? Do they have a purchasing policy that favours local sources?

Try to get out of the tourist bubble, both physically and psychologically. Tourists typically stay in well-known tourist districts marked by guidebooks and touristic facilities. Many also travel to their destinations through tour operators from their country of origin, then stay in big resorts where they can eat food from their home country, watch TV from their culture, and so on. This restriction to a comfortable cultural bubble often happens without the tourist being well aware of it. Getting out of the tourist bubble – such as by venturing outside of a resort, taking a local class, going to a local music performance, staying in locally owned places, and using the transport options of your host country – not only gives you more of an opportunity to connect to your destination and the people who live there, it allows more of the financial benefits of tourism to reach them.

Also consider visiting a protected area that is open to the public, such as a national park, state park or even private protected areas. The aim of protected areas is conservation, and regulated tourism is a tool for monetarily supporting the existence of many of these areas. When you pay entry fees to protected areas, you contribute to their preservation. In Florida, I love visiting the Everglades National Park, which charges an entrance fee; in turn, the area is spared from the sprawling development of south Florida, there are no airboats allowed, and nature is conserved. Similarly, the Saba Marine Park in the Caribbean was established to protect the coral and marine environment around the island of Saba, and divers are charged a small fee for each dive there. Local guides will help you understand the environment you visit, and you will return home with a deeper appreciation for the wonders of this planet and the resource you had the privilege to see.

Seek genuine and respectful interaction with residents

Always travel with a sense of respect for your hosts and their culture. You are a guest at your destination, and also a cultural ambassador for your home country. Travel with that consciousness. To guide your interactions with locals, learn a few words in the local language if it differs from yours, ask before you take pictures of people or their possessions, and respect local customs and traditions.

Try to engage in at least one experience that allows for meaningful, direct interaction with people who live locally at your destination. Why are these experiences important? They provide opportunities for intercultural understanding and bridge-building, and they can enrich both the host and the traveller. If you travel with a socially conscious tour operator, they will often plan these encounters for you through a community visit, giveback activity or other social interactions. If you are an independent traveller, you could connect with locals through events on websites such as Meetup or Airbnb Experiences, or you could book a local cooking or dance class or another experience hosted by a local.

Another way to engage in meaningful and respectful interactions is through programmes that match visitors with hosts, enabling them to experience local culture, play a sport, volunteer, cook or share a meal together. One example is the Bahamas People-to-People programme, for which individual travellers fill out an online profile and are then matched with local hosts. I personally tried this when I visited the Bahamas and was matched with an amazing local couple who took me out to eat conch salad. We had a beer at their favourite local spot and talked at length about life and the culture of the islands. We stayed friends for many years – and they later came to visit Miami, where I took them out to one of my own favourite places.

For similar opportunities at your specific destination, you might check out a travel website such as Withlocals (which enables travellers to book experiences with local guides) or try a homestay visit. Homestays are programmes that let you stay directly with a local family, either in their house or in specific tourist housing in the community.

After the trip, share the experience with others

Give a positive review to operators and vendors who have gone above and beyond to aid the local community and to contribute to the preservation of local resources – all while providing you with an excellent experience – on the websites where they are listed and/or a shout-out on social media. Mention key terms such as sustainability , giveback and ethical travel . In this way, you help other travellers find these companies and individuals more easily and support their work.

As you share pictures and stories from your travel adventures on social media, mention the conscious choices you made and what you liked about your experiences. For example, if you made choices to reduce your environmental impact, what were they? In doing so, you can entice other travellers to think more consciously about their own travel choices and give them ideas about where to start.

Key points – How to be a more ethical traveller

  • Mass tourism has negative impacts on people and the planet. Travelling has many potential benefits, but travel-as-usual comes with environmental, economic and social drawbacks.
  • You can still enjoy the rewards of travel in a more ethical way. Making thoughtful travel choices not only enhances your trips but could help encourage change in the industry.
  • Select your destination with care. Think twice about choosing the most crowded places. Seek accommodation that is locally owned and that has been recognised for its sustainable practices.
  • Weigh your options for how to get there. Flying is costly to the climate. Try to minimise your emissions from flights – or, better yet, take buses or trains, or carpool instead.
  • Choose dining and activities that support local interests. Get outside the tourist bubble and find restaurants run by locals, community-minded tour operators, and others who benefit the place you’re visiting.
  • Seek genuine and respectful interaction with residents. Think of yourself as a cultural ambassador, and aim to have at least one experience each trip in which you interact directly with locals.
  • After the trip, share the experience with others. Promote those who helped to enrich your journey, and spread the word about options for more ethical travel.

Volunteer tourism’s pitfalls and potential

Volunteer tourism ­– aka voluntourism: the combination of tourism and volunteering at a destination – can be a worthwhile way to connect with local people and give back to the local community. Traditionally, the volunteering was organised by churches, youth clubs or nonprofit agencies, and required a lengthy time commitment, intense preparation and planning. Over time, volunteering became a popular activity for travellers, turning it into a big industry. Unfortunately, this huge demand shifted the focus from making a difference in local communities toward fulfilling the desires of the traveller – eg, with more flexible programmes and short-term volunteering opportunities. The focus on the consumer created problems that have haunted this niche market, including inadequate volunteer preparation. In short, the industry rushed to meet the needs of tourists with insufficient regard for what communities really needed.

If you are interested in volunteering while abroad, it’s important to inform yourself about any organisation that facilitates volunteer tourism – including how it chooses projects and prepares volunteers, how much of the money that’s spent on a programme stays with the local community, and what your specific duties as a volunteer would be.

Special attention should be given when the volunteering involves working with children. Many companies in this industry do not run background checks on their volunteers or vet them for appropriate skills. Well-meaning volunteers are often not sufficiently trained to teach or work with children. And many tourism organisations do not directly manage volunteer programmes on site, instead outsourcing the oversight to local organisations. This means that often children have no one to report to, and likewise volunteers who witness violence or other problems may be unable to find a responsible person to talk to. Volunteering in an orphanage abroad is especially something to avoid, as many of these have been built specifically for tourism. In these cases, children are often recruited from their parents in small villages based on promises that they will get a good education and opportunities.

Misguided volunteer tourism has also led to many mismanaged projects, such as a building project in which shoddy construction work done by volunteers has to be redone properly by locals.

When it is done well, however, volunteering abroad can have positive impacts on a community. It can help fill the gap where local resources are insufficient, and tourists who volunteer can also help stimulate the local economy through their tourism dollars. Projects that have you commit a few weeks minimum are likely to be more beneficial and ethical. The Karenni Social Development Center in Thailand asks volunteers to commit to three months. Many programmes do work with local stakeholders and train volunteers. The nonprofit Reef Doctor, which does conservation work in Madagascar, offers a good example of a transparent programme.

To engage in ethical volunteering, avoid projects and operators that lack transparency into how projects are selected and where the money goes. Also avoid those that use belittling ‘poverty marketing’, which uses images of starved or poor children or adults to attract the attention of the volunteer. Look for an operator that shows responsibility in selecting volunteers and projects, and most of all involves the local community in project selection so that real local needs are met. Reflect on your own preparation and motivation for volunteering, too: are you willing to adapt to and respect the local culture, to be trained for your role or to show the necessary skills?

Links & books

In my book Destination Unknown: Sustainable Travel and Ethical Tourism (2021), I highlight the problems that mass tourism has created and the ways the industry can change for the better by using ethical accommodation design, creating space for local encounters, facilitating cultural tourism, and offering meaningful volunteer activities.

The documentary Gringo Trails (2013) beautifully tells the story of various destinations over a period of several decades. It highlights the many devastating consequences for tourist destinations of unplanned travel, but also shows how tourism can be used for good.

The nonprofit organisation Ethical Traveler selects its top ethical travel destinations each year, shares advice for ethical travel, and also offers group trips. Its main aims are to protect the environment and human rights.

The episode ‘The Appeal of Mass Tourism in the Age of Authentic Travel’ (2015) of the Skift Podcast summarises the issues with mass tourism and argues for the diversification of tourism areas as well as imposing carrying capacities for destinations.

The short documentary Crowded Out: The Story of Overtourism (2018) eloquently explains the impact of excessive tourism, and documents the factors that allowed the industry to grow to such proportions.

The film Bye Bye Barcelona (2014) highlights the many impacts of overtourism on the Spanish city, suggesting that it has lost its soul or essence. It also shows how tourism has displaced locals, and the fight they put up for their hometown.

ethical travel lesson plan

How to use ‘possibility thinking’

Have you hit an impasse in your personal or professional life? Answer these questions to open your mind to what’s possible

by Constance de Saint Laurent & Vlad Glăveanu

ethical travel lesson plan

The nature of reality

How to think about time

This philosopher’s introduction to the nature of time could radically alter how you see your past and imagine your future

by Graeme A Forbes

ethical travel lesson plan

Cognitive and behavioural therapies

How to stop living on auto-pilot

Are you going through the motions? Use these therapy techniques to set meaningful goals and build a ‘life worth living’

by Kiki Fehling

  • Teaching secondary
  • Lesson plans
  • Secondary lesson plans - Intermediate B1

Round-the-world travellers

This lesson offers a variety of activities based on British round-the-world travellers; a cyclist, a running granny and a teenage sailor.

ethical travel lesson plan

Students will firstly review country names, and then there is an activity to pre-teach vocabulary for a jigsaw reading task, where students will explain their texts to each other. There follows a role play in which students play the part of a traveller or a journalist, and this is followed by a task where students compare ideas on advice to world travellers. Finally there is a more open discussion task about young people, travel and world records.

Aims: • To learn vocabulary related to travel and adventure • To develop reading skills • To practise speaking skills Age group: 12- adult

Level: B1 / B2

Time: 60 minutes

Materials: Around-the-world travellers student worksheet, jigsaw reading texts, and lesson plan

Copyright – Please read

All the materials on these pages are free and available for you to download and copy for educational use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place these materials on any other web site without written permission from the BBC and British Council. If you have any questions about the use of these materials, please e-mail [email protected]  

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Home » Responsible Travel » Responsible Travel 101: How to Be Ethical on the Road in 2024

Responsible Travel 101: How to Be Ethical on the Road in 2024

It’s time to hit the road. Time to skull no less than 27 beers a night, light garbage cans on fire for fun, go elephant riding, and never take a single local bus because, duh, they might kill me.

Yeah, nah – it’s time for a reality check.

There is no need to be  that guy. The guy who goes around the world and comes back the exact same as when they left.

No, you can and SHOULD travel responsibly.

I know that the Earth is on fire, that there is crushing poverty, and life is a bit weird right now. But still, life goes on. Travel is something a lot of us will continue to do. Travel is something that will continue to unlock INSANE personal growth in those that embark on that quest.

But responsible travel – leaving the campsite damn cleaner than you found it – is something that needs to be drilled into everyone.

We only have one Earth, and as the privileged few who get to travel around it freely, we have a responsibility to keep it beautiful. We have a responsibility to it AND to each other. It’s not just about leaving something exactly as we found it: responsible travellers make a place better simply for having been there, and in doing so, they spread the good that the traveller community can provide.

