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When Was the Eiffel Tower Built? Eiffel Tower History and Future

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Eiffel tower

The iconic Eiffel Tower needs help.

To get it ready for the 2024 Paris Olympic Games, a $60 million (50 million euro) renovation project was launched, according to France 24 . But there have been questions about whether the efforts will be enough.

Relying on confidential reports, a 2022 article in Marianne contended that the Eiffel Tower is in a terrible state, and its planned maintenance leaves much to be desired. Although it needs "full repair," cites The Guardian , "it is being given only a cosmetic makeover" for the Olympics.

So, when was the Eiffel Tower built , and how often does it need maintenance? Learn more about the tower’s construction and what makes this structure so unique.

When Was the Eiffel Tower Built?

Construction of the eiffel tower, maintaining a metal structure, eiffel tower upkeep.

Construction of the Eiffel Tower began in 1887 and took just two years, two months and five days. The "300-meter Tower," as it was known then, opened on May 15, 1889, at the Exposition Universelle , or Paris World's Fair.

The 1889 World’s Fair happened to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution — that makes the Tour Eiffel 100 years younger than the French Revolution .

Although many important figures in the arts and literature, such as Charles Garnier and Guy de Maupassant, protested its construction, the tower was a success, welcoming more than 2 million visitors in its first year. Today, that number is around 7 million a year, making " la dame de fer " (the “iron lady”) the world's most-visited paid monument.

The puddle iron structure at one end of the Champ de Mars was the world's tallest structure until the completion of the Chrysler Building in 1929. (At its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the previous tallest building, the Washington Monument.)

Although it looks graceful in photos, up close, the Eiffel Tower is most notable for its massiveness. It stands 984 feet (300 meters) high — plus a bit extra if you count toppers like flagpoles and antennae — and sits on a base measuring 410 feet (125 meters) in width. Its metal frame weighs 7,300 tons (6,622 metric tons).

The shape of the iron tower is magical, according to Benjamin Schafer , a professor of civil and systems engineering at Johns Hopkins University.

"It's essentially the perfect shape for resisting wind load," he says.

The tower was meant to stand for only 20 years. But it turned out to be handy for radio and telecommunications transmissions, and of course, people worldwide wanted to visit. "Since the 1980s, the monument has been regularly renovated, restored and adapted for an ever-growing public," according to the Eiffel Tower website .

Eiffel tower

Following its first in-situ paint job in 1889, the tower has undergone several color changes.

Originally, the parts were painted Venetian red, while subsequent coats of paint have included reddish-brown, ochre brown, yellow-brown and brownish-red. In 1899, the tower had a five-hue golden gradient from yellow-orange at the base to light yellow at the top.

Since 1968, it has been 'Eiffel Tower brown' in three shades, with the darkest at the bottom. If that palette sounds dull, it was "chosen for its harmony with the Parisian cityscape," according to the website , but it will be painted a golden hue in time for the 2024 Paris Olympic Games.

According to the official Eiffel Tower website , it gets a complete paint job every seven years, a frequency recommended by Gustave Eiffel himself, and a course of action said to give it eternal life. The process consists of stripping, cleaning, applying rust-proofing and then painting the tower.

Eiffel's tower, conceived by two engineers from Gustave Eiffel's firm, Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin, working with architect Stephen Sauvestre, was the winning design of an open competition for the World's Fair being planned in Paris.

Writing in Structure magazine , Roumen V. Mladjov stated in 2014 that it "is the materialized symbol of progress during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century."

Despite its 19th-century trailblazing, the tower was constructed of iron, not steel, which would become a predominant building material shortly afterward with the birth of the modern skyscraper.

"It was built out of the only material that could have built that form at that time," says Schafer. "Corrosion and fatigue are the two big things we worry about for maintenance." Luckily, corrosion, a chemical reaction requiring oxygen and moisture, is a slow process, and like steel, iron can be protected from it by a barrier. That barrier is paint.

Gustave Eiffel knew plenty about metal structures and how to make them long-lasting — he had been building iron bridges for nearly three decades by the time the construction of the tower began. And the design of the tower has a lot in common with an arched iron bridge. Take a look at the Ponte Maria Pia that crosses the River Douro in Porto, Portugal, and you'll see a lot of similarities. Eiffel was the architect of the bridge, which was built between 1876 and 1877.

Now think about bridge maintenance; for example, the Golden Gate Bridge . Its steel structure is painted continuously, but not all at once. The bridge is painted "based on priorities" determined by where corrosion is advancing.

Eiffel tower

The planned renovation of the Eiffel Tower in advance of the Olympics included stripping a third of the tower and applying two new coats of paint. However, only 5 percent will now be treated because of COVID-19 delays and "the presence of worrying levels of lead in the old paint," according to The Guardian .

Furthermore, the Société d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel ( SETE ), the organization that operates and maintains the tower "as part of a delegated public service contract with the City of Paris," is hesitant to lose the income that a temporary closure for renovation would bring, according to The Guardian.

As cited in The Guardian , reports released from 2010 to 2016 noted issues, faults and concerns with the maintenance and condition of the Eiffel Tower. One from 2014 by paint company Expiris "found the tower had cracks and rusting and only [10 percent] of the newer paint of the tower was adhering to the structure."

When they happen, painting campaigns can take from 18 months to three years, involve about 50 painters and use 60 tons (54 metric tons) of paint, according to the tower website . Striking a balance between tourist demands and site maintenance falls on SETE. The organization set up a watchdog body to evaluate client satisfaction, and its 2019 results showed that 96 percent of visitors who responded would recommend the monument to friends or family.

"It's a continual process to keep things up," says Schafer. "The Eiffel Tower is worth maintaining because we love it."

Amateurs can feel free to snap photos of the Eiffel Tower, but nighttime pictures by professionals require authorization from SETE because the tower's sparkling lights are protected by copyright.

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Travel to famous French architecture for a cultural experience.

Un jour de plus à Paris

1887-1889 : the Building of the Eiffel Tower

construction tour eiffel metal

Built for the Universal Exhibition of Paris of 1889, the Eiffel Tower knew a tumultuous construction, as we have already related in this article dedicated to the history of the construction of the Eiffel Tower .

But this is not strictly speaking a story that we offer here, but rather a time travel through the stages of construction of the Tower. Begun in 1887, it will end March 31, 1889, after two years and two months of construction, 18,038 metal pieces, and 2,500,000 rivets.

© Corbis

April 20, 1887

FPG/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Sept. 1, 1887

© Corbis

Jan. 14, 1888

© Corbis

March 26, 1888

Henri Roger/Roger Viollet/Getty Images

April 1888.

Roger Viollet/Getty Images

April 15, 1888.