So buckle up folks, I’m diving into how to be responsible travellers, aka, the very best you can be.

hiker on top of the mountain looking at sunrise

What is Responsible Travel?

Responsibility to other people, responsibility to the land, responsibilty to yo’self, other tips for being a responsible traveller, how to be a responsible tourist and do cool things, travel safely – for everyone’s sake, faqs about responsible travel.

Responsible travel is simple. Don’t be a dick.

Sure, I could wax on about the ethical properties of this decision or that decision. But really, we know how to be a good person. We just sometimes forget or are ignorant as to how to be better.

In short, a responsible traveller is: “(Someone) that gives a fuck … who doesn’t litter and doesn’t abuse the environment, culture, traditions, or people of another place.”

Responsible travel can be split into three parts:

  • Responsibility to Peoples & Culture.
  • Responsibility to Land & Environment.
  • Responsibility to Your Damn Self.

Ok, cool, but how do I put that into practice? Well, let’s do this.

ethical travel lesson plan

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I can’t make you care about other people. But I can tell you to treat them with more respect.

I mean, why’d you go travelling in the first place? To experience a way of life outside of your own. To connect. With people.

At the heart of travelling is a connection with other people.

But you need to avoid that cringe-y attitude of the numbskull tourist. You know the ones.

  • They post a picture of a slum tour but wouldn’t talk to a homeless person even in their home country.
  • They’re loud and obnoxious when things don’t go their way.
  • They don’t even thank their drug dealers.

Just be a bit humble and remember to say please and thank you, and honestly? You’re halfway there.

1. Couchsurf and Connect

travel to iran

Going Couchsurfing is one way to step into someone’s home for a night or two. You don’t pay a single dollar. Just a guest and a host, tourist and a local, an “us” and a “them”, sharing a house and a meal.

And in this humble, broke-ass dirtbag’s opinion, the quickest way to break down the barrier between ‘me’ and ‘them’ is to share a meal. Or a cigarette. But a meal is better for everyone involved, so ash that ciggie and get cooking.  

Of course, it’s not about the money saved but the memories made. 

To be a responsible traveller, you gotta see the world as your neighbours. And one way to do that is to step inside someone’s house and share an epic meal! 

Couchsurfing is also a way to ensure you travel off the beaten path – which is naturally where all the juicy personal growth and hold-your-gut-funny travel stories all happen!

2. Don’t Haggle Like a Buttmunch

The art of haggling is not the same as high stakes hostage negotiations.

It’s just two folks naming a price for what they want to sell or what they want to buy. So by all means, don’t pay more than you want to for those damn tomatoes! 

In a lot of cultures, not haggling is seen as borderline rude. There is a jostle to be expected. It’s a dance! But, there comes a point when you need to take a step back. 

a Pakistani man selling to a tourist wearing boots and a backpack over a colourful blanket

Whatever the fuck struggles you’ve personally faced in your life, someway and somehow you made it out. You have the funds behind you to be in a foreign country. You have the ultimate upper hand – a bad bargain is not going to bankrupt you. 

So don’t be a buttmunch. There may come a time when it isn’t worth haggling over what amounts to 10 or 20 cents. Say bye-bye ego, and know when the dance is done. 

3. Be Nice to yo Drug Dealers (and Everyone on the Margins)

“Hey bro, for you I have a very special good morning price on the hashish that will blow up your mind, baba-ji.”

Yeah, look, I think we all know by this point that buying drugs from the first guy that pulls delightful little things out of his pocket on the street corner, is not going to end well for you. 

But there’s still no need to harangue the poor guy.  

“Yeah baba, the same special price you offer every other foreigner hey?”

Have a joke instead of being rude. Trust me, I’ve made a good few friends by saying no drugs. Well, saying no to their drugs anyway. (Let’s face it, drugs and travel go together like a doobie and a hammock.)

man smoking a chillum of hash in pakistan with a massive snow covered mountain in the distance

This is a lesson on how to be a responsible traveller and a responsible person. Remember, the world is full of your neighbours. Your fellow damn humans. There is no need to treat people poorly because they provide goods and services that can’t be taxed/might be in a legal grey area.

Be nice to drug dealers. And junkies… people with missing teeth… people with stutters… people with smelly clothes. The operative word in all of the above is ‘people’ .

And respect sex workers too. You know what, be good to everyone you have sex with on the road , whether or not you pay them. The life of a carefree wandering soul doesn’t mean you should leave a trail of broken hearts in your wake; there’s no growth and sincerity in that.

So thank your drug dealer and be kind to those on the margins. The only thing that separates you from them is one bad day.

Everybody has their story: everybody knows something you do not.  

4. Learn Some Local Phrases

Nothing lights up someone’s face more than a foreigner trying to wrap their tongue around a new mother tongue. 

I mean, it’s objectively funny when I accidentally say I like your balls instead of I like those drawers.

two women laughing with two pints of beer on the table.

Learning the language of the place you travel to shows you want to connect on a personal level, and not just stare at the locals like they’re getting in the way of your sightseeing. 

Respect and ethical travelling go hand in hand. So again, it’s time to say bye-bye ego and hello to learning new languages. 

You don’t have to be a polyglot whiz either. A simple hello, thank you, I think you’re cute , all go a long way to making yourself some new friends – or a date!

I think one of the most fun and treasured travel experiences I’ve had was my Guatemalan neighbour teaching me to swear. Quickly we went from two strangers sharing a dilapidated jungle house, to two friends. 

No mames wey! A la verga ey, no chingas me heuvos, puto! (Don’t google translate this please – it’s very rude!)

5. Be a Responsible Volunteer

The world needs volunteers. We need good souls looking to give some free labour and love. The world does not need ego stroking maniacs who want to do very little while gawking at the locals .

Ultimately, volunteering allows you to bear witness to the country you’ve travelled to in a very different way. You’ll be living with and working with a local community in an inherently closer capacity than you would if you were staying in hostels.

Backpacker helping an old man to harvest some vegetables.

Giving your skills working as an English teacher or a carpenter or even an artist is a valuable way to spend your time abroad. I think the important thing here, as always, is don’t be a dick.

  • Don’t overstate your skill level.
  • Be realistic about the time you can commit to a place.
  • Give the energy to volunteering that you would to your paid work.

There are reservations around voluntourism – and with good reason, too. All too often your monetary donations are eaten up by middlemen, or you come to find out that the volunteering you did may have done more harm than good.

That’s where Worldpackers steps in. They’re a trustworthy organisation that you can use to help find you a placement that suits your skills. It’s a way to give back knowing that you’re making the world just that much better. Fuck. Yes.

ethical travel lesson plan

Worldpackers: connecting travellers with  meaningful travel experiences.

Let’s face it: the world can seem pretty fucked. Especially the environment.

Shit’s getting hotter, wetter, wilder. Catastrophes pile up decade after decade. And yet it’s still a hard sell for people to fly fewer planes and use less plastic. Come on. 

There are a few simple tricks to being a responsible traveller who wants to do good by this shared pale blue dot we live on. 

backpacker will sitting on top of a loaded bus while hitchhiking in nepal

  • Fly less.  If you must fly, then offset your carbon footprint.
  • If you can’t walk, then you hitch a ride. Or ride a bike . Or sail a boat ! If you can’t hitch a ride, then share a bus/truck/minivan crammed sardine-full. If you can’t do that, then train. No train? Then maybe fly. 
  • Leave the campsite cleaner than you found it. Pick up trash even when it’s not yours. 
  • Think twice about where you’re staying. Do you really need another boozy, MDMA-laced night in a chain hostel? Or will staying in an eco-lodge fulfill you just as well?
  • Eat local. Because if you didn’t grow it or shoot it, it had to travel to you. Whether by plane, cargo ship, or truck – it had to travel to you. So go to the source and eat like you give a shit about the planet. Plus, street food is always the best !
  • How often do you really need to do your laundry? The less you wash, the less water you use . Also, consider what you’re stuffing your clothes in – another cheap knock off fast-fashion backpack or an something more sustainable ?

Using Less Plastic. Using NO Platic.

One of the easiest things you can do in your quest to become a more responsible traveller is USE LESS PLASTIC. Overall.

But you know what? Single-use plastic? Yeah, fuck that shit right off.

How many beautiful beaches have you walked on that have been spoiled by plastic water bottles and fishing lines? There are truly terrifying images of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch that is now three times the size of France . Every bit of plastic ever produced still exists in some form today…

Travel with a water bottle. Say no to plastic bags (you’re a backpack er, no?). Flying triangle choke-hold that bloody tourist that throws his stupid bloody ciggie butt in the river until he piddles in his pantaloons!

(Or, y’know, have a kind but stern conversation with him to educate on the necessities of binning ya butts.)

Are you going to save the world with your metal straw and reusable water bottle? Probably not. But hey, you’re going to be part of the solution instead of part of the problem. So, yay!

grayl geopress filter bottle

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Single-use plastic bottles are a MASSIVE threat to marine life. Be a part of the solution and travel with a filter water bottle. Save money and the environment!

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Will sitting in a zen yoga pose on top of a colourful rickshaw/ tuk tuk in India

Obviously, you should give a shit about the planet and all the wild and wonderful people who find themselves living on it. But *spoiler alert* you also gotta give a shit about yourself . 

I don’t think you can be a truly responsible traveller until you’ve learnt to have a duty of care toward yourself, too.

Don’t get stuck in the traveller traps. Juicy personal growth and hold-your-gut-funny travel stories don’t come at the end of yet another wobbly bender.

I mean, jumping on the next bus outta dodge high on ketamine, then waking up in a new country and not being entirely sure which one it is? Kind of only funny the first time . As it turns out, dodge is still there when you wake up.

I think a good day of sitting in the shade and smoking a cigarette drinking a cup of self-reflection can do wonders for the long term traveller. Focusing on your mental health while travelling is vital.

  • It will help you clarify your purpose.
  • It will reconnect you with the reason why you went travelling in the first place.

And with purpose comes a sense of humility.

It’s necessary to define your travel purpose to be a responsible traveller. All too often an aimless traveller turns into a fucking asshole. Before you know it, a few too many sleepless nights will have you yelling profanities at the poor German kid on their gap year because you thought he was being rude to your homeless friend.

Call your mum and tell her that you love her. Get some good sleep, go easy on the drugs, and go hard on the good food. I swear it’ll be better in the morning.

There are several more tips that I got for you in your quest for responsible travel! These still run along the same lines of taking care of the community, the planet, and your damn sexy self. It’s all about keeping that carbon footprint small, and that big goofy heart nice and open!

Stay in an Airbnb

Audy and Will at Hobbiton in New Zealand

Airbnb (and all the awesome other sites like Airbnb ) are amazing because it allows you to book a place to stay that is ‘part of the city’. By this I mean, it is often in a residential part of the city and you get to experience neighbours in a way that you wouldn’t if you stayed in a hostel or hotel.