Henri Roger/Roger Viollet/Getty Images

On March 31, 1889, Eiffel Tower is inaugurated. 

construction tour eiffel metal

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Paris 2024: how metal from the Eiffel Tower was incorporated into the medals for the upcoming Olympic and Paralympic Games

Olympic Games Paris 2024 gold medal hanging from the Eiffel Tower

Whether you find them fascinating or inspiring, the Olympic and Paralympic medals are the subject of a great amount of curiosity whenever they are revealed. Now we know exactly what the Paris 2024 medals are made from: a rare, precious and unique metal is at the centre of each of them - and it comes from the Eiffel Tower. 

For thousands of athletes across the globe, Olympic medals are the Holy Grail. They are a part of history and their importance in the world of sport spans many different generations and sporting exploits. For Paris 2024 , the decision was made to combine one of the strongest symbols of the Olympic Games - the medals - with the most iconic symbol of the French nation - the Eiffel Tower.

To make this happen, Chaumet , expert jewellers recognised the world over for their elegance and importance to the French craft of jewellery making, were chosen to create the medals.

For the first time in the history of the Olympic Games, every Olympic and Paralympic medal will be adorned with a highly symbolic and invaluable piece of metal: the original iron used in the construction of the Eiffel Tower.

  • Discover the medals from every modern Olympic Games

The Eiffel Tower and the medals of Paris 2024: a complex process of craft and creativity 

During the 20th century, work was undertaken to modernise the elevators of the Eiffel Tower. As a result, sections of the tower were permanently removed from the Iron Lady and carefully preserved.

For the upcoming Olympic Games, the Société d’Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel has allowed these bonafide pieces of Parisian and French history to find a second home.

Manufactured in the forges of the city of Pompey, Lorraine in the east of France, the cast iron produced by the reduction of iron ore is refined through a process called “puddling”. Once the excess carbon from the cast iron is removed, the iron that remains is almost pure and extremely robust.

By integrating one of the most prestigious metals in France into the centre of the most prestigious medals in sport, Paris 2024 has continued the tradition begun by the audacious genius Gustave Eiffel. The famous engineer revolutionised the conventional techniques of his time to build the first-ever 300m tall tower. By incorporating fragments of the Eiffel Tower into the Olympic medals, Paris 2024 hopes to leave athletes with lasting memories of the Olympic Games, Paris and France.

“We’ve decided to add this hexagon [which represents the shape of France] in the way we would a gemstone - in the centre and placed as the most precious element of the medal,” said Clémentine Massonnat who is in charge of creative activities at Chaumet.

The design of the medal is also a nod to the trailblazing engineer Eiffel who ordered a pearl necklace from Chaumet to celebrate his daughter’s wedding at the end of the 19th century.

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The Construction of a Parisian Icon | Design & Architectural Style of Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. Named after its engineer and designer, Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch to the 1889 World Fair.

The tower is 320 meters (1,050 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-story building. It became the tallest man-made structure globally during its construction, surpassing New York City's Chrysler Building by nearly 200 feet (61 m). Learn everything about this fascinating man-made architectural wonder of the world on this page.

Architecture & Design of the Eiffel Tower | Quick Overview

Eiffel Tower Architecture

  • Official Name: La Tour Eiffel
  • Attraction Type: Tower
  • Location: Champ de Mars, Paris
  • Founded: Gustave Eiffel
  • Area: 320 meters (length), 125 meters (width)
  • Architectural Style: Modern
  • Main Architects: Gustave Eiffel, Maurice Koechlin, Emile Nouguier, and Stephen Sauvestre

Architectural Highlights of the Eiffel Tower

Who designed the eiffel tower.

One of the world's greatest wonders, the Eiffel Tower, took only 2 years, 2 months, and 5 days to build. The engineers and architects who made it possible are:

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel was a French civil engineer. Gustave Eiffel began his career as an engineer working on bridges for the French railway network. One of his most prominent works during this time was the Garabit Viaduct near Millau in southern France. His best-known work, however, might be the Eiffel Tower, which was designed by his company for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris. He was also responsible for creating the metal framework for the Statue of Liberty. After his retirement, he focused on research in the fields of meteorology and aerodynamics.

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Emile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin

Emile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin were two of Gustave Eiffel's chief engineers who played an important role in designing and constructing the Eiffel Tower. Koechlin was a graduate of the Zurich Polytechnikum and joined Eiffel's Compagnie des établissements Eiffel in 1879. A graduate of the École Polytechnique was employed by  Eiffel et Cie , which later became the  Compagnie des établissements Eiffel, in 1867. In 1887, the two engineers started working on the plans for the Eiffel Tower.

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Stephen Sauvestre

Stephen Sauvestre was the architect who worked on the appearance of the Eiffel Tower. He was commissioned by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who were concerned about its reception by the public. He added embellishments in the form of decorative arches on the base, the glass pavilion on the first level, and the cupola at the top. These embellishments made the tower look more impressive. It was these additions that convinced Eiffel, who was hesitant at the start, to go ahead with the project.

Eiffel Tower Architectural Style & Design

Eiffel Tower Architecture

The Eiffel Tower, designed by Gustave Eiffel, marked a clear departure from the Neo-Gothic, Neo-Renaissance, and Neo-Baroque styles that were prevalent in the 18th and 19th centuries. The inspiration for the design came from the Latting Observatory built in New York City in 1853.

The original sketch by Keochlin depicted the tower as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals".

The tower is an open-lattice iron structure with four massive arched legs. It is set on masonry columns that curve inward and meet in a single, tapered tower. Each pier rests on four concrete slabs. The tower is made of 18,000 pieces accurate to a tenth of millimeters that has been joined together by 2,500,000 rivets. Each and every piece used in the tower was manufactured especially for it in Eiffel’s factory located at Levallois-Perret on the outskirts of Paris.

Stages of Construction of the Eiffel Tower

  • As part of preparations for the 1889 World's Fair, the French government commissioned Gustave Eiffel and his partners to build an iron tower 300 meters high on the Champ de Mars. After considering 107 different proposals, Eiffel's design was accepted.
  • The bridge was made of lattice work girders, separated at their bases and coming together at their tops, with more girders joining them at regular intervals.
  • The two chief engineers in Eiffel's company, Emile Nouguier, and Maurice Koechlin, built a very tall tower in 1884; Gustave Eiffel registered a patent for the same in September 1884.
  • The tower's construction began on July 1, 1887, and was completed twenty-two months later. All the pieces used to construct the Tower were specially designed and traced out a tenth of a millimeter and then assembled by a team of constructors who had worked on metal viaduct projects before and oversaw 150 to 300 workers on-site.
  • The metal pieces were held together by rivets, a well-refined construction method. Only three-quarters of the 2,500,000 rivets used in its construction were inserted directly on-site. The tower was assembled using wooden scaffoldings and small steam cranes.
  • It took five months to build the foundations and twenty-one to finish assembling the metal pieces. Construction began in January 1887 and was finished on March 31, 1889.
  • The primary material used to build the Eiffel Tower was puddle iron supplied from the Pompey forges, East of France. 7,300 metric tons of iron, 18,000 parts, and 2,500,000 rivets were used to construct the tower.
  • The Eiffel Tower is 1024 feet tall without the antennas. The total width of the tower is 410 feet (on the ground). The width of each pillar is 82 feet (on the bottom), and the 4 pillars form 410 square feet sideways square. The first, second, and third floors stand 187 feet, 377 feet, and 906 feet from the ground.