There are also Airbnb options that take you well off the beaten path and into towns (or jungles!) that you wouldn’t have visited had you not sought them out.

Airbnbs usually have kitchen facilities that allow you to shop local and make your own meal. So not only do you open yourself up to connecting with local people and neighbourhoods more, but you also minimise your fat-ass carbon footprint.

Go Camping Off-Grid

The backcountry is a beautiful place. Waking up to an epic spread of mountains and valleys with coffee on your wee pop up stove – honestly, there’s nothing quite like it!

Going camping can also be a good way to reduce your environmental footprint, slow down, and reconnect with yourself and the Earth. All of this makes for a more responsible traveller!

When you head out into the backcountry, you will use less water and electricity than you would if you were staying in a city. Of course, this is better for the environment. But everyone who wanders deep into nature for some camping inevitably comes back with a sense of awe and resolve to be better guardians of these wild spaces.

It is quiet out there. It makes you think. It pushes you to your limits. It makes you a better person.

tents in the mountains

That being said, make sure you leave no trace . What you take with you, comes back with you.

Have a refillable water bottle. Be mindful of how much packaging you have in your bag, and make sure it is all accounted for at the end of your hike. And if there are no toilets on the mountaintop, then do what you’ve got to do responsibly .

Whether that means digging a suitable hole and burying your business nice and deep (MINIMUM of 15 centimetres and at least 100+ metres from water sources), or whether that means sealing it up and bringing it back with you (this can happen if you’re in the snow and you run the risk of fecal matter not breaking down even if you bury it).

Pooping aside, if you put a little thought into your camping essentials and are careful to leave no trace. Camping and hiking off-grid is not only a rewarding way to travel, but it makes a responsible little Earth guardian out of you too!

Or Stay in a Local Guesthouse!

Staying in a locally run guesthouse is a perfect way to engage with a local neighbourhood beyond the way you would by staying in a hostel.

You get to invest your casharoonie straight into local hands, which just feels good . Plus, staying in a local guesthouse goes beyond charity and toward an exchange of cultures and experiences .

Another of my most treasured memories from being on the road happened in a local guesthouse in Vietnam. I remember turning up a little haggard and checking in.

Of course, I must have come off a little deranged and tired – what kind of crazy foreigner goes on a hitchhiking adventure in rural Vietnam? It wasn’t long before I was pulled into the kitchen, fed rice wine, and inducted into the ways of preparing octopus for the small outdoor barbeque.

We sat down together on the patio and shared an epic feast, a lot of laughter, and A LOT of rice wine. It was then I realised that I was about to be drunk under the table by a Vietnamese grandma!

It’s these sort of spontaneous memories that you will tell as stories the rest of your life that happen when you stay within a community and open up to the random connections travel can give you.

And it all happened at a local guesthouse!

Work Exchanges

Volunteering is excellent responsible travel fun. Always

Work exchanges are a little different to volunteering in that you exchange some of your blood, sweat and tears for a place to stay. Whereas with volunteering you’re just giving your blood, sweat and tears for the love of it.

By using a work exchange program , you will still interact intensively with local people. You still come in and bond with a community in a way that you simply wouldn’t have the chance to if you stayed in the comfort of the boozy hostel.

For me, there is nothing better than bonding with your new neighbours over the progress you both made in the garden that day, you know? Just a coupla folks sweating hard and sharing well-deserved beers at the end of the day.

Responsible travel is not just where you stay, how you travel, or how little plastic you use. It is also the way you spend your time, and what you spend your money on in the places you go.

Are you buying handicrafts from local artisans, or just the most convenient gift shop next door?

Are you going birdwatching in a beautiful untouched forest, or are you petting a drugged up tiger?

There is simply a more ethical way to buy mementos or engage in typical tourist activities.

a yak looking back at the camera as seen with the hindu kush mountains and a white glacier in the background

I cannot stress enough, how quickly your good intentions of visiting a local zoo can start to contribute to the fucked-up-ness of animal cruelty.

Elephant tourism is one industry, in particular, that is rife with cruelty built on the backs of tourists that just don’t know any better.

If you care about minimising the suffering you inflict on your travels, then care needs to be taken when it comes to engaging with animal tourism . There are more ethical ways to interact with animals when travelling, but I think the question remains: is petting that cute lil’ buddy worth his years of suffering?

When it comes to buying some souvenirs for yourself, I think it can be a very positive thing for the local economy. You can put your money straight into the hands of a local artisan, rather than wash your cash through a charity’s bureaucracy.

However, keep in mind that there’s no need to haggle like a bitch. And also, watch out for middlemen and travel scams . You want to buy from the artist, not their glorified pimp.

ethical travel lesson plan

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You go travelling never thinking that shit might hit the fan – until it does.

Of course, you’re having no fun when dengue fever has you hallucinating in your hammock and praying to a God you don’t believe in. But you know what, your ex-boyfriend isn’t having fun cleaning up your puke and your mum wasn’t stoked to hear of your near-death experience, either.

If only you had had travel insurance and could’ve taken your sorry-ass to the hospital, hey?

I won’t tell you that you need travel insurance but I will tell you that you’re gonna be glad you did get it.

Here at The Broke Backpacker, we’re a fan of World Nomads. They’re an easy, reliable company that will cover your ass when shit hits the fan.

ALWAYS sort out your backpacker insurance before your trip. There’s plenty to choose from in that department, but a good place to start is Safety Wing .

They offer month-to-month payments, no lock-in contracts, and require absolutely no itineraries: that’s the exact kind of insurance long-term travellers and digital nomads need.

ethical travel lesson plan

SafetyWing is cheap, easy, and admin-free: just sign up lickety-split so you can get back to it!

Click the button below to learn more about SafetyWing’s setup or read our insider review for the full tasty scoop.

The long and the short of it; the burning questions about responsible travel!

What is meant by responsible travel?

Put very simply,  don’t be a dick. To elaborate: to travel responsibly you leave a small carbon footprint but a big, happy footprint on the hearts of those you meet. Reduce your single use plastics and smile more, homie. It’s that simple

What’s an easy way to be a responsible tourist?

You can do lots of little things that add up to being a responsible tourist. You can carry a good reusable water bottle with you to reduce your single-use plastics. You can help an old lady cross the street and say thank you to the guy who made your Pad Thai in the local language. It really is the little things, man.

What can I do about my plastic usage while travelling?

There are many simple ways to reduce plastic your plastic footprint usage while travelling! Again, it’s the little things that add up here. Bring your own bags and water bottle. Eat out of a coconut instead of a plastic box. It’s a good time, promise.

How do I take care of my mental health on the road?

Would you guess I’m gonna tell you it’s the little things that add up?  Because it is. Eat some fruit, get some vitamin D, and journal. Practise gratitude. Call your mum and tell her you love her. Know when it’s time to take a break. Life goes in cycles and the rest cycle is perhaps the most vital of them all. Know when it’s time to take a wee nap. It’s always brighter in the morning.

What if I just want to light the bin on fire?

Then I’ll redirect you to the mental health tips. Or tell you to go light the bin on fire in your own backyard and stop ruining it for the rest of us. Mmk?

Final Thoughts on How to Travel Responsibly

Without trying to sound like the strung-out hippies of my childhood,  slow down.

I think this is the best way to travel responsibly. It will mean you fly less – yay for the planet! It will give you purpose and keep you less stressed, which in turn will make you less of a dick to people around you.

Slowing down will help you achieve the goal of being a well rounded responsible budget traveller . 

Bike ride across a continent. Walk the Andes. Head into the West Aussie desert with a camel. But SLOW DOWN (and use your damn manners!).

No one person is going to save the world, just like no one person is going to trigger the apocalypse. And yet, all of us acting irresponsibly is how we ended up with half the world on fire and the other half in poverty.

Imagine if the 1 billion travellers in the world, all tried to travel responsibly… No one person is going to save the world, and yet all of us doing our part to travel responsibly might just put out some of the fires. And maybe, just maybe, we’ll find ourselves along the way.

Will enjoying the golden sand beaches in New Zealand

And for transparency’s sake, please know that some of the links in our content are affiliate links . That means that if you book your accommodation, buy your gear, or sort your insurance through our link, we earn a small commission (at no extra cost to you). That said, we only link to the gear we trust and never recommend services we don’t believe are up to scratch. Again, thank you!

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Thank you for such a nice and helpful content, absolutely useful!

Indeed a very extensive article, saved for re-read notably thanks to all the good links! To add, travelling responsible is not only by being self aware about individual impact; It is also making explicit choices for travel providers and service companies, by showing in your purchase decisions that you do care about what they do and how do they work to reduce their footprint and have better impact on community or environment. This is how we as tourists can expand the impact beyond ownself and bringing industry a signal and contributing to the eco-resposbile-community-animal friendly travel choices.

Wonderful, really great post! Informative, useful and lots of new things that I found. Wish more people will travel responsible and look after the nature.

Nice post and very helpful as well. As I like to travel to different places your eco friendly travel tips are very helpful to me and I would like to consider all your tips. Keep sharing such interesting and useful articles.

This is probably one of the most detailed and ultimate guides for responsible travel I’ve ever read, Ana. I am saving your post to reread it!

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How can we make travel more ethical in the post-Covid world?

Juhie Bhatia

Aug 9, 2021 • 7 min read

ethical travel lesson plan

Better understanding why and how we travel to new places is the first step towards becoming a more ethical traveler © Jupiterimages / Getty Images

As travel starts to slowly open up again in some parts of the world, how can we make our trips more ethical? This is the question explored in the new book Tread Brightly: Notes on Ethical Travel , with essays from more than a dozen writers. In this essay excerpt, writer and editor Juhie Bhatia looks at how actions from making travel a more active exchange to examining our power and privilege can move us in a more ethical direction.

Whether it’s visiting acclaimed Parisian museums, hiking through the Grand Canyon , or exploring ancient temples in Cambodia , there’s a reason so many tourists flock to the same places around the world: to experience these extraordinary natural and human-made masterpieces. Travel can be awe-inspiring, fun, and a temporary escape. It opens up the world, connecting us and allowing us to better understand other perspectives. Travel leaves an impact on us, long after we’ve returned home.

A view of Angkor Wat Temple, Cambodia. The temple is vast and ancient and is extremely popular with tourists.

Like for countless others, travel has had a significant influence on my life. As the daughter of Indian immigrants who settled in Canada, I learned early on that there were many ways to do things in this world. While this sometimes created a feeling of never quite fitting into either world, it also sparked a lifetime of wanderlust.

My itchy feet have taken me on many globetrotters’ clichés. Studying abroad in Glasgow , Scotland, followed by backpacking across Europe for a summer. Traveling through Asia after university and volunteering in India . Moving to Paris to learn French, though in truth, my fluency barely improved. Becoming a journalist, in part so I wouldn’t be bound to any one place. And, of course, many vacations.

Travel is a privilege

But over the years, these experiences began to raise questions for me about the purpose of travel and tourism, its impact on a destination, and the role privilege can play in who gets to travel and how we are treated once abroad. Often, the personal benefits we gain when traveling come at the expense of the places and people we visit. These include degradation of the environment, threats to local culture and heritage, overcrowding, and residents being priced out of their own cities.