The Structure of the Eiffel Tower, Paris

Eiffel Tower Architecture

French engineer Gustave Eiffel designed the Eiffel Tower to demonstrate that wrought iron could be as strong as stone while being lighter. The tower resembles the shape of a pyramid but with slightly curved sides. The four-sided tower is divided into four parts based on height: the lower part , between the floor and the first floor (57.63 m), the second part , between the first and second floor (115.73 m from the ground), the third, between the second and third floor (located at 276.13 m) and the fourth from the third to the top (324 m above ground). The first part is characterized by four distinct pillars, and from the second floor, these pillars merge into a single column that rises to the top.

There are 108 stories with 1,710 steps. However, visitors can only climb stairs to the first platform. There are two elevators—the first powered by hydraulics and the second by electricity. The tower weighs 10,000 tons and has 5 billion lights on it. The Eiffel Tower was one of the first examples of modern architecture because of its use of iron rather than stone or brick.

Highlights of the Eiffel Tower Architecture

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Material Used

The material chosen to erect a tower 1,000 feet high was iron for many reasons; it was more realistic than a wooden or stone tower and reinforced concrete was not popular at the time. Puddled iron is created in blast furnaces, as a result of which excess carbon is removed. This process makes the iron more durable, and yet lighter and less rigid than steel. The metal framework alone weighs 7,300 tons. To extend the lifespan of the tower, it is painted every seven years.

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Wind Resistant Design

While building such a tall structure, the engineers behind the tower were aware that the tower needed to be able to withstand wind. Eiffel used empirical methods to determine the effects of wind and graphical methods to calculate the strength of the tower. Keeping this in mind, the tower was designed to minimize wind resistance. However, when the winds are strong, the Eiffel Tower sways by up to 9 cm (3.5 in).

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Lifts to the Top

Since the opening of the Eiffel Tower for the 1889 Exposition Universelle, visitors have been able to access the various levels of the tower by taking the lift. At the time, five hydraulic elevators went into operation. A decade later, this technology was modernized and has changed several times since. Two of the original lifts are still in service on the Eiffel Tower. It takes an average of 8 minutes and 50 seconds to complete a round trip and annually, they cover 103,000 kilometers.

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Engraved Names

Along the frieze that runs along the four sides of the tower, you will find engravings of the names of 72 French scientists, engineers, and mathematicians in recognition of their contributions to the building of the tower. Gustav wanted future visitors to view the names of those who were behind the creation of this important tower. At the beginning of the 20th century, the engravings were painted over, but they were restored in 1986–87. Unfortunately, not a single name belongs to a woman. Some popular names that appear here include Monge, Cuvier, Laplace, Ampère, Lavoisier, Gay-Lussac, Arago, Bichat, Daguerre, and Le Verrier.

Color of the Eiffel Tower

It takes several coats of paint to ensure that the Eiffel Tower is protected from oxidation. To this end, the tower has been repainted 19 times since its construction. Painters strip and clean the entire tower, then apply two coats of rust-proofing and the final coat of paint.

However, the conditions have to be just right for the repainting campaign to take place. The weather cannot be cold or wet, as both don't allow for the paint to hold well on the structure. When the weather is right, at an average of seven years, the tower gets repainted. Since the traditional methods are still in use, a lot of attention is paid to the safety of workers. The tower is fitted with safety nets and safety lines. Painters are equipped with harnesses to work on the Eiffel Tower's beams.

Over the years, during these repainting campaigns, the Eiffel Tower turned to various shades, from red-brown to yellow-ochre to chestnut brown and finally, bronze. The tower is slightly shaded off on the top so that the color is perceived to be the same throughout.

Puddle iron, the material used to build the Eiffel Tower, can last for an eternity, as long as it is repainted. However, it is affected by other factors such as rust, pollution, and bird droppings.

History of the Eiffel Tower's colors

  • 1887/88 : Venetian red
  • 1889 : Reddish-brown
  • 1892 : Ochre brown
  • 1899 : 5 shades from yellow-orange at the base to light yellow at the top
  • 1907-1947 : Yellow-brown
  • 1954-61 : Brownish-red
  • 1968 - Now : Eiffel Tower Brown, applied in three shades, with the darkest at the bottom and the lightest at the top.

Eiffel Tower Riddled with Rust

Recent reports suggest that the Eiffel Tower is riddled with rust and in need of repairs. Ideally, about 30% of the tower needs to be stripped back to the metal, repaired, and then have two coats applied. However, the tower is instead going through a 60 million euro paint job ahead of the 2024 Olympic Games in Paris.

The delays in the work caused due to the pandemic have made SETE, the company that oversees the tower, decide to treat only 5% of the tower.

Trocadéro Gardens

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Experience the tranquility of splendid gardens, ornamental ponds, and fountains in Trocadéro, located opposite the River Seine. The garden provides excellent angles for the perfect photograph of the Eiffel Tower . You can also find an aquarium and an ice-skating rink on the premises. 

Created in 1937, the garden boasts its magnificent Warsaw Fountain, massive sculptures, and a central fountain with 20 water jets. You can experience a mesmerizing view of the fountains and the lights melting into your Parisian evening amidst some world-famous sculptures like the “Man” by Traverse and the “Woman” by Bacqué.

Eiffel Tower | An Architectural Wonder

The Eiffel Tower is one of the marvelous creations of man. The tower boasts every minute aspect of modernity and stands tall among the neo-gothic and baroque-styled architecture in Europe. The Eiffel Tower attracts millions of visitors annually from across the globe due to its unique charm and fascinating architectural beauty.

Book Your Eiffel Tower Tickets

Frequently asked questions about the eiffel tower architecture.

The Eiffel Tower architecture was constructed in modern style.

Gustave Eiffel designed the Eiffel Tower with help from engineers Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, two senior engineers working at Eiffel's company.

The Eiffel Tower architecture is famous because of its height and unique construction using puddle iron.

The Eiffel Tower was inspired by the Latting Observatory in New York.

The Eiffel Tower was built in 1887.

The Eiffel Tower is 137 years old.

There are three floors inside the Eiffel Tower comprising eateries, shops, and a champagne bar.