How might we continue to reap travel’s many benefits while minimizing its damaging impacts? Are there ways to travel besides getting elbowed at the Louvre ? How can we turn travel from consumption into an active, positive exchange? Is it possible to travel better, more ethically?

Visitors take photo of Leonardo DaVinci's "Mona Lisa" which hangs on a plain wall at the Louvre Museum, August 4, 2012 in Paris, France. The painting is one of the world's most famous.

“Ethical travel really is simply mindful travel,” says Jeff Greenwald, executive director of Ethical Traveler, a California-based nonprofit organization. “It’s travel with an awareness of the places you’re visiting, your impact on those places, where your money is going, and how you can be a good representative of your own country when you travel, rather than just an example of everything that’s wrong with your own country.”

But for Greenwald, a truly ethical traveler should do more than just be mindful. “It’s being proactive in taking steps to reduce your impact, to support local businesses and individuals, and to be aware and engaged with people in these countries.”

Until the outbreak of COVID-19, international tourism had been growing rapidly. In 2019, 1.5 billion people traveled abroad for leisure, according to the United Nations World Tourism Organization, a four percent increase from the previous year. The UNWTO attributed this growth to a strong global economy, a growing middle class in emerging economies, technological advances, affordable travel costs, and greater visa facilitation.

Consequences of travel habits

While the COVID-19 outbreak has majorly slowed down the tourism industry, the good news is that even before the pandemic, increasingly more people were becoming conscious of the consequences of their travel habits and wanting to change. Recent surveys and market studies indicate that a growing portion of travelers are interested in authentic and localized travel experiences that are good for residents and destinations.

A small herd of Elephants in a field at Elephant Nature Park, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

For example, a 2019 study conducted on behalf of Exodus Travels, an adventure holiday company specializing in cultural, walking, and cycling holidays, found that about 80 percent of American travelers say they hope to become more ethically conscious in their future adventures.

The research, which surveyed 2000 internationally-traveling Americans, also revealed that 39 percent feel “travel guilt” over their past experiences abroad, especially if it involved practices like swimming with dolphins or posing for photos with captive wildlife. Respondents say that a combination of personal research, greater concern for the environment, and documentaries like Blackfish  have made them more conscientious.

Ethical travel or responsible travel?

There is no set definition of ethical travel, sometimes known as responsible travel. It means different things to different people. Ethical travel can pertain to all types of travel, from all-inclusive resorts to tiny ecotourist lodges. It can cover a wide range of actions, from small gestures – like making more meaningful connections with locals – to fundamentally changing how one travels. For some, ethical travel means showing up to a place with more openness and humility or buying fair trade products. For others, it means reducing one’s environmental footprint while traveling. And for some, it means avoiding a particular destination altogether.

A female hiker with a large rucksack makes her way along the Rota Vicentina hiking trail in Portugal. Ahead of her is a wide sandy beach, which is being lapped by a calm sea.

For Jonathan Day, an associate professor of sustainable tourism at Purdue University, ethical travel means taking individual responsibility. 

“When I define what is ethical, I’m thinking about it both as am I being environmentally ethical and am I being socially ethical?” he says. “At the end of the day, what is ethics? Ethics is about doing the right thing.”

Wanting to “do the right thing” and make a positive impact while traveling can sometimes be tricky. Whether you’re studying abroad, backpacking through a foreign country, or going camping, it can be difficult to figure out if you’re making ethical choices, or at least not actively causing harm with your travels. But sometimes even the best of intentions can go awry.

Travel writer Faith Adiele is trying to get people to think more ethically about how they travel, and the narratives used to depict our experiences abroad. Adiele is the founder of the first and only workshop in the U.S. for travel writers of color. Her goal? To decolonize travel and have us reflect on its imperialist origins.

Unidentified buddhist monks, wearing red robes, pray in Bodhnath monastery, Kathmandu. One of the monks is just a boy, while the other is a grown adult man.

“People have this rhetoric of what travel does in terms of opening our eyes,” says Adiele. One shortcoming of this approach, she says, is that it can turn locals into backdrops for our grand transformation narratives. For that to work, these people must remain primitive, “authentic,” and unchanging.

Adiele believes it’s important to travel. However, she wants people to make an effort to move past the colonial nature of travel – by thinking carefully about how to travel, how we treat the “natives” we encounter, and how we describe our travels once we return home, including on social media and to our friends and family.

Once you arrive at a destination is when the fun starts. This is no different with ethically-minded trips, with an added layer of consciousness about how you spend your time and money and interact with the people you meet.

Getting the most out of a trip can mean moving away from travel’s typical focus on consumption to an active exchange. There are many ways to do this, but a lot of it boils down to two things: being mindful of your actions and being respectful of the communities you visit. For example, when meeting new people, ask about their lives, listen, and if possible, learn a few phrases of the local language. Be aware and respectful of local customs, and approach daily experiences with a genuine desire to learn.

Extracted from the book  “Tread Brightly: Notes on Ethical Travel,”   available for  order here .

You might also like: How to choose a responsible travel operator Would you travel to pick up litter? 7 steps to becoming a mindful traveler

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ESL Games, Activities, Lesson Plans, Jobs & More

in Icebreakers + Warm-Ups · Listening · Reading · Speaking · Writing

Travel & Holidays ESL Games, Worksheets | ESL Travel Activities

If you need some fresh, new ideas for the ESL travel and holiday unit that you can find in most textbooks, then you’re in the right place. We’ll share our top ideas for games and activities, along with travel vocabulary, worksheets and lesson plans. Let’s get to the best ESL holiday activities.


ESL holiday and travel-themed activities

Let’s get into everything you need to know for an ESL holiday lesson. Keep on reading!

ESL Travel and Holiday Activities

Here are the top ESL travel activities that you may want to try out with your students.

#1: Plan a Trip

Have your students plan a dream vacation in English! Instead of researching in their first language, use Google in English. In order to practice writing, keep notes only in English. Here’s an example of how you might plan your trip using English. You can have your students add as little, or as much detail as you’d like. However, the point of the activity is to practice writing in point form which is useful when writing outlines for tests or essays.

Day 1: Monday, January 1

Fly Seoul (3pm) —-> Vancouver (7am) Check in Hotel ABC, 123 Avenue Rest, relax

Day 2: Tuesday, January 2

Stay Hotel ABC Tour Stanley Park Eat Pub XYZ dinner

Day 3: Wednesday, January 3

Check out Hotel ABC Rent car Budget 123 Drive Whistler Rent skis shop ABC Go Skiing Lunch ski lodge Check in Hotel ABC Whistler Bed early

Procedure for one of my favourite ESL travel activities:

  • Give students time to do some Internet research about a place they want to go. It’s helpful to specify the number of days. I generally make a rule that they must do this research in English. Suggest some helpful websites where they might like to start (Trip Advisor, Air BnB, etc.).
  • Students can make a day-by-day itinerary of what they’re trip is going to look like.
  • They can share about their trip with the class or turn it in for a graded assignment.

63 ESL Holiday Games & Activities: Fun Ideas for Halloween, Christmas, New Year's, Valentine's,...

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#2: A-Z Alphabet Game

If you know that your students already know a fair bit about holiday and travel, you may want to try this quick warm-up game. Or, you could consider using it as a review game at the end of a class.

The way it works is that students, in pairs or small groups write down the alphabet on a piece of paper. Then, they have to think of one travel related word for each letter. It doesn’t have to be done in order. For example:

P: Passport

The winner is the team with the most completed letters at the end of the allotted time. Do you want to find out more? Check this out: A-Z Alphabet Game ESL .

#3: Travel Word Association

This is nice ESL activity to do if you know that your students have studied about travel and holidays before. They can shout out vocabulary words related to this and you can make a mind map or sorts on the board. Group similar things together. For example, articles of clothing.

Find out more about this quick ESL warmer right here: ESL Vocabulary Word Association.

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#4: Postcards ESOL Travel Activity

If you can get your hands on some cheap postcards or have some laying around your house or teacher’s office, try out this fun writing activity. It may just be the novelty factor, but students seem to love it. This activity is ideal for working on common greetings, the past tense (more ideas here: ESL past tense games ), and using descriptive words, as well as using synonyms to avoid repetition.

Distribute the postcards to the students. You can do one per student, or put the students into pairs. They have to look at the picture on the front of the postcard and imagine that they went on this vacation. Then, they can write about their trip to a friend or family member.

Next, the students trade postcards with another student or group. After reading them, they can write a response back of at least a few sentences. Finally, you may want to display them around the class as they’re colourful and fun and other students may enjoy reading them! Have some fun with this ESOL travel activity.

  • Give each student or pair a postcard. They look at the picture and imagine what they did on that vacation, and then pretend that they’re writing to a friend or family member.
  •  Exchange postcards and another student or group have to write a response to what they read.
  • Display the postcards around your classroom (optional).

#5: Travel or Holiday Videos

I’m ALL about using videos with my ESL/EFL students. They’re fun, engaging and a nice way to grab student’s attention and introduce a topic. Of course, you can base an entire class around one too if you design the activities well.

If you want to find out more about using them in your classes and some activities and games to do with them, you’ll want to check this out: Using Videos for Teaching English .

#6: Dictogloss ESOL Travel Activity

This is a challenging activity that works on listening and writing skills. Find a short story related to holiday or travel. It could even be a description of your own vacation that you took recently.

Then, you read out the story to your students in a way that is a bit challenging for them to catch every word. Students have to take notes and then try to reconstruct what they heard based on their notes in small groups. You can read it again so that students have a chance to make some additions or corrections. Finally, students compare their version with the original.

Do you want to try it out with your students? You can learn more about one of the best ESL travel activities here: ESL Dictogloss Activity .

#7: Holidays ESL Lesson Plan

It’s easy to plan an ESL lesson about any topic, including holidays. Check out this video for the steps to follow:

#8: Yes/No Questions and Answers

If you think about it, holidays and travel lend themselves to a ton of yes/no questions. For example:

  • Did you fly or drive?
  • Did you eat some delicious things?
  • Was the food good?
  • Did you have nice weather?

If you want to see some activities or games to work on these kinds of questions, you’ll want to check this out: Yes/No Activities and Games.

67 ESL Conversation Topics with Questions, Vocabulary, Writing Prompts & More: For English Teachers...

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#9: ESL Food Activities and Games

I’m not sure if it’s the same for you, but when I travel, it’s ALL about the food. I want to try all the delicious things where I’m staying! The good news is that I have a ton of fun, interactive games and activities for food. You can easily adapt most of them to focus on holidays.

You can find out more details here: ESL Food Activities.

#10: ESL Surveys

I love to use surveys in my classes because they lend themselves to just about any topic. In the case of travel, they’re ideal for working on the present perfect and simple past together.

For example:

Have you ever travelled to another country?

Where did you go?

If you want to know more about how to design and use surveys in your classes for an ESL travel lesson, then you’ll want to check this out: Surveys for ESL Students.