The exterior of the Eiffel Tower is made of wrought iron.

The Eiffel Tower is divided into three floors , consisting of some restaurants , shops, and a champagne bar, apart from observation decks that offer some of the best views of Paris.

The Eiffel Tower is 1,050 feet tall with a width of 410 feet.

The Eiffel Tower is 1,050 feet tall and 410 feet in width.

The Eiffel Tower is made out of puddled iron.

Yes, the Trocadero Gardens is just across the tower.

Gabriel Davioud designed the Trocadero Gardens.

You can buy tickets to the Eiffel Tower online here.

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Eiffel Tower Tips

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Eiffel Tower Guided Tours

Eiffel Tower Architecture

Eiffel Tower Entrances

The birth of the Eiffel tower

A realized utopia, eiffel tower.

You are at the top of the Eiffel Tower, overlooking Paris at a height of almost 300 m / 1000 feet.

At the opening of the Tower in 1889, this very place was different from what you are seeing.

Le Campanile et le Phare de la tour Eiffel - Les merveilles de l'Exposition 1889 by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

It was used, in particular, as a laboratory to carry out scientific experiments and measurements. Many instruments were installed here such as barometers, anemometers, lightning conductors.

In fact, Gustave Eiffel arranged an office for himself at the very top of the Tower for astronomical and physiological observations. He even installed a weather station.

It was these scientific experiments carried at the Tower which saved it from being destroyed by popular demand. Did you know the Tower should have been pulled down just 20 years after it was erected for the 1889 Exposition Universelle!

Affiche - Chemin de fer Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée - Exposition Universelle 1889 - Paris by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

For the 1889 Universal Exhibition, marking the centenary of the French Revolution, a great competition was announced in the country's Official Gazette.

Universal exhibitions were a technological and industrial showcase for nations, testifying to the achievements made during the industrial revolution.

Le Champ de Mars et l'Ecole Militaire depuis les hauteurs du Trocadéro avant la construction de la tour Eiffel by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

The 1889 competition consisted of "studying the possibility of erecting on the Champ-de-Mars a 300-metre tower with a 125m2 square base". 

The Champ-de-Mars and the Military school as seen from the Trocadéro before the construction of the Eiffel Tower.

Selected from among 107 projects, it was that of Gustave Eiffel, an entrepreneur, Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, both engineers, and Stephen Sauvestre, an architect, that was accepted.

Gustave Eiffel en pied dans l'escalier de la tour Eiffel by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

A brilliant engineer, Gustave Eiffel founded a company specialising in metal structural work.

In this sense the Eiffel Tower was the very height of his career. He devoted the last thirty years of his life to experimental research.

This enthusiast and true genius was able to transcend his own limits to leave us monuments such as the dome on the Nice Observatory, the metal structure of the Statue of Liberty and the Bordeaux railway bridge.

Bureau des Etudes de Gustave Eiffel - La Tour Soleil de Bourdais, projet concurrent de la tour Eiffel (calque à la plume) by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

The competition held at the time of the 1889 Exposition Universelle received several other entries for 300-metre towers.

A serious component was the project of Jules Bourdais, he was the architect of Palais du Trocadéro. 

He imagined a tower of 300 m based only of stone.

Dessin projet de MM Eiffel, Nouguier et Koechlin by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

In June 1884, Emile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin, the two chief engineers in Eiffel's company, came up with the idea of building a very tall tower. It was to be designed like a large pylon.

It would have four columns of latticework girders, separated at the base and coming together at the top, and joined to each other by more metal girders at regular intervals.

Pylône de 300m de hauteur pour la ville de Paris - 1889 - Avant Projet de MM Nouguier et Koechlin by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

The company had by this time perfectly mastered the principle of building bridge supports. The tower project was a bold extension of this principle up to a height of 300 metres - equivalent to the symbolic figure of 1,000 feet.

Reproductions des planches originales de Gustave Eiffel by © Collection tour Eiffel Eiffel Tower

On 18 September 1884, Eiffel registered a patent “for a new configuration allowing the construction of metal supports and pylons capable of exceeding a height of 300 metres”.

Sauvestre proposed stonework pedestals to dress the legs, monumental arches to link the four columns and the first level, large glass-walled halls on each level, a bulb-shaped design for the top and various other ornamental features to decorate the whole of the structure.

The first floor - Copy of Gustave Eiffel's original plates

The second floor - Copy of Gustave Eiffel's original plates

The top - Copy of Gustave Eiffel's original plates

Antennas - Copy of Gustave Eiffel's original plates

The first digging work started on 26 January 1887 and marked the beginning of the Tower's construction.

Conception—Société d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel

The Eiffel Tower in 1900

The eiffel tower's inauguration and first visitors, the construction of the eiffel tower.

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The History and Construction of the Eiffel Tower

Sean Finelli Last Updated: November 17, 2022

Want to learn more about the Eiffel Tower? This article details the history and construction of the century+ old iconic Eiffel Tower.

When you’re done this article check out our page dedicated to the Eiffel Tower in Paris!

History & Construction of the Eiffel Tower

construction tour eiffel metal

The Eiffel Tower had a rather tedious start on paper. Gustave Eiffel, a French civil engineer and architect, began his career working for a railroad company and his first major work was The Bordeaux bridge. Basically a 1600 ft (500m) sheet Iron bridge that crossed the Garonne river at Bordeaux.

The bridge helped connect Paris to Bordeaux and was in use until it’s destruction in WWII. Gustave’s grandson rebuilt the bridge in 2012. From there he worked on many iron bridges, mainly for trains since he worked for a rail company.

Gustave Eiffel

construction tour eiffel metal

His first big design work was teh Budapest-Nyugati station in Budapest, Hungary. The best part of this commission was that Eiffel was able to do this on his own books. He set up a company in Paris with Théophile Seyrig, another prominent architect, and started work on the train station which was built as a terminus for a line running from Vienna to Budapest.

The design was much more beautiful and innovative than any of his previous works. It was obvious that he wanted to infuse more metal into structures as he combined it with stone to form a captivating facade for the Budapest-Nyugati station.

Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel

construction tour eiffel metal

In 1879, Eiffel dissolved his partnership with Seyrig and opened Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel . In 1881 he was contacted by Aguste Bartholdi who asked him to design the engineering side of the Statue of Liberty. He helped design a complex interior skeleton that ensured the statue would hold up under strong wind.

The greatest part is they completely built and erected the statue in France before dismantling it, shipping it to the New York and reassembling it.

Visiting the Eiffel Tower isn’t as easy as learning its history. There are long lines and lots of confusion. All our Eiffel Tower tours include admission and some even include a Seine River cruise with a glass of champagne!