ESL Travel Games and Activities

I also love to use ESL surveys to get students to express an opinion in English.

#11: Present Perfect Activities Related to Travel

The present perfect is often used to talk about vacations, travel and holidays. For example:

  • Have you ever been to another country?
  • Have you travelled to ______ before?

In order to incorporate this grammatical construction into some of your lesson, you’ll want to check this out: Present Perfect ESL Activities.

#12: Brochure Scanning

This is an excellent travel activity! You’ll have to get your hands on some travel brochures first. The way it works is that students get tons of practice with a reading sub-skill (scanning) because they have to look quickly through the brochures to find specific bits of information. For example, cost or number or days.

Do you want to try out this reading activity? You can find out all the details here: Brochure Scanning Reading Activity for ESL .

#13: Odd One Out ESL Warmer

This is a quick English warm-up activity that you can try out with your students. The way it works is that you write words, in groups of 4 on the board. 3 are similar and 1 is the odd one out. Students have to choose this one and say why it doesn’t fit. For example:

Bathing suit, sunglasses, boots, flip-flops

Answers: Boots because it’s not for a beach vacation. I accept many different answers as long as students support it well.

You can learn more about this ESL warm-up here: Odd One Out for ESL .

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#14: Would you Rather? 

I’m sure you’ve done this before with friends. You have to choose between two negative things, or two positive things. For example, how you want to die, or what you want to eat. In this case, students could choose between two types of vacation. For example:

Would you rather have a beach or forest vacation?

Would you rather stay in a big hotel, or an AirBNB?

Learn more about this nice activity for an ESL travel lesson here: ESL Would You Rather?

39 Task-Based Language Teaching and Learning Activities: A Very Practical Guide to Using TBL in the...

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#15: Task Based Activity: Dream Vacation

I love to incorporate this style of teaching into my holiday lessons. It allows students more freedom to choose what they want to learn about and also builds opportunities for some serious teamwork.

In this case, I’ll have students work in groups of 2-3 to plan a dream vacation. They can do some research to find out all the details including how to get there, food, budget, where to stay, etc. Then, they either have to write a report and hand it in to me and/or do a short presentation to the class.

Need some more ideas for this style of a lesson? Check this out: Task-Based Learning .

#16: Travel Themed Charades

I love to play charades with my students. The way it works is that you can think of some travel-related phrases. For example:

  • Flying on a plane
  • Sleeping on a bus
  • Eating noodles
  • Buying souvenirs

Then, students have to act this out and their teammates have to guess what the phrase is. More details here: ESL Charades.

#17: Travel Journal

Encourage students to keep a travel journal for a fictional trip. They can describe their experiences, sights, and sounds, using new vocabulary.


Travel and Holidays ESL

#18: Eliciting in an ESL Travel Lesson

Unless your students are absolute beginners, then it’s likely that they already know a good amount of travel and holiday vocabulary. That’s often why I like to start off my ESL traveling lesson by using some eliciting techniques. There are two main reasons for this.

The first reason is that it’s possible to find out what the students already know about this topic to avoid wasting class time covering these things. The second is that it helps students activate their prior knowledge about travel/holidays to make the new things they learn more memorable. Learn how to do this tactic for an ESL holiday lesson here:

ESL Eliciting Advice .

#19: Travel Listening Lesson

A nice way to talk about any topic is through a listening lesson. In this case, find a conversation between two people talking about an upcoming vacation plan. Or, someone talking about a favourite vacation from the past (it could even be you). Then, design an entire listening lesson around that. Find out how here:

#20: Idiom ESL Traveling Activity

There are lots of idioms related to holidays, travel and transportation. Here are just a few of them:

  • All hands on deck
  • To send flying
  • Bump in the road
  • Off the rails
  • Train wreck
  • Asleep at the wheel
  • Fall off the wagon
  • Hit the road

One of the best ways to make these idioms super memorable is to do this fun activity. Afterwards, your students will never forget! Learn more about this ESL activity:

Idiom Activity for Language Learners .

#21: Concentration ESL Traveling Vocabulary

One of the best ways to review new words during an ESL holiday or travel lesson is to play this memory game. Depending on the level of the students, make some matching pairs of cards with the following:

  • Word/picture
  • Word/definition
  • Word/clue about the word

Then in small groups, students play the game to find the matches. Find out all the details about how to set it up and play:

ESL Concentration Game .

#22: Speaking Fluency Activity

To use this activity with a unit on holidays or travel, have students talk about a past, or upcoming vacation.

#23: Me Too!

Students have to make a true statement about themselves related to holidays and travelling. For example:

  • I’ve been to Japan.
  • I hate the beach.
  • My family goes on a big vacation every summer.

If other students can agree, they stand up and say, “Me too!”

#24: Labour Day Guessing Game

#25: Holiday Interviews

Pair students and have them interview each other about their favorite holidays. They can then present their partner’s holiday to the class.

#26: Travel Bingo

Create bingo cards with images or words related to travel and holidays. Students mark off the squares as they learn new vocabulary.

#27: Travel-Themed Role-Plays

Set up role-plays where students act as travelers, airport staff, or hotel receptionists. This helps them practice common travel dialogues.

#28: Travel Vocabulary Pictionary

Play Pictionary using travel-related words. Students take turns drawing and guessing the vocabulary words.

#29: Travel Storytelling

Ask students to create and share short stories about a memorable travel experience they’ve had or wish to have in the future.

#30: Travel Debate

Have students debate the pros and cons of traveling. This encourages critical thinking and speaking skills.

Travel and Holiday Vocabulary

Here are some of the most common vocabulary words that you may want to teach your students related to traveling for an ESL holiday lesson.

  • bathing suit
  • boarding pass
  • vaccination
  • The months of the year in English

Do you have any ESL travelling vocabulary that you’d like us to add to the list? Leave a comment and let us know!

Travel Worksheets and Lesson Plans for ESL

If you’re looking for some worksheets or lesson plans related to holidays and travel, then you’ll want to check out some of our top resource recommendations:

ESOL Courses

ISL Collective

Lingua House

ESL Travel Vocabulary Worksheets

If you want students to get some practice with ESL travel vocab, here are a few recommendations:

English Club

Did you Like these Travel Games for ESL?

English Teaching Emergency: No Textbook, No-Prep, No Materials ESL/EFL Activities and Games for Busy...

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Yes? Thought so. Then you’re going to love this book: The Emergency English Teacher: No-Textbook, No-Prep, No-Materials ESL Activities.

If you’re always in need of last-minute activities and games for your classes, then this book is exactly what you might need. It’s English teaching made easy in a serious way.

You can get the book in digital or print formats. Take the e-version with you to your favourite coffee shop for lesson planning on the go. Or, keep a copy on the bookshelf in your office to use as a handy reference guide. But the best idea is to have it with you at all times for those English teaching emergencies.

Do you want to find out more? Head on over to Amazon to pick up your copy today:


FAQs about ESL Travel Lessons

There are a number of common questions that people have about teaching this unit. Here are the answers to some of the most popular ones.

What is the purpose of teaching the travel and holiday unit to English learners?

The purpose is to help English learners develop vocabulary, grammar, and conversational skills related to travel and holidays.

What topics can be covered within the travel and holiday unit?

Topics can include modes of transportation, booking accommodations, tourist attractions, holiday activities, travel phrases, and cultural aspects of different destinations.

How can I introduce vocabulary related to travel and holidays?

You can introduce vocabulary through visual aids, realia (actual objects), flashcards, and interactive activities such as matching games or vocabulary quizzes.

What grammar structures can be taught in the travel and holiday unit?

Grammar structures such as present simple for schedules and timetables, past simple for recounting travel experiences, future tenses for making travel plans, and modal verbs for expressing preferences or asking for permission can be taught.

What speaking activities can be used to practice travel and holiday-related topics?

Role-plays, group discussions about dream destinations, travel itineraries, or describing holiday experiences are effective speaking activities. Additionally, pair work activities like “Find Someone Who” or “Guess the Destination” can engage learners in conversation.

ESL Travel Activities and Games: Join the Conversation

What are your thoughts about these Holiday ESL activities? Do you have another one that you’d like to recommend to us? Leave a comment below and let us know what you think. We’d love to hear from you.

Also be sure to give this article a share on Facebook, Pinterest, or Twitter. It’ll help other busy English teachers, like yourself find this useful resource for ESOL travel lessons.


ESL Travel Lesson

Last update on 2022-07-17 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

ethical travel lesson plan

About Jackie

Jackie Bolen has been teaching English for more than 15 years to students in South Korea and Canada. She's taught all ages, levels and kinds of TEFL classes. She holds an MA degree, along with the Celta and Delta English teaching certifications.

Jackie is the author of more than 60 books for English teachers and English learners, including Business English Vocabulary Builder and 39 No-Prep/Low-Prep ESL Speaking Activities for Teenagers and Adults . She loves to share her ESL games, activities, teaching tips, and more with other teachers throughout the world.

You can find her on social media at: YouTube Facebook Pinterest TikTok LinkedIn Instagram