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Privileged Access Eiffel Tower Night Tour with Seine River Cruise

Sometimes the most amazing moments happen by chance. Other times, they are orchestrated by professionals. Our Eiffel tower tour cruises by the famed monument as it lights up and you drink champagne. After, you’ll have tickets to enter the tower and ascend to the 2nd level with an elevator.

construction tour eiffel metal

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The Guys Behind the Guy

construction tour eiffel metal

While Gustave got the name-credit for the Eiffel Tower, it was designed by two men engineers who worked for him; Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin.

Inspiration for the tower came from Latting Observatory. A pointy wooden structure that existed on 42nd between 5th & 6 avenue in NYC. It was constructed in 1853 for an industrial conference. It was lucky they saw it because it was partly dismantled before burning down three years later in 1856.

Eiffel saw the first drawing of the tower in 1884 but was unimpressed. He knew they were working on something as a pet project to win the bid for the World’s Fair in 1889 so he told them to make some improvements.

A few months later Eiffel presented the design at an art exhibition with mild acceptance. He began politicizing his tower in order to gain the favor of local and national government.

He recieved little traction until 1886 when Jules Grévy, then President of France, announced a competition for a metal structure to be the centerpeice for the World’s Fair. It appeared pretty obvious he was creating a competition geared towards Eiffel’s design to win.

Construction

construction tour eiffel metal

Tower construction began on Champs de Mars on the 28th of January in 1887 and, for the world’s tallest and arguably most impressive structure, went very fast. Within 27 months the building was open and operational.

The construction was complex but simple. Four massive concrete slabs would support four limestone shoes that supports the entire tower. Each leg of the tower, four in total, joins together with arches to form a first, second and third observation deck.

It was designed to have elevators at on each leg to bring guests up to each level but also has a staircase going to the top. On the day of its inauguration, March 31st 1889, Eiffel took a group of governement officials and press into the tower.

Many stayed on the first and second level instead of climbing the 1665 steps to the top of the tower. Eiffel did so and brought a tricolour, national flag of France, to the top. It was raised to a 25 gun salute.

Let There Be Light

Paris is called the City of Light for a reason. That reason is not that the Eiffel Tower is lit up. The name was coined far before the construction of the tower. That said, the Eiffel Tower was not going to be the reason to stop calling Paris the city of lights.

Even when the tower was first built in 1889, it was decorated with thousands of gas-lights. Imagine the difficulty of illuminating the tower by lighting these gas lights.

In 1900 electric bulbs replaced the gas lights which enhanced the tower and were safer. Improvements were made throughout the 20th century until 1985 when 336 sodium-vapor lights were installed inside the tower. Unlike before, the tower was now the source of light instead of being lit up from it’s surroundings.

The system was created by Pierre Bideau and is still the system we see today. However, in 2000 over 20,000 sparkling bubbles were installed by a team of mountain climbers. They were first intended to be used temporarily but you can still see them today for 5 minutes every hour from sundown until 1am.

construction tour eiffel metal

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With a city as magnificent as Paris, it can be hard to find the perfect hotel at the perfect price. Explore the best hotels and places to stay in these incredible neighborhoods in Paris.

construction tour eiffel metal

Privileged Access Eiffel Tower Night Tour With Seine River Cruise

Sometimes the most amazing moments happen by chance. Other times, they are orchestrated by professionals. Our Eiffel Tower tour takes you on a cruise down the Seine River for incredible views of Notre-Dame and the Eiffel Tower. Champagne included, of course. Then you’ll be guided to the Eiffel Tower, skip the long lines, and head up the elevator to the second floor for a night to remember.

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Embark on a culinary journey in Le Marais—one of the hippest neighborhoods in Paris. Most food tours in Paris offer cheese and wine, but we include a full, sit-down meal! Enjoy a feast of French cheeses, oysters, street food, boeuf bourguignon, crème brûlée, and more. This 3-hour food tour combines the best of Paris’ culinary heritage and you won’t find a better deal out there!

History of the Golden Gate Bridge 1440 x 675

About Sean Finelli

Sean is a co-founder and owner of The Tour Guy and its subsidiary The Roman Guy. He studied finance and statistics, but that is his "Dr. Jekyll" side! His "Mr. Hyde" is in love with travel, art, history, and culture. Sean has read libraries of historical text and believes that all internet content should come from books. A practice he follows!

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Three Timeless Entrepreneurship Lessons from the Eiffel Tower’s Tumultuous Story

Three Timeless Entrepreneurship Lessons from the Eiffel Tower's Tumultuous Story

Image Credit | Il Vagabiondo

Gustave Eiffel was a very successful French entrepreneur who died one century ago (on December 27, 1923). He designed some of the tallest bridges and viaducts of the late 19th century. He is also famous for providing the interior metal framework of the Statue of Liberty. However, Eiffel is best known for the tower that bears his name. In 1889, the World’s Fair (a large international exhibition) took place in Paris. Its objectives were to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French revolution and to showcase French industrial expertise. The Eiffel Tower was the main attraction of the exhibition. At the time, the 300-meter-high (i.e., 1,000-foot-high) building entirely made of iron was the tallest building in the world. It will only be topped by the Chrysler Building in 1930 and the Empire State Building in 1931. Since 1889, the Eiffel Tower has attracted more than 300 million visitors. Several timeless entrepreneurship lessons can be drawn from its story.

Related CMR Articles

“A Garage and an Idea: What More Does an Entrepreneur Need?” by Pino G. Audia & Christopher I. Rider

Lesson #1: innovative projects should not be dismissed too quickly

Although the tower is named after Gustave Eiffel, it was actually designed by someone else. In early 1884, Eiffel was approached by Edouard Lockroy, the future French minister of industry and commerce. Lockroy was in charge of organizing the 1889 World’s Fair. He asked Eiffel whether he had any idea for an innovative building that would be the highlight of the exhibition. Eiffel had no particular idea and little time to work on such a project. Therefore, he asked some of his employees to do so. Two engineers (Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier) came up with the idea of a giant tower made of iron. The original design was inspired by the pillars of the viaducts that Eiffel’s company was building at the time. It was also quite basic (four legs rising obliquely to meet at the top).

Eiffel was not impressed. He rejected the proposal but he allowed Koechlin and Nouguier to keep working on the project. They teamed up with Stephen Sauvestre (an architect who was also one of Eiffel’s employees) and reworked the project to make it more appealing. In particular, Sauvestre came up with the detailed lattice work that will make the tower famous. In September 1884, Eiffel gave the project the green light. He also registered a patent for the tower in the names of Eiffel, Nouguier and Koechlin. Three months later, he bought the shares of his two employees. In exchange, each of them received a grand total of 80.000 Francs (1 percent of the construction costs…).