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  • 5. Evaluating Alternatives
  • 1. Concept, Values and Origin of Restorative Justice
  • 2. Overview of Restorative Justice Processes
  • 3. How Cost Effective is Restorative Justice?
  • 4. Issues in Implementing Restorative Justice
  • 1. Gender-Based Discrimination & Women in Conflict with the Law
  • 2. Vulnerabilities of Girls in Conflict with the Law
  • 3. Discrimination and Violence against LGBTI Individuals
  • 4. Gender Diversity in Criminal Justice Workforce
  • 1. Ending Violence against Women
  • 2. Human Rights Approaches to Violence against Women
  • 3. Who Has Rights in this Situation?
  • 4. What about the Men?
  • 5. Local, Regional & Global Solutions to Violence against Women & Girls
  • 1. Understanding the Concept of Victims of Crime
  • 2. Impact of Crime, including Trauma
  • 3. Right of Victims to Adequate Response to their Needs
  • 4. Collecting Victim Data
  • 5. Victims and their Participation in Criminal Justice Process
  • 6. Victim Services: Institutional and Non-Governmental Organizations
  • 7. Outlook on Current Developments Regarding Victims
  • 8. Victims of Crime and International Law
  • 1. The Many Forms of Violence against Children
  • 2. The Impact of Violence on Children
  • 3. States' Obligations to Prevent VAC and Protect Child Victims
  • 4. Improving the Prevention of Violence against Children
  • 5. Improving the Criminal Justice Response to VAC
  • 6. Addressing Violence against Children within the Justice System
  • 1. The Role of the Justice System
  • 2. Convention on the Rights of the Child & International Legal Framework on Children's Rights
  • 3. Justice for Children
  • 4. Justice for Children in Conflict with the Law
  • 5. Realizing Justice for Children
  • 1a. Judicial Independence as Fundamental Value of Rule of Law & of Constitutionalism
  • 1b. Main Factors Aimed at Securing Judicial Independence
  • 2a. Public Prosecutors as ‘Gate Keepers’ of Criminal Justice
  • 2b. Institutional and Functional Role of Prosecutors
  • 2c. Other Factors Affecting the Role of Prosecutors
  • Basics of Computing
  • Global Connectivity and Technology Usage Trends
  • Cybercrime in Brief
  • Cybercrime Trends
  • Cybercrime Prevention
  • Offences against computer data and systems
  • Computer-related offences
  • Content-related offences
  • The Role of Cybercrime Law
  • Harmonization of Laws
  • International and Regional Instruments
  • International Human Rights and Cybercrime Law
  • Digital Evidence
  • Digital Forensics
  • Standards and Best Practices for Digital Forensics
  • Reporting Cybercrime
  • Who Conducts Cybercrime Investigations?
  • Obstacles to Cybercrime Investigations
  • Knowledge Management
  • Legal and Ethical Obligations
  • Handling of Digital Evidence
  • Digital Evidence Admissibility
  • Sovereignty and Jurisdiction
  • Formal International Cooperation Mechanisms
  • Informal International Cooperation Mechanisms
  • Data Retention, Preservation and Access
  • Challenges Relating to Extraterritorial Evidence
  • National Capacity and International Cooperation
  • Internet Governance
  • Cybersecurity Strategies: Basic Features
  • National Cybersecurity Strategies
  • International Cooperation on Cybersecurity Matters
  • Cybersecurity Posture
  • Assets, Vulnerabilities and Threats
  • Vulnerability Disclosure
  • Cybersecurity Measures and Usability
  • Situational Crime Prevention
  • Incident Detection, Response, Recovery & Preparedness
  • Privacy: What it is and Why it is Important
  • Privacy and Security
  • Cybercrime that Compromises Privacy
  • Data Protection Legislation
  • Data Breach Notification Laws
  • Enforcement of Privacy and Data Protection Laws
  • Intellectual Property: What it is
  • Types of Intellectual Property
  • Causes for Cyber-Enabled Copyright & Trademark Offences
  • Protection & Prevention Efforts
  • Online Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse
  • Cyberstalking and Cyberharassment
  • Cyberbullying
  • Gender-Based Interpersonal Cybercrime
  • Interpersonal Cybercrime Prevention
  • Cyber Organized Crime: What is it?
  • Conceptualizing Organized Crime & Defining Actors Involved
  • Criminal Groups Engaging in Cyber Organized Crime
  • Cyber Organized Crime Activities
  • Preventing & Countering Cyber Organized Crime
  • Cyberespionage
  • Cyberterrorism
  • Cyberwarfare
  • Information Warfare, Disinformation & Electoral Fraud
  • Responses to Cyberinterventions
  • Framing the Issue of Firearms
  • Direct Impact of Firearms
  • Indirect Impacts of Firearms on States or Communities
  • International and National Responses
  • Typology and Classification of Firearms
  • Common Firearms Types
  • 'Other' Types of Firearms
  • Parts and Components
  • History of the Legitimate Arms Market
  • Need for a Legitimate Market
  • Key Actors in the Legitimate Market
  • Authorized & Unauthorized Arms Transfers
  • Illegal Firearms in Social, Cultural & Political Context
  • Supply, Demand & Criminal Motivations
  • Larger Scale Firearms Trafficking Activities
  • Smaller Scale Trafficking Activities
  • Sources of Illicit Firearms
  • Consequences of Illicit Markets
  • International Public Law & Transnational Law
  • International Instruments with Global Outreach
  • Commonalities, Differences & Complementarity between Global Instruments
  • Tools to Support Implementation of Global Instruments
  • Other United Nations Processes
  • The Sustainable Development Goals
  • Multilateral & Regional Instruments
  • Scope of National Firearms Regulations
  • National Firearms Strategies & Action Plans
  • Harmonization of National Legislation with International Firearms Instruments
  • Assistance for Development of National Firearms Legislation
  • Firearms Trafficking as a Cross-Cutting Element
  • Organized Crime and Organized Criminal Groups
  • Criminal Gangs
  • Terrorist Groups
  • Interconnections between Organized Criminal Groups & Terrorist Groups
  • Gangs - Organized Crime & Terrorism: An Evolving Continuum
  • International Response
  • International and National Legal Framework
  • Firearms Related Offences
  • Role of Law Enforcement
  • Firearms as Evidence
  • Use of Special Investigative Techniques
  • International Cooperation and Information Exchange
  • Prosecution and Adjudication of Firearms Trafficking
  • Teaching Methods & Principles
  • Ethical Learning Environments
  • Overview of Modules
  • Module Adaption & Design Guidelines
  • Table of Exercises
  • Basic Terms
  • Forms of Gender Discrimination
  • Ethics of Care
  • Case Studies for Professional Ethics
  • Case Studies for Role Morality
  • Additional Exercises
  • Defining Organized Crime
  • Definition in Convention
  • Similarities & Differences
  • Activities, Organization, Composition
  • Thinking Critically Through Fiction
  • Excerpts of Legislation
  • Research & Independent Study Questions
  • Legal Definitions of Organized Crimes
  • Criminal Association
  • Definitions in the Organized Crime Convention
  • Criminal Organizations and Enterprise Laws
  • Enabling Offence: Obstruction of Justice
  • Drug Trafficking
  • Wildlife & Forest Crime
  • Counterfeit Products Trafficking
  • Falsified Medical Products
  • Trafficking in Cultural Property
  • Trafficking in Persons
  • Case Studies & Exercises
  • Extortion Racketeering
  • Loansharking
  • Links to Corruption
  • Bribery versus Extortion
  • Money-Laundering
  • Liability of Legal Persons
  • How much Organized Crime is there?
  • Alternative Ways for Measuring
  • Measuring Product Markets
  • Risk Assessment
  • Key Concepts of Risk Assessment
  • Risk Assessment of Organized Crime Groups
  • Risk Assessment of Product Markets
  • Risk Assessment in Practice
  • Positivism: Environmental Influences
  • Classical: Pain-Pleasure Decisions
  • Structural Factors
  • Ethical Perspective
  • Crime Causes & Facilitating Factors
  • Models and Structure
  • Hierarchical Model
  • Local, Cultural Model
  • Enterprise or Business Model
  • Groups vs Activities
  • Networked Structure
  • Jurisdiction
  • Investigators of Organized Crime
  • Controlled Deliveries
  • Physical & Electronic Surveillance
  • Undercover Operations
  • Financial Analysis
  • Use of Informants
  • Rights of Victims & Witnesses
  • Role of Prosecutors
  • Adversarial vs Inquisitorial Legal Systems
  • Mitigating Punishment
  • Granting Immunity from Prosecution
  • Witness Protection
  • Aggravating & Mitigating Factors
  • Sentencing Options
  • Alternatives to Imprisonment
  • Death Penalty & Organized Crime
  • Backgrounds of Convicted Offenders
  • Confiscation
  • Confiscation in Practice
  • Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA)
  • Extradition
  • Transfer of Criminal Proceedings
  • Transfer of Sentenced Persons
  • Module 12: Prevention of Organized Crime
  • Adoption of Organized Crime Convention
  • Historical Context
  • Features of the Convention
  • Related international instruments
  • Conference of the Parties
  • Roles of Participants
  • Structure and Flow
  • Recommended Topics
  • Background Materials
  • What is Sex / Gender / Intersectionality?
  • Knowledge about Gender in Organized Crime
  • Gender and Organized Crime
  • Gender and Different Types of Organized Crime
  • Definitions and Terminology
  • Organized crime and Terrorism - International Legal Framework
  • International Terrorism-related Conventions
  • UNSC Resolutions on Terrorism
  • Organized Crime Convention and its Protocols
  • Theoretical Frameworks on Linkages between Organized Crime and Terrorism
  • Typologies of Criminal Behaviour Associated with Terrorism
  • Terrorism and Drug Trafficking
  • Terrorism and Trafficking in Weapons
  • Terrorism, Crime and Trafficking in Cultural Property
  • Trafficking in Persons and Terrorism
  • Intellectual Property Crime and Terrorism
  • Kidnapping for Ransom and Terrorism
  • Exploitation of Natural Resources and Terrorism
  • Review and Assessment Questions
  • Research and Independent Study Questions
  • Criminalization of Smuggling of Migrants
  • UNTOC & the Protocol against Smuggling of Migrants
  • Offences under the Protocol
  • Financial & Other Material Benefits
  • Aggravating Circumstances
  • Criminal Liability
  • Non-Criminalization of Smuggled Migrants
  • Scope of the Protocol
  • Humanitarian Exemption
  • Migrant Smuggling v. Irregular Migration
  • Migrant Smuggling vis-a-vis Other Crime Types
  • Other Resources
  • Assistance and Protection in the Protocol
  • International Human Rights and Refugee Law
  • Vulnerable groups
  • Positive and Negative Obligations of the State
  • Identification of Smuggled Migrants
  • Participation in Legal Proceedings
  • Role of Non-Governmental Organizations
  • Smuggled Migrants & Other Categories of Migrants
  • Short-, Mid- and Long-Term Measures
  • Criminal Justice Reponse: Scope
  • Investigative & Prosecutorial Approaches
  • Different Relevant Actors & Their Roles
  • Testimonial Evidence
  • Financial Investigations
  • Non-Governmental Organizations
  • ‘Outside the Box’ Methodologies
  • Intra- and Inter-Agency Coordination
  • Admissibility of Evidence
  • International Cooperation
  • Exchange of Information
  • Non-Criminal Law Relevant to Smuggling of Migrants
  • Administrative Approach
  • Complementary Activities & Role of Non-criminal Justice Actors
  • Macro-Perspective in Addressing Smuggling of Migrants
  • Human Security
  • International Aid and Cooperation
  • Migration & Migrant Smuggling
  • Mixed Migration Flows
  • Social Politics of Migrant Smuggling
  • Vulnerability
  • Profile of Smugglers
  • Role of Organized Criminal Groups
  • Humanitarianism, Security and Migrant Smuggling
  • Crime of Trafficking in Persons
  • The Issue of Consent
  • The Purpose of Exploitation
  • The abuse of a position of vulnerability
  • Indicators of Trafficking in Persons
  • Distinction between Trafficking in Persons and Other Crimes
  • Misconceptions Regarding Trafficking in Persons
  • Root Causes
  • Supply Side Prevention Strategies
  • Demand Side Prevention Strategies
  • Role of the Media
  • Safe Migration Channels
  • Crime Prevention Strategies
  • Monitoring, Evaluating & Reporting on Effectiveness of Prevention
  • Trafficked Persons as Victims
  • Protection under the Protocol against Trafficking in Persons
  • Broader International Framework
  • State Responsibility for Trafficking in Persons
  • Identification of Victims
  • Principle of Non-Criminalization of Victims
  • Criminal Justice Duties Imposed on States
  • Role of the Criminal Justice System
  • Current Low Levels of Prosecutions and Convictions
  • Challenges to an Effective Criminal Justice Response
  • Rights of Victims to Justice and Protection
  • Potential Strategies to “Turn the Tide”
  • State Cooperation with Civil Society
  • Civil Society Actors
  • The Private Sector
  • Comparing SOM and TIP
  • Differences and Commonalities
  • Vulnerability and Continuum between SOM & TIP
  • Labour Exploitation
  • Forced Marriage
  • Other Examples
  • Children on the Move
  • Protecting Smuggled and Trafficked Children
  • Protection in Practice
  • Children Alleged as Having Committed Smuggling or Trafficking Offences
  • Basic Terms - Gender and Gender Stereotypes
  • International Legal Frameworks and Definitions of TIP and SOM
  • Global Overview on TIP and SOM
  • Gender and Migration
  • Key Debates in the Scholarship on TIP and SOM
  • Gender and TIP and SOM Offenders
  • Responses to TIP and SOM
  • Use of Technology to Facilitate TIP and SOM
  • Technology Facilitating Trafficking in Persons
  • Technology in Smuggling of Migrants
  • Using Technology to Prevent and Combat TIP and SOM
  • Privacy and Data Concerns
  • Emerging Trends
  • Demand and Consumption
  • Supply and Demand
  • Implications of Wildlife Trafficking
  • Legal and Illegal Markets
  • Perpetrators and their Networks
  • Locations and Activities relating to Wildlife Trafficking
  • Environmental Protection & Conservation
  • CITES & the International Trade in Endangered Species
  • Organized Crime & Corruption
  • Animal Welfare
  • Criminal Justice Actors and Agencies
  • Criminalization of Wildlife Trafficking
  • Challenges for Law Enforcement
  • Investigation Measures and Detection Methods
  • Prosecution and Judiciary
  • Wild Flora as the Target of Illegal Trafficking
  • Purposes for which Wild Flora is Illegally Targeted
  • How is it Done and Who is Involved?
  • Consequences of Harms to Wild Flora
  • Terminology
  • Background: Communities and conservation: A history of disenfranchisement
  • Incentives for communities to get involved in illegal wildlife trafficking: the cost of conservation
  • Incentives to participate in illegal wildlife, logging and fishing economies
  • International and regional responses that fight wildlife trafficking while supporting IPLCs
  • Mechanisms for incentivizing community conservation and reducing wildlife trafficking
  • Critiques of community engagement
  • Other challenges posed by wildlife trafficking that affect local populations
  • Global Podcast Series
  • Apr. 2021: Call for Expressions of Interest: Online training for academics from francophone Africa
  • Feb. 2021: Series of Seminars for Universities of Central Asia
  • Dec. 2020: UNODC and TISS Conference on Access to Justice to End Violence
  • Nov. 2020: Expert Workshop for University Lecturers and Trainers from the Commonwealth of Independent States
  • Oct. 2020: E4J Webinar Series: Youth Empowerment through Education for Justice
  • Interview: How to use E4J's tool in teaching on TIP and SOM
  • E4J-Open University Online Training-of-Trainers Course
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ethical travel lesson plan

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Supported by the state of qatar, 60 years crime congress.

The Importance Of Ethical Tourism


Jetset Times

Explore the world around us responsibly and mindfully.

Traveling is one of the greatest gifts you can give to yourself: it is an exhilaration of the senses, a time for curiosity and self-exploration, and an opportunity to open the mind to unique possibilities and perspectives.

When we travel to a new destination, that experience will likely have an invaluable impact on us, yet we are beginning to understand that we will undoubtedly impact the place as well.

As one of the world’s largest industries, tourism has positively affected societies around the globe by promoting cultural awareness, increasing infrastructure, and boosting economies. And at the same time, for many people around the world, the growth of tourism has resulted in an array of harmful effects such as environmental degradation, loss of culture and language, and displacement of local communities. How can we enjoy a meaningful experience when traveling while also promoting a destination’s economy and protecting its culture and land?

Defining Ethical Tourism

Ethical tourism simply means keeping in mind the effects of one’s actions as a traveler on the environment and local community. Geared towards consumers as well as the industry, ethical tourism aims to avoid participation in activities that contribute to or support negative ethical issues. Traveling ethically varies by region, but there are a few key points to remember when planning your next trip with cultural and environmental respect in mind.

Keeping it local

The tourism industry is considered an effective contributor to socio-economic development around the world.  As with anything relating to globalization, development has created complex positive and negative effects on communities at large.

Unfortunately, the increase of foreign investment in chain restaurants and stores have put many local shops out of business. To support the community and preserve the environment, buy locally-sourced products from locally-owned businesses. Eating at street stalls and buying souvenirs from local artisans are great ways to promote the regional economy and ensure that traditions are preserved.

When searching for accommodation, it is best to book with family-owned hotels rather than multinational chains. For those who travel light and are interested in gaining a unique insider perspective, try out Couchsurfing to live with locals. While it does not support local businesses, couchsurfing allows for incredible cultural exchange and authentic experiences.


Volunteering while traveling may seem like a great way to give back while immersing yourself in a new culture, but good intentions can create a lot of problems for communities .

Something as as simple as donating clothes or water filters may seem like a harmless act, but in reality, local markets may suffer as people begin to rely on donations rather than buying goods from community businesses.  

Voluntourism can also hurt local economies, as volunteers may take jobs from locals. Particularly in the case of physical labor, it may be more beneficial for a community to employ locals rather than utilize free labor.

There are mixed views throughout academic and tourist communities around whether voluntourism can be effective in aiding global communities or not. In some cases, it can be downright harmful — orphanage tourism is a prime example of when volunteering causes serious damage to children. In fact, the majority of the 8 million or more children who live in orphanages are not orphans at all, but are separated from their families due to discrimination, disability, or poverty. Countless “orphanages” in Cambodia have been found to exploit children (many of whom, had parents) in order to make profit from tourists looking to “give back.” In reality, most volunteers do not have the appropriate skills necessary to work with children and their behavior could potentially have serious negative impacts on children’s’ emotional stability. Even more, forming attachments to volunteers who perpetually leave will surely lead to psychological trauma for the child. Rather than volunteering at an orphanage, support programs with sustainable solutions that are committed to economic development, family strengthening, and the establishment of laws to protect children.

This is not to say that all forms of voluntourism will harm a community; in fact, there are many organizations that are doing good work across the globe. Despite potential consequences of voluntourism, Shannon O’Donnell, author of The Volunteer Traveler’s Handbook , argues that “international volunteering is part of a complex ecosystem that can, when done well, help a community grow in a direction they support.” If you are interested in volunteering abroad, be sure to do your research on the organization and the type of  volunteering itself. To be certain that your time spent volunteering is generating a positive impact, click here for a volunteering 10-point checklist to evaluate the ethical implications of your potential volunteer engagement.

For the purpose of respect as well as safety, it is important to research cultural norms before you arrive. Social etiquette will be considerably different depending on the destination. For example, in Spain, it is polite to greet someone by giving two kisses on the right and left cheek, while in Thailand, you should avoid physical touch and instead “wai” the person you are greeting depending on age and rank.

Learning some key phrases in the local language is also a fundamental way to immerse yourself, show respect, and connect with locals. Though many people may speak English in touristic areas or cities, it would be a mistake to assume that everyone can. But even more, as a foreigner it is necessary to make an effort to communicate.  A simple “hello” or “thank you” in the local dialect can go a long way. Stepping out of your comfort zone is a key part of traveling, so why not start with language?

Florence, Italy.

Say no to plastic

Though this can be harder than it seems while traveling considering that we are constantly on-the-go, there are a few easy ways to minimize waste at home and abroad:

  • Dine in! Takeout inevitably produces waste from containers and disposable bags. Enjoy your meal at a restaurant instead.  
  • Always carry a reusable water bottle. This is also a great habit to bring back home, as switching to a reusable bottle will save around 1,460 plastic bottles per year.
  • Ditch the straws. This may take some getting used to, and you’ll have to be quick to tell the server your request, but saying no to straws will make a huge influence on the environment. If you love straws and can’t bear to part with them, then consider purchasing a steel or bamboo straw .

Chiang Mai, Thailand.


Traveling can cause a lot of waste for our planet, but it doesn’t have to. With a little care and awareness, you can travel anywhere without adding to pollution.

To reduce carbon emissions, minimize internal flights and travel overland when possible . Though buses and trains will take more time, these forms of transportation are much less polluting and a great way to enjoy a country’s beautiful scenery. Taking public transportation, bicycling, or walking will also save fuel and give a true perspective into local life.

Mallorca, Spain.

Seek ethical animal encounters

Animal tourism may be a notable part of a travel experience, but many of these activities involve the harm and exploitation of animals. While in recent years activists from around the world have taken measures to end animal abuse and neglect caused by the tourism industry, there are still many travel organizations that (intentionally or not) continue to mistreat animals. As a matter of fact, a recent study by World Animal Protection found that 75% of wildlife tourist attractions have negative impacts on wild animals. For wild animals to become so docile and tame, there is often excessive mistreatment involved. As a rule of thumb for seeking ethical animal encounters, look for organizations that promote observation instead of hands-on contact.

It is also important to note that even sanctuaries and nonprofits that claim to be “ethical” may not be ethical at all. In Thailand, most people are aware that elephant riding is incredibly exploitative , and many elephant sanctuaries have transitioned from riding to more hands-off activities such as feeding or bathing. Though this is a significant move towards bettering the lives of elephants, there is still much to be done to increase the wellbeing of both elephants and mahouts. The best sanctuaries are ones which have the least amount of human interaction, with plenty of space for the elephants to roam freely. If you are interested in seeing elephants on your next adventure, be sure to read these 5 tips to spot an elephant-friendly venue .  And if you are curious for more information on elephant tourism, check out this report by World Animal Protection.

Mandalay, Myanmar.

To be an ethical traveler is to explore the world around us responsibly and mindfully, constantly questioning the results of our actions. While this term is distinct and perhaps daunting, it is simply a means to describe the way that we should all act when traveling – with curiosity, compassion, and understanding. In the future, hopefully there will be no term for ethical travel; instead, there will simply be travel .

Chiang Mai, Thailand

Gillian Rose

Contributing editor.

Since graduating from Berkeley with a degree in international development, Gillian has lived in four continents and currently calls Tel Aviv home. She speaks five languages and is an avid traveler, foodie, and lifelong student. As a yoga, breathwork, and meditation teacher, Gillian has a deep passion for somatic healing.

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Ethics Lesson Plan: Determining What is Right and Solving Conflicts

In this ethics lesson plan, which is adaptable for grades 3-12, students will use BrainPOP resources to explore the basics of ethics and morality. They will reflect on how we determine what is right and wrong, and practice using two different strategies for making tough ethical decisions. Students will also practice conflict resolution skills and reaching compromises with others who hold different ethical beliefs.

Lesson Plan Common Core State Standards Alignments

Students will:.

  • Define ethics and explain how we decide what is right and wrong.
  • Explore two different strategies for solving tough ethical dilemmas and evaluate each based on their effectiveness.
  • Internet access for BrainPOP
  • Class set of photocopies of the Graphic Organizer


Lesson procedure:.