The first lesson for entrepreneurs is that innovative projects should not be discarded too quickly. In the beginning, they are always half-baked. They need to be considerably refined before they become acceptable. Eiffel perfectly understood this. Instead of rejecting the initial proposal, he asked Koechlin and Nouguier to keep working on it until it was ready to be submitted to Lockroy.

Lesson #2: innovative projects always require entrepreneurs to go that extra mile

In 1886, Lockroy launched a competition to select the main attractions of the 1889 World’s Fair. By that time, Eiffel had gained his trust. Therefore, Lockroy asked candidates to “study the possibility of building an iron tower with a square base of 125 meters per side and a height of 300 meters.” In addition, he only granted them 15 days to come up with proposals.Unsurprisingly, Eiffel’s project was chosen (from among more than a hundred other projects). But there was a twist. While the cost of building the tower will be close to 8 million Francs, the French state was only able to provide a 1.5 million Francs subsidy. Eiffel agreed to invest the remaining 6.5 million Francs himself in exchange for a 20-year lease. As the tower welcomed more than 2 million visitors during the 1889 World’s Fair alone, Eiffel managed to recoup construction costs in a single year. 

The second lesson for entrepreneurs is that it is impossible to innovate without taking risks. Techniques such as “test and learn” and “lean start up” are very popular these days. In essence, they suggest that innovation can be a safe bet if entrepreneurs carefully craft and test hypotheses with potential customers. (Very) innovative projects such as the Eiffel Tower can rarely be subjected to such testing. They always require entrepreneurs to put their money and reputation at stake. If Eiffel had not gone that extra mile and agreed to finance the tower himself, it would never have existed. 

Lesson #3: innovative projects are always met with resistance

Eiffel’s project came under attack immediately after it won the competition. Most artists and intellectuals hated it. They formed a committee and published an open letter in a newspaper called Le Temps asking for the tower not to be built. The letter was entitled “Artists vs. Eiffel Tower” and read as follows: “We writers, painters, sculptors, architects, lovers of the beauty of Paris which was until now intact, protest with all our strength and all our indignation, in the name of the underestimated taste of the French, in the name of French art and history under threat, against the erection in the very heart of our capital, of the useless and monstrous Eiffel Tower.” Eiffel fought back by inviting as many journalists as possible on the tower site while it was under construction. He kept doing once the tower was open to the public. Thanks to the appreciative articles written by journalists, the tower progressively gained acceptance from the general public. 

But the story is not over yet. The tower was supposed to be torn down at the end of the 20-year lease and Eiffel spared no effort to prevent his masterpiece from being destroyed. He began by installing a laboratory in the tower where scientists could make meteorological observations and conduct various types of experiments. Then, he put an antenna on the top of the tower that the French military could use for wireless telegraphy. Thanks to all of Eiffel’s efforts, the lease was eventually renewed for 70 years on January 1, 1910, ensuring that the tower would never be destroyed. 

The third lesson for entrepreneurs is that innovative projects are always controversial. Eiffel had to fend off critics before the construction of the tower even began. Innovative projects always challenge the status quo. They will only gain acceptance if entrepreneurs have enough political skills to overcome opposition. To do so, it is useful to create alliances with key stakeholders (such as politicians, journalists, scientists and the military in the case of the Eiffel Tower).

While the tower was designed by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, it is named after Gustave Eiffel. Should it have been called the Koechlin and Nouguier Tower instead of the Eiffel Tower? When a journalist asked him this question, Koechlin answered: “ Eiffel is the undeniable father of the Tower… He (was) the man of sufficient prestige and audacity who was able to shake up the public authorities and impose his project.” Eiffel did not design the tower that bears its name. Likewise, Steve Jobs did not invent the iPhone and Tesla was not founded by Elon Musk. Coming up with ideas is (relatively) easy. It is far more difficult to turn them into reality. The names of Eiffel, Jobs and Musk will always be remembered because they were (Eiffel and Jobs) or are (Musk) masters at championing other people’s ideas!

Jérôme Barthélemy

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Vue sur le pilier nord de la tour Eiffel

D’où vient le fer de la tour Eiffel ?

Vendredi 12 février 2021

Modifié le : 12/02/21

Matériau de prédilection du créateur de la tour Eiffel, le fer a été utilisé pour de nombreuses autres réalisations de Gustave Eiffel : le viaduc Maria Pia à Porto, le viaduc de Garabit ou encore la passerelle Eiffel à Bordeaux. Bien connu de l’ingénieur et largement utilisé pour la construction d’édifices à l’époque, le fer était donc une évidence pour celle qui allait être la plus haute tour du monde lors de sa construction. Le fer de la tour Eiffel a subi un traitement spécial : le puddlage ! Ce processus vise à purifier le métal et le débarrasser d’un excédent de carbone. 

Cliquez ici pour mieux comprendre pourquoi Gustave Eiffel a choisi le fer puddlé .  

Pour faire durer la Tour, Gustave Eiffel avait pensé à tout ! Une épaisse couche de peinture spéciale recouvre l’entièreté de la structure en fer le rendant plus résistant aux intempéries, elle est l’élément principal de conservation des pièces métalliques. Pour garantir sa pérennité, la Tour a besoin d’être entièrement repeinte tous les 7 ans en moyenne !

L’origine du fer de la tour Eiffel

Parisienne depuis 1889, la tour Eiffel, par son métal, est originaire de la région du Grand Est, plus précisément près de Nancy en Lorraine ! 

En 1887, Gustave Eiffel a besoin de plus de 7000 tonnes de fer pour réaliser la pièce maîtresse de l’Exposition Universelle de 1889 : il lance un appel d’offres remporté par les forges Fould-Dupont de Pompey, en Meurthe-et-Moselle . La société des hauts fourneaux, forges et aciéries de Pompey a fourni tout le fer nécessaire à la construction de la tour Eiffel et s’est également chargée du puddlage. Avant d’être traité, le minerai fut directement extrait des mines locales. Très exactement 18 038 pièces de fer ont été produites par les forges Fould-Dupont pour la tour Eiffel. On remarque encore aujourd’hui leur plaque "signature" apposée sur un des piliers de la Tour !

Plaque Forges Fould Dupont

Une fois le puddlage du fer réalisé et les pièces formées, le fer était envoyé près de Paris, à Levallois-Perret où se trouvaient les ateliers de Gustave Eiffel. Là, un processus de préfabrication y était opéré.  " Les pièces arrivaient de l’atelier de Levallois-Perret préparées jusqu’à l’extrême limite de ce qu’il était possible de ne pas faire au Champ-de-Mars ; il n’y avait plus aucun trou à percer, aucun ajustage à opérer ; la plupart des rivets étaient posés ; les éléments de la construction s’adaptaient les uns aux autres, sans aucune retouche. " précise Gustave Eiffel dans son ouvrage "La Tour de 300 mètres", ajoutant à propos des fers livrés par Fould-Dupont : " Leur fabrication n’a jamais laissé à désirer et tous les efforts ont été faits par cette usine pour ne nous livrer jamais que des fers d’excellente qualité. Le travail marcha dans les ateliers avec la plus grande régularité à raison de trois à quatre cents tonnes par mois, de juin 1887 à mars 1889. Le total des fers livrés par l’atelier a été de 6360 tonnes. Ce poids est notablement inférieur au poids réel de la Tour, parce qu’il ne comprend pas le poids des rivets posés sur place, ni celui des pièces accessoires livrées au chantier. " Au total, la Tour pèse 7300 tonnes.