  • Display one of the ethics quotes from the Related Reading Quotables page or a quote of your own choosing. Alternatively, have students explore as essential question such as "How do we determine what is right and wrong?" As a warm-up activity, have students reflect in writing or orally on what the quote or essential question means to them.
  • Talk with students about their responses. What are ethics? (The movie defines ethics as a set of guidelines for behaving morally.) Who determines the set of guidelines? Where do the guidelines originate? How do the guidelines change over time?
  • Play the Ethics movie for the class. Allow students to talk about how their understanding of ethics evolved after viewing the movie.
  • Ask a student volunteer to explain Tim's process for working through ethical dilemmas (making a pros-and-cons-style list.) Have students ever tried this method? How did it work?
  • Project the Worksheet on your interactive whiteboard for students to see. Explain that they will choose one of the ethical dilemmas on the Related Reading In Depth page and pair up with a friend to choose sides in the dilemma. Each person will use a sheet of paper to write down arguments to support their side.
  • Provide time for students to share their arguments with their partner. Remind students of Tim's suggestion to ask themselves, "What solution is fairest to all the people involved?" Encourage students to reach a compromise together and record it at the bottom of their papers.
  • Ask for volunteers to share the compromise that they agreed to, and talk with students about how the decisions were made.
  • Pose the following questions to students: How do you determine what is right and wrong? What is the foundation of your "moral compass"? Pass out photocopies of the Graphic Organizer and have students complete it based on an ethical dilemma from the BrainPOP movie, Related Reading page, or their own lives. This could be completed as a homework assignment if you want to give students additional time to reflect...
  • Ask students to think about which decision-making tool was more helpful for them personally, the activity (pros/cons style list) or the graphic organizer. What strategies will students use to make tough ethical decisions in the future?

Extension Activities:

ethical travel lesson plan

  • BrainPOP Jr. (K-3)
  • BrainPOP ELL
  • BrainPOP Science
  • BrainPOP Español
  • BrainPOP Français
  • Set Up Accounts
  • Single Sign-on
  • Manage Subscription
  • Quick Tours
  • About BrainPOP


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Topic: Travelling

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Hotel reviews

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ethical travel lesson plan

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ethical travel lesson plan

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This worksheet focuses on speaking about air travel. Students answer different questions, watch and discuss a video. They also read and discuss short stories and create their own. 

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In this lesson, students learn the differences between Present Perfect and Past Simple. They also practise using the two tenses, watch a video and talk about active lives of elderly people. 

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With this travel worksheet, pre-intermediate students can talk about how travelling changes them and learn some useful vocabulary. They also read a short text, watch a video about dream travel destinations and write an email.

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ethical travel lesson plan

“The world is a book and those who do not travel read only one page.” Augustine of Hippo (354 – 430), theologian and philosopher
  • April 8, 2021
  • General English

Home » Travel

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This free ESL lesson plan on travel has been designed for adults and young adults at an intermediate (B1/B2) to advanced (C1/C2) level and should last around 45 to 60 minutes for one student.

Whether it’s exploring new places, or relaxing in familiar ones, everyone loves travelling. In fact, many people learning English are doing so for that exact reason. In the past, travelling to exotic locations was only for the super-rich. Now, with the expansion of budget airlines and cheap packages, the world is a lot more accessible to a lot more people. In this ESL lesson plan on travel, students will have the opportunity to discuss and express their opinions on issues such as how much they like travelling, the best places they have visited and different forms of travel.

This lesson plan could also be used with your students to debate these issues for World Tourism Day , which takes place in September. For more lesson plans on international days and important holidays, see the  calendar of world days  to plan your classes for these special occasions.

For advice on how to use this English lesson plan and  other lesson plans  on this site, see the  guide for ESL teachers .


Reading activity Before the English class, send the following article to the students and ask them to read it while making a list of any new vocabulary or phrases they find (explain any the students don’t understand in the class):

World of Wanderlust | The Top 25 Best Destinations in the World

The article provides descriptions of some of the most visited tourist destinations in the world. At the start of the class, hold a brief discussion about what the students thought about the article. Have the students visited any of these places? If so, what did they think about them? Which of the places on the list would they most like to visit and why? Can they think of any of the destinations that should not be on the list? Which other destinations should be on a list of the best destinations in the world?

Video activity To save time in class for the conversation activities, the English teacher can ask the students to watch the video below and answer the listening questions in Section 3 of the lesson plan at home. There are intermediate listening questions and advanced listening questions so teachers can decide which would be more appropriate for their students. Check the answers in the class.

The video for this class is called “The Point of Travel” by The School of Life which views travel as a kind of therapy that can help us with our emotional state of mind.


The focus in the class is on conversation in order to help improve students’ fluency and confidence when speaking in English as well as boosting their vocabulary.

This lesson opens with a short discussion about the article the students read before the class. Next, the students can give their opinion on the quote at the beginning of the lesson plan – what they think the quote means and if they agree with it. This is followed by an initial discussion on the topic including the benefits of travel, the student’s favourite holiday/vacation and the best places to spend a holiday/vacation in their country.

After this, students will learn some vocabulary connected with travel such as backpacking , off the beaten path/track and bucket list . This vocabulary has been chosen to boost the students’ knowledge of less common vocabulary that could be useful for preparing for English exams like IELTS or TOEFL. The vocabulary is accompanied by a cloze activity and a speaking activity to test the students’ comprehension of these words. This may also be a good time to explain the difference between travel, trip and journey , as these words are often confused by students

If the students didn’t watch the video before the class, they can watch it after the vocabulary section and answer the listening questions. Before checking the answers, ask the students to give a brief summary of the video and what they thought about the content.

Finally, there is a more in-depth conversation about travel. In this speaking activity, students will talk about issues such as the different types of holiday/vacation people like to go on, how much they like to plan for a trip and the attraction of solo travel.

After the class, students will write about their opinion of travel. This could be a short paragraph or a longer piece of writing depending on what level the student is at. The writing activity is designed to allow students to practise and improve their grammar with the feedback from their teacher. For students who intend to take an international English exam such as IELTS or TOEFL, there is an alternative essay question to practise their essay-writing skills.


ethical travel lesson plan

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2 thoughts on “Travel”

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Hi I donante 5 dollars I can not download the lesson plan travel c1 c2

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Hi Elsa. Thank you very much for your donation! You can download the lesson plan by clicking the PDF images at the bottom of the page (one for teachers and one for students). It should open in the new page and then you can click the download arrow at the top right to save them to your computer. Let me know if that works

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Watch CBS News

Solar eclipse maps show 2024 totality path, peak times and how much of the eclipse you can see across the U.S. today

By Aliza Chasan

Updated on: April 8, 2024 / 12:06 PM EDT / CBS News

A total solar eclipse crosses North America today, with parts of 15 U.S. states within the path of totality. Maps show where and when astronomy fans can see the big event  as skies darken in the middle of the day on Monday, April 8.

The total eclipse will first appear along Mexico's Pacific Coast at around 11:07 a.m. PDT, then travel across a swath of the U.S., from Texas to Maine, and into Canada.

About 31.6 million people live in the path of totality , the area where the moon will fully block out the sun , according to NASA. The path will range between 108 and 122 miles wide. An additional 150 million people live within 200 miles of the path of totality.

Solar eclipse path of totality map for 2024

United states map showing the path of the 2024 solar eclipse and specific regions of what the eclipse duration will be.

The total solar eclipse will start over the Pacific Ocean, and the first location in continental North America that will experience totality is Mexico's Pacific Coast, around 11:07 a.m. PDT on April 8, according to NASA. From there, the path will continue into Texas, crossing more than a dozen states before the eclipse enters Canada in southern Ontario. The eclipse will exit continental North America around 5:16 p.m. NDT from Newfoundland, Canada.

The path of totality includes portions of the following states:

  • Pennsylvania
  • New Hampshire

Small parts of Tennessee and Michigan will also experience the total solar eclipse.

Several major cities across the U.S. are included in the eclipse's path of totality, while many others will see a partial eclipse. Here are some of the best major cities for eclipse viewing — if the weather cooperates :

  • San Antonio, Texas (partially under the path)
  • Austin, Texas
  • Waco, Texas
  • Dallas, Texas
  • Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Dayton, Ohio
  • Cleveland, Ohio
  • Buffalo, New York
  • Rochester, New York
  • Syracuse, New York
  • Burlington, Vermont

Map of when the solar eclipse will reach totality across the path

The eclipse will begin in the U.S. as a partial eclipse beginning at 12:06 p.m. CDT near Eagle Pass, Texas, before progressing to totality by about 1:27 p.m. CDT and then moving along its path to the northeast over the next few hours.

Eclipse map of totality

NASA shared times for several cities in the path of totality across the U.S. You can also  check your ZIP code on NASA's map  to see when the eclipse will reach you if you're on, or near, the path of totality — or if you'll see a partial eclipse instead.

How much of the eclipse will you see if you live outside of the totality path?

While the April 8 eclipse will cover a wide swath of the U.S., outside the path of totality observers may spot a partial eclipse, where the moon covers some, but not all, of the sun, according to NASA. The closer you are to the path of totality, the larger the portion of the sun that will be hidden.

NASA allows viewers to input a ZIP code and see how much of the sun will be covered in their location.

Could there be cloud cover be during the solar eclipse?

Some areas along the path of totality have a higher likelihood of cloud cover that could interfere with viewing the eclipse. Here is a map showing the historical trends in cloud cover this time of year. 

You can check the latest forecast for your location with our partners at The Weather Channel .

United States map showing the percent of cloud cover in various regions of the eclipse path on April 8. The lakeshore region will be primarily affected.

Where will the solar eclipse reach totality for the longest?

Eclipse viewers near Torreón, Mexico, will get to experience totality for the longest. Totality there will last 4 minutes, 28 seconds, according to NASA. 

Most places along the centerline of the path of totality will see a totality duration between 3.5 and 4 minutes long, according to NASA. Some places in the U.S. come close to the maximum; Kerrville, Texas, will have a totality duration of 4 minutes, 24 seconds.

What is the path of totality for the 2044 solar eclipse?

After the April 8 eclipse, the next total solar eclipse that will be visible from the contiguous U.S. will be on Aug. 23, 2044.

Astronomy fans in the U.S. will have far fewer opportunities to see the 2044 eclipse than the upcoming one on April 8. NASA has not yet made maps available for the 2044 eclipse, but, according to The Planetary Society , the path of totality will only touch three states.

The 2024 eclipse will start in Greenland, pass over Canada and end as the sun sets in Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota, according to the Planetary Society.

Map showing the path of the 2044 total solar eclipse from Greenland, Canada and parts of the United States.

Aliza Chasan is a digital producer at 60 Minutes and She has previously written for outlets including PIX11 News, The New York Daily News, Inside Edition and DNAinfo. Aliza covers trending news, often focusing on crime and politics.

More from CBS News

How often do total solar eclipses happen?

When is the next total solar eclipse in the U.S. after today?

Is it safe to take pictures of the solar eclipse with your phone?

See the list of notable total solar eclipses in the U.S. since 1778


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