La technique de préfabrication des ateliers Eiffel a notamment permis à la Tour d’être construite en seulement 2 ans 2 mois et 5 jours !

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Sur la même thématique

Exposition Universelle 1889

La Tour : clou de l’Exposition universelle de 1889

Construction tour Eiffel

Comment la Tour a-t-elle été construite si rapidement ?

Gustave Eiffel

Qui était Gustave Eiffel ?

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Gustave Eiffel, el arquitecto de la Torre Eiffel en París y de los puentes del Viaducto Garabit, diseñó algunos edificios en México. Aquí te diremos cuáles son estos edificios y en qué parte del país se encuentran, para que te animes a visitarlos y apreciar la gran mente de este ingeniero francés que transformó el mundo en la época de la Revolución Industrial.

La Iglesia de Santa Rosalía en Baja California

La huella de Eiffel es inconfundible, por ello a la Iglesia de Santa Rosalía o también conocida como la Iglesia de Santa Bárbara se le conoce como “casa de hierro”. Se trata de una construcción del siglo XIX ubicada en el pueblo de Santa Rosalía en Baja California Sur.

Se dice que esta Iglesia se diseñó con la intención de ser desarmable. Sus techos son de lámina, y las paredes aguantan la mayor parte del peso del edificio. A decir verdad, parece ser una iglesia enviada desde Europa para la colonización.

Es importante mencionar que el hecho de que Eiffel la haya construido se basa solamente en una gran placa en donde está escrito su nombre. Sin embargo, algunos expertos ponen en duda que él sea el verdadero autor de esta iglesia. ¡Ve a verla!

Kiosko de Cuernavaca

En el Jardín Juarez de Cuernavaca se encuentra un bello y sutil kiosko. Muy pocos saben que es una obra de este famosísimo francés. Dicha edificación llegó de Inglaterra a México en el año de 1890. En la compañía que envío esta estructura trabajaba precisamente el constructor de la Gustave Eiffel.

construction tour eiffel metal

 Se dice que la transportación de la estructura de hierro se realizó gracias a animales de cargas como mulas y caballos y que cientos de personas participaron en su ensamble. 

¡Aprovecha que esta edificación está en México, en una de las ciudades más bonitas! Conoce este kiosko y conéctate con Francia y con una de las mentes más creativas de ese país. 

El Puente de Fierro en el Estado de México

En Ecatepec, Estado de México, está el imponente puente de 90 toneladas y 15 metros de altura. Se construyó en 1870 y su diseño fue encabezado precisamente por el autor de la Torre Eiffel. 

construction tour eiffel metal

Fue un centro de reunión de la cultura y un espacio para exhibiciones de arte, sin embargo, cayó en el abandono por varios años. El gobierno local lo tiene actualmente en restauración junto con vecinos con la finalidad de hacer un corredor cultural en el municipio.

– Más del autor

México en canciones de rock, wirikuta, donde nació el sol y se originó el mundo, convento de malinalco, joya colonial, viajar al tren chepe en la nueva normalidad, museo soumaya, de los más espectaculares, qué hacer en downtown méxico, 3 comentarios.

En la página: https://es.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palacio_de_Hierro_de_Orizaba Dice que el Palacio de Hierro fue diseñado por el ingeniero belga Joseph Danly ¿quien está en lo cierto??

Muchas gracias por la aclaración. Ya retiramos la referencia, incluso la imagen.

Yo creo que este sitio es más confiable que la entrada de Wikipedia que no ofrece referencias sobre el arquitecto. Aquí afirman que el Palacio de Hierro de Orizaba es obra de Eiffel. http://orfis.gob.mx/comunicacion/agenda/entorno-21/

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Tour Eiffel Vietnamese Restaurant

Customer ratings and reviews.

Light, healthy food, but difficult to call Vietnamese. Food here has definitely been toned-down for Los Altos clientele. A good option for seniors and those preferring less aggressive seasoning in their food.

Super cute small venue with good Vietnamese food! Portions are perfect, would've liked a bit more meat with my vermicelli though

I enjoyed everything about this place. The service, the food and the price. I had the stake sandwich and the beef vermicelli with hot sauce and a delicious plum sauce. Everything was prepared very well. You must check this place out!

Very great and flavorful food. We had the appetizer rolls 2 orders of them, the rice noodles chicken soup wich is very generous serving and ultimately the chicken fried rice; all absolutely scrumptious. And great service too.

Photos of Tour Eiffel Vietnamese Restaurant

Tour Eiffel Vietnamese Restaurant | bakery | 200 State St, Los Altos, CA 94022, USA | 6509171328 OR +1 650-917-1328

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IMAGES

  1. Torre Eiffel historia y construccion

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  2. Metal Construction of the Eiffel Tower in Paris Editorial Stock Image

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  3. Construction Tour Eiffel

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  4. Construction Tour Eiffel

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  5. Photos : 1887-1889, la construction de la Tour Eiffel

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  6. The Construction Of The Eiffel Tower Stock Image

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COMMENTS

  1. What metal the Eiffel Tower is made of?

    Bertrand Lemoine is an architect, engineer and historian. He was a research director at the CNRS and general manager of the Atelier International du Grand Paris. He is an internationally recognized specialist in the history and current events of architecture, construction, the city and heritage in the 19th and 20th centuries, particularly in Paris, Greater Paris and the Eiffel Tower.

  2. Eiffel Tower history, architecture, design & construction

    The Design of the Eiffel Tower. The plan to build a tower 300 metres high was conceived as part of preparations for the World's Fair of 1889. Bolting the joint of two crossbowmen. (c): Collection Tour Eiffel. The wager was to " study the possibility of erecting an iron tower on the Champ-de-Mars with a square base, 125 metres across and 300 ...

  3. Le fer puddlé : le métal choisi pour construire la Tour Eiffel

    Il a été directeur de recherche au CNRS et directeur général de l'Atelier International du Grand Paris. C'est un spécialiste internationalement reconnu de l'histoire et de l'actualité de l'architecture, de la construction, de la ville et du patrimoine aux 19e et 20e siècles, en particulier de Paris, du Grand Paris et de la Tour Eiffel.

  4. Eiffel Tower: Construction Features of the Iron Giant

    The lower and middle platforms are supported by a 16 m x 16 m and 6 m x 6 m square grid trusses with an area of 4200 m 2 and 1650 m 2, respectively. Beams in the upper half of the tower provide continuity between the four legs before they join to form a single leg. The spans of these beams vary from 1.8 m to 15.7 m.

  5. The Construction of the Eiffel Tower

    Discover how the Eiffel Tower was built

  6. Eiffel Tower

    The Eiffel Tower (/ ˈ aɪ f əl / EYE-fəl; French: Tour Eiffel [tuʁ ɛfɛl] ⓘ) is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower from 1887 to 1889.. Locally nicknamed "La dame de fer" (French for "Iron Lady"), it was constructed as the centerpiece of the 1889 World's Fair, and to ...

  7. When Was the Eiffel Tower Built? Eiffel Tower History and Future

    Construction of the Eiffel Tower began in 1887 and took just two years, two months and five days. The "300-meter Tower," as it was known then, opened on May 15, 1889, at the Exposition Universelle, or Paris World's Fair. The 1889 World's Fair happened to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution — that makes the Tour Eiffel 100 ...

  8. 1887-1889 : the Building of the Eiffel Tower

    1887-1889 : the Building of the Eiffel Tower. Roger Viollet/Getty Images. Built for the Universal Exhibition of Paris of 1889, the Eiffel Tower knew a tumultuous construction, as we have already related in this article dedicated to the history of the construction of the Eiffel Tower. But this is not strictly speaking a story that we offer here ...

  9. Eiffel Tower

    Eiffel Tower, wrought-iron structure in Paris that is one of the most famous landmarks in the world. It is also a technological masterpiece in building-construction history. It was designed and built (1887-89) by Gustave Eiffel and named in his honor.

  10. Paris 2024: how metal from the Eiffel Tower was incorporated into the

    The Eiffel Tower and the medals of Paris 2024: a complex process of craft and creativity During the 20th century, work was undertaken to modernise the elevators of the Eiffel Tower. As a result, sections of the tower were permanently removed from the Iron Lady and carefully preserved.

  11. The Eiffel Tower's Construction

    The Eiffel Tower has been painted 18 times since its construction, an average of once every 7 years. Gustave Eiffel in his book "The 300 Meter Tower" emphasized on the importance of the Tower, and even though we would never fully realize how essential it is, that it was vital to the conservation of metal works, and the more meticulous the ...

  12. Eiffel Tower Architecture

    The Eiffel Tower is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. Named after its engineer and designer, Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch to the 1889 World Fair. The tower is 320 meters (1,050 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-story building. It became the tallest man-made structure globally ...

  13. The Eiffel Tower at the center of the Paris 2024 Olympic medals

    The metal from the Eiffel Tower set in the Olympic and Paralympic medals is derived from parts of the monument's structure removed during renovation works during the 20th century.It is called puddle iron, an almost pure form of iron with excess carbon removed through a process known as puddling, and was produced by the Pompey forges and blast furnaces in Lorraine.

  14. NOVA

    Building the Eiffel Tower. Season 51 Episode 3 | 53m 29s | |. My List. Watch Preview. Explore the revolutionary engineering behind Paris's iconic landmark. Completed in 1889, the iron tower ...

  15. The Eiffel Tower: The Largest Renovation Project in its History

    The work will not impact the attraction's hours, though the construction may alter the aesthetics of the relevant areas. The Eiffel Tower is located at Champ de Mars, 5, Avenue Anatole France in the 7th Arrondissement. It is open from Monday through Sunday from 9:30 p.m. to 11:45 p.m. with the elevator and from 9:30 to 6:30 p.m. with the stairs.

  16. The birth of the Eiffel tower

    The tower project was a bold extension of this principle up to a height of 300 metres - equivalent to the symbolic figure of 1,000 feet. On 18 September 1884, Eiffel registered a patent "for a new configuration allowing the construction of metal supports and pylons capable of exceeding a height of 300 metres".

  17. The History and Construction of the Eiffel Tower

    A pointy wooden structure that existed on 42nd between 5th & 6 avenue in NYC. It was constructed in 1853 for an industrial conference. It was lucky they saw it because it was partly dismantled before burning down three years later in 1856. Eiffel saw the first drawing of the tower in 1884 but was unimpressed.

  18. Three Timeless Entrepreneurship Lessons from the Eiffel Tower's

    Eiffel agreed to invest the remaining 6.5 million Francs himself in exchange for a 20-year lease. As the tower welcomed more than 2 million visitors during the 1889 World's Fair alone, Eiffel managed to recoup construction costs in a single year. The second lesson for entrepreneurs is that it is impossible to innovate without taking risks.

  19. 15 essential things to know about the Eiffel Tower

    First called the 300-meter Tower, it soon took the name of the man who built it, Gustave Eiffel. The Tower opened to the public the same day as the World's Fair, on May 15, 1889. Controversy over the Tower raged in the art world before and during its construction, but thanks to the audacity of its architecture and design, visitors and Parisians ...

  20. Santa Clara, CA new construction homes for sale

    Virtual tour available. House for sale. $3,300,000. 4 bed; 3.5 bath; 2,506 sqft 2,506 square feet; ... New construction homes for sale in Santa Clara, CA have a median listing home price of ...

  21. Our Guide to California's Great America in San Francisco

    California's Great America is a carnival-themed amusement park located in Santa Clara, just between San Jose and San Francisco. The park was acquired by Cedar Fair in 2006 and has since become a popular landmark in the Bay Area. Spread across an area of 112 acres, California's Great America is home to a vast number of special events, rides and ...

  22. D'où vient le fer de la tour Eiffel

    L'origine du fer de la tour Eiffel. Parisienne depuis 1889, la tour Eiffel, par son métal, est originaire de la région du Grand Est, plus précisément près de Nancy en Lorraine ! En 1887, Gustave Eiffel a besoin de plus de 7000 tonnes de fer pour réaliser la pièce maîtresse de l'Exposition Universelle de 1889 : il lance un appel d ...

  23. Construcciones de Gustave Eiffel en México

    Info Rincones de México. -. 03/07/2019. 1917. 3. Iglesia de Santa Rosalía, una obra escondida de Gustave Eiffel en Baja California Sur. (Foto: ShutterStock) Gustave Eiffel, el arquitecto de la Torre Eiffel en París y de los puentes del Viaducto Garabit, diseñó algunos edificios en México. Aquí te diremos cuáles son estos edificios y en ...

  24. Tour Eiffel Vietnamese Restaurant

    Get address, phone number, hours, reviews, photos and more for Tour Eiffel Vietnamese Restaurant | 200 State St, Los Altos, CA 94022, USA on usarestaurants.info